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Eye diseases

Conjunctivitis.

Conjunctivitis.Types and methods of treatment

Conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis - is a common inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the eye.Second name conjunctivitis is "rabbit eye".This name is derived for the redness century.How many unpleasant moments brings us conjunctivitis!This disease can cause both allergic and reaction bacterial or viral infection. Infective conjunctivitis is very dangerous and contagious disease, and allergic conjunctivitis there.Therefore, a medical examination is better not to delay, but to find out the cause of the disease and begin treatment

Causes

- Flower dust mote, foreign bodies

- Allergens - bacteria

- Medications

- Cosmetics

-Viruses

- household products

- Chemicals enterprises

- Ionizing radiation

- Rubbing eyes with dirty hands

Symptoms

- Burning

- Itching and redness in the eyes

- Sensation of sand in the eyes

- Photophobia

- eye puffiness

- Mucous discharge

Conjunctivitis 1

Types conjunctivitis

distinguish conjunctivitis chronic n

onspecific catarrh, acute nonspecific catarrh, diplobatsillyarny (angular), diphtheria, adenovirus, herpes, paratrahoma

chronic nonspecific catarrhal conjunctivitis caused by smoke, dust, chemicals, malnutrition and metabolic development of vitamin deficiencies, diseases of eyelids ( blepharitis , meybomeit), violation of the outflow of tear fluid, a disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses.As a result, activated microorganisms - saprophytes.Improper treatment of acute conjunctivitis may also serve as a cause of chronic conjunctivitis

For acute nonspecific catarrhal conjunctivitis characterized by lacrimation, photophobia, burning sensation, heaviness in the eyes, copious mucopurulent discharge, gluing eyelashes per night.This infection develops as a result of coccal flora and staphylococcus or streptococcus is.The disease in the short term can cover two eyes

Diplobatsillyarny (angular) conjunctivitis is characterized by chronic and subacute with viscous mucous discharge.Inflammation localized in the field of internal and external corner of the eye.Blush Leather century and form painful cracks, looseness of the conjunctiva appears

Diphtheria conjunctivitis is characterized by infection of the conjunctiva from the upper respiratory tract.Ill in most cases pre-school children.Symptoms: swelling, soreness, age, allocation is unclear, bloody, covered with conjunctiva dirty gray patina, formed granulation.Symptoms typical of diphtheria is: headache , weakness, fever, enlargement and tenderness of the lymph nodes

Adenoviral conjunctivitis - when the virus is transmitted contact or by airborne droplets.The disease always goes badly.Increased body temperature, increased headache, swollen lymph nodes.First ill one eye, and on the second day of the second.It appears tearing, poor discharge, photophobia, swelling of the eyelid skin

Herpetic conjunctivitis. causative agent of conjunctivitis is herpes simplex virus.Transmission of the virus occurs through airborne droplets.Herpes simplex virus, once in the body, it is stored in lifelong learning and thus cause recurrence of the disease.Conjunctivitis has three clinical forms: follicular, bluetongue and vesicular-ulcer.For follicular form characteristic for a long period of sluggish, lack of microflora, the emergence of bubbles herpes on the wings of the nose and the skin of the eyelids.Bluetongue form occurs acutely, and vesicular and ulcerative form is characterized by the development of follicles in the tissue of the conjunctiva, followed by scarring

Paratrahoma - inclusion conjunctivitis, which is characterized by swelling of the eyelids, purulent discharge, follicles, infiltration and conjunctival hyperemia, corneal changes.The man who struck the mucous membrane of the urinary tract or the conjunctiva - the source of infection.The causative agent can get into the eyes of a healthy person through infected water, during birth, through poorly washed hands.Susceptible often one eye

Treatment

Depending on the nature of the disease of the conjunctiva using different drugs.If conjunctivitis is caused by an infection, then the treatment using antibiotics, sulfa drugs, medicines which have disinfectant and anti-inflammatory.If treatment is delayed, it is necessary to use antibiotics, given the sensitivity to them microflora conjunctiva.In allergic reactions resort to desensitizing agents, degenerative processes used cytotoxic drugs.Eye drops and eye ointment is administered into the conjunctival sac.Drug treatment is administered to the patient after the results of investigations of discharge from the conjunctival sac

Conjunctivitis nonspecific catarrh treatment

eyewash solution: rivanola (1: 5000), boric acid (2%), furatsilina (1: 5000), potassium permanganate (1: 5000).Instillation in the conjunctival sac of a 10% solution of sodium norsulfazola 20-30% solution of sodium sulfatsil (sulfacetamide), 0.5% gentamycin solution, 1% solution of erythromycin A 0.25% solution of chloramphenicol, neomycin, 0.5% sodium phosphate.Eye drops drip four to six times per day.Featured ophthalmic ointment in the conjunctival sac of 1% oleandomitsinovaya, 1% tetracycline, neomycin 0.5%, 1% eritromitsinovaya 10% sulfapiridazin - sodium, gentamicin 0.5% and 1-5% emulsion sintomitsina

diplobatsillyarny conjunctivitis (angular) treatment

applied in the form of zinc sulfate instillation of 0.25 to 0.5% and 1% (less often) solutions from 4 to 6 times per day.In the form of drops for use: 0.5% solution of hydrocortisone, 0.25% solution of chloramphenicol, tetracycline 1% solution and 2.5% solution of polymyxin B - three times per day.For lower eyelid is necessary to lay the 1% emulsion sintomitsina or 1% tetracycline ointment.The recommended duration of treatment from one to one and a half months

diphtheria conjunctivitis treatment

needed isolation.Diphtheria serum is injected intramuscularly (6000-10 000 IU), made warm lotions, conjunctivitis washed with a warm solution of potassium permanganate (1: 5000) or boric acid (2%), infusion solutions are introduced: erythromycin (1%), penicillin (20 000 unitsin 1 ml of isotonic sodium chloride solution), gentamicin (0.5%), sodium sulfatsil (30%), oleandomitsina phosphate (1%), chloramphenicol (0.25%), neomycin sulfate (0.5%), sulfapiridazin sodium (10-20%) norsulfazola (10%).For ever laid for 20% ointment sulfatsil solution (20%), penicillin ointment (20 000 units per 1 g of the base), 1% eritromitsinovaya 1% oletetrinovaya 1% tetracycline, 0.5% kanamycin, 0.5% of gentamicin, 0.5% neomycin1% oleandomitsinovaya 1-5% emulsion sintomitsina.For corneal appointed drops containing vitamins - riboflavin, ascorbic acid, 5% glucose solution, citral, 0.5% tiaminovaya ointment.Prescribe antibiotics (erythromycin, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, rifampicin);intramuscular injections of penicillin and sulfa drugs (sulfapiridazin sodium, sulfadimetoksin, sulfatsil sodium).Treatment should continue until complete recovery and the negative results of bacteriological research

Paratrahoma treatment

Assign solution of potassium permanganate (1: 5000), furatsilina (1: 5000), oksitsianida mercury (1: 5000), rivanola (1: 5000), 1% solution oletetrin 1% tetracycline solution, 0.25% solution of chloramphenicol, 1% solution of erythromycin, 30% solution of sodium sulfatsil 20% solution of sodium sulfapiridazin.Apply 1% ointment: erythromycin, tetracycline, ditetramitsina, Eubetal.If the treatment takes protracted, Inside appoint sulfonamides (sulfapiridazin sodium, sulfadimezin, etazol) and antibiotics (tetracycline, oletetrin, doxycycline)

Prevention

- strictly observe the rules of hygiene (to keep clean hands)

- Use individualtowel and pillowcase

- Avoid swimming pools with chlorinated water

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