Miliaria in infants
Miliaria in infants - a localized or generalized rash of bright pink color on the skin that develops on the skin after exposure to high temperatures, leading to excessive sweating. thermoregulation system, together with the excretory function in infants with certain functions disorders, due to their immaturity, so the children of this age are more prone to the appearance of prickly heat.That's why when grudnichki a little longer than usual 'em in wet diapers and / or diaper, after changing his tender skin can detect small petechial rash called prickly heat.These rashes in infants except for external signs does not manifest itself.In a lot of cases are alone.
reasons prickly heat in infants
In fact, the appearance of prickly heat in infants can occur for several reasons.This is, firstly, overheating.It occurs due to over-wrapping or dressing the child.Grudnichka skin is much thinner than adult skin.Every human skin is also considered to respiratory system.About 5% of th
also grudnichka overheating can cause not only improper dressing, but in itself high temperatures in the summer.Sometimes, even grudnichki left without clothes for taking air baths, may be exposed to prickly heat, so it is important to make a cool compress to cool off the hot season and did not give the baby is exposed to direct sunlight.
Wrong hygienic care or lack of it can easily trigger the development of prickly heat in infants.Children of this age are very susceptible to various skin rashes, due to increased sensitivity of the skin.Also, these triggers are not only cause miliaria, but the cause of skin infections.In addition to this, there may be complications in the form of joining miliaria infection.
Miliaria can occur anywhere on the body grudnichka.Especially good chance of development in those areas of the body that are exposed to bad handling and ventilation.Sudamen on the head in infants can occur quite physiological reasons, because of the hair.Because it is not necessary to cover the summer once again in the absence of head grudnichka drafts or direct sunlight.
also because a considerable number of folds, can form a heat rash on her neck in infants.Because in a warm room or / and in the warmer months it is considered important as often as possible to leave the child without vests or T-shirts.
Miliaria in infants on the face does not appear, usually on their own.It appears it is because of the development on the neck of the child, and then apply to face.Therefore, when a localized rash on the face of infants, it is important to show a dermatologist to rule out allergic dermatological diseases, or infectious nature.The appearance of prickly heat in the groin area in infants and in the buttocks can only speak about the bad choice of the diaper, non-compliance with due care for a given region or untimely replacement of diapers.
What is heat rash in infants
In most cases, heat rash in infants appears as small papular rash or rash in the form of small red spots that can spread throughout the body of the child.Localization prickly heat in infants may be in the neck, groin, back, on the abdomen, legs, color, etc.In general, heat rash can cover the entire body of the child or be defined in a specific area of it.
Miliaria on the neck in infants initially localized exclusively in its folds, it appears as a bright pink small erythematous points which are rarely filled with clear liquid.After the hygiene or after eliminating the effect of heat on the neck, sudamen own passes.If you ignore the occurrence of prickly heat on the neck, observed its spread on the face area.
Miliaria Facial in infants may also be presented in the form of small erythematous points, which are located in the area of the chin and ears, those areas that are adjacent to the neck.But sudamen on the head in infants may appear in the form of bubbles, which are filled with a clear liquid.Also at this location prickly heat can be observed its transition to the face area, only in the area of the temples and forehead.The appearance of prickly heat on the head of the child may be accompanied by a little hair loss of the affected part.Also, the child may be restless because of the accession of itching.
It is worth remembering that sudamen is considered the gateway to the entrance of infection on the skin.If prickly heat itching can be quite severe, so when combing the skin or when it occurs ssadnenii minor skin trauma.And this, in turn, provokes the development of bacterial infection.
Miliaria in infants on their backs looks like a rash erythematous character, which can spread to the abdomen, groin area.
Overall condition grudnichka at ordinary prickly heat does not suffer.In some cases, there may be an infection as a result of the accession no treatment.In such cases, the heat rash can be characterized by eruptions of bubbles with copious serous fluid or yellow.
Miliaria in infants treated
best prickly heat preventive treatment in infants is considered adequate observance of hygienic care.First of all, the delicate and sensitive skin of the child should be kept clean.In hot weather it recommended increasing the number of bathing to three times a day, in addition they must be alternating with the processing of napkins with special soothing oils of the skin surface grudnichka .
Use of detergents for bathing should be reduced to once a day.For example, during an evening swim, so as not to expose the skin sloughing grudnichka protective film.Such a film is formed in a child due to the work of his excretory functions of the skin.It also represents a barrier function for the penetration of pathogens.Because conducting water treatments on hot days, the baby simply splash in the warm water without the addition of special facilities for swimming, not even necessary to resort to the use of children's soap.Because the soap dries the skin hard enough infants, which could lead to its peeling.
temperature of the water for infants when bathing is not recommended above 37 degrees and the air temperature in the bathroom - not higher than 22 degrees.Grudnichka wash the scalp at least 2 times a week a special baby shampoo, and if every day, without the means to wash it.After completion of the water treatment, the child is rinsed with running water one degree colder water in the bath.Duration bathing the baby is about 10 minutes.Furthermore, skin baby wipes gently blotted movements is not a rough towel.Skin folds treated with caring baby oil.In the summer, it is advisable to abandon the use of oils, and better use of water-based skin care products.
When eruptions well to procedure dusting talcum powder.Powder is poured into his palm, and then applied to the affected skin of the child.The talc contains the optimal amount of caring components, and most importantly, they contain zinc, which is very good in the prevention and treatment of prickly heat.It should be remembered that immediately sprinkle talcum powder on the baby's skin is forbidden, because he can inhale it and entering powder to the lungs is fraught with consequences of bad character.
Itching in the prickly heat in infants is well eliminate compresses soda (food).In a glass of boiled water at room temperature dissolve 1 teaspoon of baking soda.After sterile gauze, wrung well, and make sponging attachment to the affected area on the skin.When forms of generalized prickly heat and intense itching of the skin effect is given a good warm bath with the addition of a small amount of oatmeal or baking soda.And with extensive localization prickly heat may recommend prescription drugs antihistamine group, creams containing zinc, aloe and chamomile.These drugs help to eliminate itching and relieving redness on the skin surface grudnichka.
can apply the imposition of lotions or sponging inflamed areas of the skin with a weak solution of potassium sudamen permanganate.A positive effect in the treatment and prevention miliaria provide air bath.They contribute to the optimal evaporation from the skin surface grudnichka.Sunscreens should be replaced lotions with a high index of protection against ultraviolet radiation (at least 30 units).
important to observe quality processing groin grudnichka after each act of urination or defecation.Girls need to wash away strictly from front to back (toward) to avoid contact with microorganisms anal sex way.Boys produce wash genitals mezhyagodichnoy and femoral folds.If there is no possibility of substitution infants, you can resort to the use of wipes for personal hygiene for the care of children's skin.Diapers should be changed at least 6-7 times a day and after each stool.It is forbidden to expose a baby's long stay in wet clothes.The optimum temperature for infants is considered to be 22-25 degrees.
Before going out, it is important to dress the baby.Here can help rule - one layer plus.It is necessary to dress themselves in so many clothes in which you will be comfortable.Infants wear well, only from above to add another layer of clothing.No way you can not coddle a child in the summer!When you walk in a wheelchair can do chintz set of sliders and undershirts.Application bonnet is unacceptable if the child is in a wheelchair.It is better to replace the cap on a cotton scarf of fabric.It is important that all the materials for infants clothes made from natural materials.Synthetic must not be present in his wardrobe, because wearing it contributes to the development of the prickly heat in infants.
determine the body temperature of your grudnichka help some tips.If you're with the baby in the same room (for example, in the clinic), you can touch his nose with the back of his hand.If a baby has a warm nose, so he feels comfortable.If hot, so grudnichok sweating and he even has a risk of increasing the overall body temperature.We must try to free the baby from the extra layer of clothing.If the cold nose, so the kid was cold.It is worth remembering that the baby is well on the nose to diagnose his condition temperature, because the legs and arms can be cold during the first year of life because of the peculiarities of the system of thermoregulation.If grudnichok becomes restless due to the development of prickly heat and begins to act up, refuse to eat, sleep restlessly, then you need as quickly as possible to show the child's pediatrician and dermatologist.The appearance of weeping scabs and swelling in the affected area sudamen says about the development of a bacterial infection, which also requires an urgent visit to a specialist and prescribing antibiotic group.
prevention of this condition is the rational dressing infants, observance of the right skin care products and adherence to an adequate temperature in the room.