Allergic bronchitis is polyetiological disease, in other words, it can develop as a result of exposure to indoor allergens (pollen, house dust, animal hair, etc.), And under the influencebacterial or viral stimuli, it is more likely pathogenic staphylococcus.Usually recurrences allergic bronchitis observed in the cold season, which is another confirmation of the infectious causative factor.
Unlike asthma, in which there is loss of small bronchi and bronchioles, in allergic bronchitis affects medium and large bronchi.This explains the absence in this disease express and bronchospastic component of asthma attacks.
Allergic bronchitis is characterized by pale edematous mucosa, luminal narrowing segmental bronchus and a large number in the lumen of the bronchi mucous secretion.If the disease process develops as a result of bacterial infection, during bronchoscopy observed changes, which are usually present in viral and bacterial bronchitis (mucopurulent secret geperemiya muc
allergic bronchitis in children early age, due to the age characteristics of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, manifested predominantly edema and hypersecretion, while poorly expressed bronchospasm.This fact is one of the fundamental reasons that impede young children differential diagnosis of this disease with bronchial asthma.
Allergic bronchitis - symptoms
The disease is recurrent in nature and occurs in children of all ages absolutely.Relapses occur and mostly occur at subfebrile or normal temperature and can be observed 1 2 times during the month.The duration of relapses can vary from day to read two or more weeks.
main symptom of allergic bronchitis - often paroxysmal, persistent cough haunting manifested mainly at night.Initially, the cough is usually dry, later rolling in the wet.Coughing attacks may be triggered by physical activity, negative emotions and so forth.
Despite the fact that the disease is persistent recurrent course, changes in the digestive system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver are observed.Typically, children exhibit symptoms that indicate the involvement in the pathological process of the autonomic and central nervous systems - the children become lethargic, irritable, moody, they have an excessive sweating.
Allergic bronchitis - treatment
Treatment of allergic bronchitis long-term, systematic and comprehensive.On the basis of the individual characteristics of the disease, the basic therapeutic principles are reduced to an adequate combination of nonspecific and specific interventions.Enough effective therapeutic effect showed prolonged immunotherapy, identified by trial allergy allergen.Besides having stimulating effects prescribed drugs such as pentoxy, Metatsil, Sodium nucleinate and so on. Good anti-allergic effect is antihistamines (Tavegil, Diazolin, pipolfen, Suprastin, diphenhydramine, and so on.), Used in aerosol, intramuscularly or inside.A good therapeutic effect aerosols have alkali and chlorine-sodium mineral water, which reduces the viscosity of mucus, restore ion balance and improve the trophism of the mucous membranes.
From physiotherapy treatments for allergic bronchitis commonly used ultraviolet rays, which increase the production of antibodies that stimulate the processes of innate immunity and contribute to the protection functions.Equally important are the physical factors (water, sun, fresh air), combined with tempering activities.
with children of school and pre-school age should systematically Physiotherapy and kids up to three years to make sure bracing massage.If within three to four months in school and preschool age symptoms of the disease is detected, they will be encouraged to exercise in the pool therapeutic swimming.