chalazion - this neoplasm tumor in the thickness of the century, resulting from blockage of the ducts.Further development of chalazion - swelling and chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands or more commonly called - meibomian glands.The glands are located inside the century, their amount can reach up to 70 each.They promote wetting eyeball slёznuyu forming a film consisting of fatty acids, and also prevents the evaporation of tears from the eye.Therefore, when the channel is blocked gland, it prevents the secretion that accumulates in the sebaceous glands, thus there is an inflammatory process.
In ophthalmology disease occurs frequently.Chalazion can occur in children, and in the more mature age period.
One reason chalazion may be non-compliance with basic personal hygiene.Category of people who simply ignore the water treatment in the morning and in the evening before going to bed, rubbing his eyes with dirty hands.Improper use of contact lenses, too, pr
often the reason is the emergence of chalazion in place of barley.This happens when the wrong and insufficient treatment, and sometimes the absence of it at all, so there are repeated relapses, which can complicate chalazion.This contributes to low immunity and lack of resistance to various infections.
Hormonal disorders also provoke this disease, it is a common cause of diabetes or excessive work of the skin and sebaceous glands, as a result of congenital diseases.
Oddly, for reasons chalazion include a history of gastrointestinal disease.These include dysbiosis, biliary dyskinesia, enterocolitis, chronic gastritis.
chalazion may appear on the upper, lower eyelid, or both at once.It looks compacted education in the form of nodules.In early disease clinic is similar to barley, so they are easily confused, but when viewed from a qualified specialist correct diagnosis.After the first two days of symptoms varies.With an increase in its dimensions, clearly visible site redness, and sometimes it is absent - the swelling on the eyelid visualized.The skin is easily shifted and seal remains in place.The seal may be up to 8 mm in diameter.
From inside the century there hyperemia with the central part of gray.On palpation painless compacted land.In some cases the formation of multiple chalazion immediately.If the process starts festering, the clinical manifestations are expressed in watery eyes, itching and pain when touched.
possible rise in temperature, swelling of the mucosa and increase in size of the tumor itself.This causes blurred vision, because of the size of the formation of the cornea are pressed.Perhaps spontaneous dissection chalazion to release pus out.Thus, there is a formation fistulous.Such an outcome still does not rule out the operation, because the disease has not disappeared and is not passed, chalazion only decreased in size.
chalazion upper eyelid
Violation of the sebaceous glands of the upper eyelid results in blocking and output them to the outside, resulting in a seal in the area.When connecting the infection is an increase in its size.This can serve as an allergic reaction, are available to it, as well as the mechanical tissue injury - contact lenses, false eyelashes, poor-quality cosmetics.
chalazion treatment is carried out after a thorough examination and examination by a doctor.If timely treatment, ophthalmologist assigned treatment, which comprises the use of eye drops based antibiotic ointment hydrocortisone or mercury introduction into the cavity chalazion corticosteroids such as Dexamethasone 0.5 ml.Kenalog or solution at the same dosage.Also apply physiotherapy, including UHF - therapy and exposure lamp.
Independently patients can perform a circular motion massage century, gently with your fingertip, after your doctor has explained in detail how it is spent.From traditional medicine can be applied compresses of chamomile infusion.Such therapy chalazion is assigned, provided that the disease is not complicated by.You can use various folk methods, if your doctor aware of procedures and has no objections.
chalazion lower eyelid
When chalazion lower eyelid ducts located along the lash shall cease to operate normally, the output of the secret to the outside is blocked.As a result, there is the formation of the size of a pea.
chalazion lower eyelid similar in appearance and the first signs of barley.At the end of 1-2 days it usually increases in size, this is accompanied by blurred vision and joins soreness at the site of what was observed at the beginning.The causes symptoms of the disease can be immunodeficiency, frequent colds and viral diseases, diabetes mellitus, as well as failure to comply with basic rules of personal hygiene.
When anamnesis of such chalazion can take a chronic form, which means that frequent relapses.In this case, you should not casually to their health and maintain vitamin therapy and immune-boosting drugs.It should appeal to a hospital and receive skilled care physician ophthalmologist.The doctor is required to conduct inspections and generate further tactics of treatment in this case.The most important thing is not to run the process, ignoring it and hoping that everything will pass by itself.This will only aggravate the situation.
Treatment chalazion held locally with the appointment of eye drops and ointments hormone as a supplement connects physiotherapy.Generally, the prognosis is favorable.With severe cases recommended an operation.Calibration is done on an outpatient basis and takes only 20 - 30 minutes.
chalazion the child
very frequent diseases in children age.This is usually barley, blepharitis, but meets and chalazion.In every age we have about 30 glands that extend to the edge of the century, providing slёznuyu film to protect the eyes.If the gland is inflamed, its work is disturbed, therefore, evident nodule - this is the chalazion.It can be easily detected at the first appearance when it is localized closer to the outer surface of the century, as visible defect in the form of protuberances.If education is deeper, closer to the cartilaginous part of the conjunctiva, and see and find it just is not given possible.
Children's habit of rubbing eyes with dirty hands - one of the causes of the chalazion.It's no secret that childhood colds and viral diseases are frequent visitors, it also provokes the insidious disease.
When a chalazion can be observed single and multiple lesions.Parents should be aware that it is not necessary to engage in self-medicate, and you need to see a doctor.Home treatment chalazion only provoke the accession of infection and exacerbate the disease process.After all, the sooner will be carried out to see a doctor, the more likely to go conservative treatment to avoid surgery.
Treatment is carried out with the purpose of corticosteroids, in the form of ointments and drops of bleach.The variant of administration of the drug into the cavity of the chalazion, it contributes to the gradual resorption of the hearth.If the case is started, or the effect of the therapy was conducted not, resort to surgery.When the capsule becomes more dense form and painless, it is performed excision.Under local anesthesia capsule wound, the cut is not visible as it is carried on the inside of the eyelid.
the therapy is conducted under the supervision of a physician and is assigned depending on the stage chalazion.At the first sign we can limit ourselves warm compresses, applying them to the affected area 4-5 times a day.Massage is carried out carefully with your fingertip in a circular motion.This may help a rapid release of accumulated secretions, with the proviso that the encapsulation process has not started yet.
better to undergo treatment chalazion appointment mercury ointment and special eye drops.Perhaps the introduction into the cavity of the capsule itself corticosteroids, such as Kenalog.It has anti-edema and anti-inflammatory effect.To maintain and improve the effect of the picture used polarized light apparatus "Bioptron" helium-neon laser to relieve inflammation and UHF - therapy.
Some prefer folk remedies treatment chalazion.Of course, the choice for everyone, but still worth it to start to consult with your doctor.For treatment of cold lotions often use of boric acid, a decoction of fennel and chamomile.It is better if you are warm compresses.Popular marshmallow drug.To do this, the roots of the plants are ground and poured cold boiled water, insisting 8 hours and can be washed with a solution of this eye.You can also lubricate the affected area or the aloe juice of Kalanchoe.
Radical treatment chalazion include the operation.Calibration is done quickly and painlessly for 30 minutes under local infiltration anesthesia.
If conservative treatment methods do not give a positive effect or a case of heavy and started to resort to surgery.Operation is simple and takes little time.Held in an outpatient setting under aseptic and antiseptic.Let us examine the stages of the operation.
1. To get started is processed antiseptic surgical field, that is the part of the person, which appeared chalazion.
2. Then, a infiltration anesthesia - subcutaneous injection of the drug layering a thin needle, usually insulin.Drugs used for anesthesia lidocaine, Novocaine, Bupivacaine.
3. Superimposed special clamp for maximum prevention of bleeding.
4. Depending on where in localized capsule is held with the cut tissue inside or outside.
5. The capsule and its contents removed by husking.
6. Produced antiseptic wound treatment.If you still had to make a skin incision, you need stitches.
7. Once again treated area of the cut and impose a sterile bandage on the eye ointment.
After the surgery the first time will be attended by bruising and swelling after a few days it all goes.
great alternative is a laser scalpel.The operation begins with the instillation of the special drops painkillers.Laser incision is made chalazion capsule, to remove it completely.All the operation is finished.Advantages and benefits of this method are many.Firstly, it is less traumatic, secondly, bandages not required since bloodless surgery, the sutures also do not overlap.Only in rare cases when the scar area, touching the cornea, brings discomfort, put on a few days a special lens.Typically, such patients are discharged immediately.After conducting such manipulation can not be watering eyes.If conventional surgical intervention may still had a relapse, then using the laser is guaranteed to solve once and for all.