cracks in the skin
cracks in the skin - which is exactly the defects arising from loss of data portion of skin elasticity.Cracks are formed usually in areas with high folding leather or high tension (corners of the mouth, the skin of hands, heels area, anus, in large folds). For most familiar and inconvenience these phenomena are directly associated with them.
Cracks in the skin are always painful, they tend Moisture, bleeding, burning and itching.Cracks can occur on the rough skin of the limbs and the delicate skin of the lips.However, you should know that the cracks in the skin - it is usually just a symptom of a significant pathology metabolism.
Depending on the depth and / or the nature of skin lesions secrete epidermal cracks (surface) and dermal (deep).First after healing usually do not leave almost no trace, but after healing the past leave visible scars.
cracks in the skin causes
reasons for surface cracks often are: dry skin, eczema rash hands and feet, with finger athlete's fo
Deep cracks in the skin are specific symptoms for early congenital syphilis.They are formed around the mouth and leave scars after healing kisetoobraznye.
If in a residential area is hot and dry air, it is a suitable environment where there are data damage.Dehydration appears dry and later cracks.Frequent use of bathing and cleaning chemistry leads to loss of the surface protective layer secreted by the skin.The skin dries quickly with the formation of microscopic cracks.
Diseases allergic nature such as atopic or contact dermatitis, often their symptoms are cracks in the skin.Places constant friction and irritation are subject to inflammation, soak and are often formed cracks in the skin.
Failure to comply with hygiene standards may appear cracks in the skin.Poor protection of the skin from the cold and wind is also apparent cracks.
Dry eczema can cause cracks in the skin.Men and women are equally affected with this disease.These patients often have a tendency to atopy.Suffer from cracks in the skin in this disease may be different areas of the skin, but most of the lower limbs.
Another common condition is perleches or cheilitis.It cracks in the skin at the corners of the lips.The reason for their appearance - bacterial, streptococcal and staphylococcal often infection, which contributes to the prosperity of nutritional deficiency of B vitamins and metabolic diseases.Candida infection occurs in people with a weakened immune system and long antibiotic therapy.Option streptococcal perleches typical for children.But sometimes apparent Zayed may be a manifestation of erosive lesions in syphilis.
Cracks in the skin of the hands
Your skin is the first and most important barrier to all chemicals.Therefore, some people have allergic reactions to substances that occur in regular contact.There is the body's chemical sensitization, and there are local manifestations of allergy in the form of eczema.The variant without sensitization.This so-called simple irritant dermatitis.
Most people with cracks in the skin of the hands has a predisposition (atopy) to allergic diseases.They have arisen in childhood diathesis, presence of asthma.
Cracks in the skin of the hands are often by the cost of professional activity, economic affairs, the care of young children, frequent change cycles of wet / dry.Fiberglass, formaldehyde, acids, alkalis, oils, oxidants, solvents, resins, and more - all allergic agents.
Cracks in the skin of the hands can be either on the palm and the back surfaces.They are accompanied by pain, redness, burning sensation.
Cracks in the skin of the fingers
Cracks in the skin of the fingers often develop in women than in men.It is connected with the frequency of contact with irritants.This occurs when the disease - disgidroticheskaya eczema.It is characterized by the appearance of bubbles, later cracks of the skin of fingers.Thus there is a moderate or severe itching.When combing the bubbles burst and weeping forms eroded surface of the skin.
Cracks in the skin of the fingers occur at the joints of the phalanges and cause sharp pain in flexion and extension of fingers.The peak of the disease in women occurs at the beginning of the third decade of life, and men - in the middle of the fourth decade.Over time, symptoms of the disease are minimized and do not occur at all.
cracked skin heels
heels cracked skin - a very common phenomenon, without predominance of either sex.The heels are regions of the body to which a load whole body, therefore they are experiencing increased pressure.Failure to comply with hygiene rules may cause dermatosis feet.Inconvenient or size-matched shoes with heels constant irritation of the field will cause cracks in the skin.
diseases that alter metabolism and contribute to changing the elastic properties of the skin and cause cracks in the skin.Such diseases include inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract of any localization, diabetes, nutritional deficiency of vitamins A, E, group B fungal agent also causes dermatitis until the cracks.The fungus spreads by contact feet, while wearing personal items of an infected person.
cracks in the skin treatment
Cracks in the skin are treated in the first place if they were the result of allergic inflammation, cessation of contact with the allergen.If the occupational sector can not do this, be sure to use protective equipment: gloves, overalls.
Dry skin cracks should be as little as possible into contact with water.Use only mild soap.Use of emollients help to keep moisture in the skin and speed up the healing of fractures.Most suitable for this role petrolatum as lotions and creams often more dry skin, especially as they often contain fragrances that are unacceptable for damaged skin.Emollients based on lactic acid, urea, glycolic acid may also heal cracks in the skin.If accurate diagnosis of allergic dermatitis, the treatment of corticosteroid ointment made 2 times a day for 2-3 weeks.If you have an itch you can use the funds from the calming effect.
must remember that corticosteroid ointment produce different pharmacological effect, so weak ointment used for more delicate facial skin, the ointment the average force applied to the body, and strong ointment effectively act on the cracks in the skin of the palms and soles.Use needed steroids ointment rather than cream base due to possible allergic response.
Gidrokortizol better not to use on cracks in the skin, as it sometimes causes allergic reactions.Systemic corticosteroids is possible only in cases where cracks in the skin accompanied by severe manifestations of the primary disease.Are useful wet compresses with a solution prior to application Burov glucocorticoid ointments.The drilling fluid is an 8% solution of basic aluminum acetate, and dry skin cracks in these compresses softened.
also cracks in the skin give in physiotherapy: irradiation with ultraviolet lamps, surface Short-rentgenterapiya.
In cases of violations of disability used weekly methotrexate 5-15 mg daily or a low dose of Cyclosporine.
Treatment of cracks in the skin of the fingers when disgidroticheskoy eczema comes to the appointment of prednisolone at a dose of 0.5-1 mg per kg per day.with a slow decrease in the drug within two weeks.Assign compresses with a solution of the Boers to cracking.Can bring relief tacrolimus ointment Protopic 0.1%, which is replaced by the daily application of 2 times a day outdoor glucocorticosteroid in a few cycles of 3-4 weeks.
itch can be reduced by using antihistamines.Psorolen applied topically on the palmar surface of the hands, and they covered cracks in the skin and ultraviolet A for the treatment of torpid variants of the disease.In identifying the sensitivity to nickel prescribed by Disulfiram 200mg / day for 8 weeks.
If cracks in the skin have a fungal nature, then prescribe antifungal medications.In acute form prescribed lotions from resorcinol 1-2% ethacridine 0.1% solution of silver nitrate 0.25% solution of potassium permanganate solution 1: 6000-1: 8000.At the lotions prescribed antihistamines, vitamins, Ascorutinum.Antifungals systemic and local action are used together.Griseofulvin, ketoconazole, taken orally for 3-12 months Terbinafine (Lamizin) at a dose of 250 mg per day for 3 months, itraconazole (Orungal) is administered in the form of pulse therapy at a dose of 200 mg twice after meals for 7 days with a break3 weeks.
Preparations for topical application to the cracks in the skin: Nitrofungin, mikoseptin, travogen, Travokort, Tolmitsen, clotrimazole, Daktarin, Pevaril, Exoderil, ketoconazole.
as preventing fungal infections is necessary to use personal hygiene.When diagnosed fungus in parallel with the treatment of the skin, it is necessary to process shoes and insoles formalin solution and disinfect socks in boiling water for 10 minutes.
often cracks in the skin can be caused by excessive stress, so it is to reduce emotional stress.
There are many popular ways that treat cracks in the skin.Before starting treatment, it is necessary to steam the skin around the crack and remove the dead skin layers of the skin.This applies mainly to the rough skin on heels.This procedure can make yourself, but you can resort to the help of experts.At home, you can use warm soapy water with the addition of baking soda to soften the skin of feet.
Here are some non-drug methods by which the treated cracks in the skin.
The most common method is the application frayed green onions to a crack in the skin at night.
can be done to make overnight mixture of juice of onions, aloe leaf, fish oil with the addition of flour.
quite accessible baths with starch, wherein the ratio of starch 1lozhka: 1 liter of water.Several of these baths improve the condition of the damaged area, will clean cracks in the skin.
remaining waste from peeling potatoes boiled and then cooked in a broth omit the damaged area of skin.
can lubricate the cracks in the skin oil solutions of vitamins A and E.
marigold flowers are boiled in a mixture of grated onion and kalanchoe applied to the problem area, and promote rapid healing.
Cracks in the skin of the heels will heal faster if his feet dipped in a mixture of boiled linseed waste from peeling potatoes.
Your skin very well mitigated by a decoction of chamomile flowers, sage and lime flowers.
decoction of nettles, Ira and heads of daisies mixed with a decoction of oak and lemon juice moisturizes the skin cracks.
in the sauna or baths can be applied to cracks in the skin of a mixture of honey and vegetable oils, can be castor or olive.