Diseases of the joints and spine



tendonitis photo Tendinitis - inflammation of tendon tissue, usually seen in the area of ​​attachment of the tendon to the bone.Quite often, the disease is combined with inflammatory lesions of the tendon sheath tendon or bag and can manifest itself in the form of ordinary mild pain that often comes from overwork.However, unlike tendonitis, muscle pain is simple enough temporary, whereas the painful manifestations of this disease very resistant and can be observed for a long time.Tendinitis affects people regardless of the professional activity, sex and age, but the most susceptible to it due to age-related changes in tissue tendons people over forty years, as well as those engaged in physical labor or exercise, loading the same zone

Tendonitis -

causes of the most common causes of tendinitis, is Microfracture and increased physical activity.When the physical work place in which the muscles attach to the skeleton are experiencing quite a heavy load.In cases where such a load is excessive and r

egular, cartilage and tendon tissue in places of attachment, often subject to degenerative changes that occur in small areas of necrosis (necrosis), the deposition of calcium salts, portions of fatty tissue cartilage and tendons.Calcium salts are deposited in most places where once, for any reason, there was mikrorazryv tendon fibers.Because the calcium salts are sufficiently solid form, they can easily injure the surrounding tissue.

due to prolonged physical activity, which is between the tendon fibers cartilage degenerates, ossified, and then there are bony growths like osteophytes, bone spurs and spikes.These processes are the catalyst for the development of tendonitis.In addition, tendinitis may develop as a consequence of the presence of a human diseases such as rheumatoid character as reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout

most common causes of tendinitis: Photo tendinitis

- Long considerable physical burden on certain joint

- Injuries and bacterialinfection (gonorrhea etc.)

- rheumatic diseases (arthritis, gout and so forth.)

- Various allergic reactions to certain drugs

- Asymmetrical body structure (if the lower limbs of different lengths, can develop tendonitis of the kneejoint)

- Failure to correct posture

- Improper development of tendon or weakening

that developed tendonitis can be seen almost anywhere in the body where there is a tendon.Quite often it tendonitis occurs at the base of the shoulder, thumb hand, hip, knee and elbow joints, Achilles tendon.In adolescents and children, the most frequently observed tendonitis of the knee, directly associated with inflammatory lesions of the apophysis tibia

Tendonitis - Symptoms

most pronounced symptoms of tendinitis is limited mobility and pain, which can occur suddenly, or the increase ofAs the inflammatory process.Pain at sites of inflammation and the adjoining areas hard enough and long not passing.During the feelings of the affected tendon there is increased sensitivity

main symptoms of tendinitis : pain;over the affected tendon is observed hyperemia;there is audible through a stethoscope or even crackling in the distance when driving tendon.The disease is much complicated in the case of deposits tends to weaken the tendon and joint capsule of calcium salts.biceps tendinitis photo

tendonitis of the shoulder joint is shown a decrease in the mobility of the shoulder and a decrease in range of motion.In unloaded condition of pain in the shoulder is completely absent.Growing to the night-time pain are warning signs when tendinitis, not so much because of their severity, but because of the forced position of the body during sleep.

tendonitis of the knee joint is shown difficulties when running or climbing stairs, running and walking.In the case of inflammatory lesions of tendons in the forearm of patients have problems with the implementation of various actions and holding objects hands

Tendinitis - treatment

first priority is to ensure the treatment of tendinitis complete rest the affected area.For these purposes, with the defeat of the lower limbs are perfect crutches or a cane;when tendinitis of the shoulder joint - splints, splint or ligation;tendinitis at the elbow - a hard brace.In parallel, the appointed receiving painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used locally by the action of a similar ointment.

positive trend in the treatment of tendinitis observed after injection directly into the lesion corticosteroid that fairly quickly eliminate pain and contribute to the attenuation of the inflammatory process.Addition to the main course of treatment are physiotherapy.

If a strong inflammatory process, or in the case of failure of standard treatment shown antibiotics, and in severe cases - surgery.

Treating tendonitis will be productive only if the patient's compliance with any and all recommendations for the rest subjected to the affected limb.In the case of preservation of the former regime and the rhythm of work, the further development of the disease can safely guarantee.

Prevention of tendinitis is much lighter than its subsequent treatment.Regardless of the future of physical activity should first spend a little workout.The pace of the load should be increased gradually, while not working at the limit of their strength.In the event of the slightest sign of pain, exercise should be changed, or have at least a short-term stay.If in the performance of any act pain continue to emerge in the future for them is better not come back.Prevention of tendinitis of the shoulder joint is the avoidance of work that must be performed hands up.In case of failure due to the professional features, upper extremities occasionally necessary to give complete rest.

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