Atopic dermatitis in children
Atopic dermatitis in children is a skin allergic disease, which is caused by allergens and toxins that affect the baby's skin.The disease is caused by a genetic predisposition to an excess of immunoglobulin E in contact with the allergen.The signs of atopic dermatitis in children include a variety of allergic diseases nature.The term allergy is often applied as a synonym for allergic diseases, as an agent provocateur appears immunoglobulin E, but in some patients the level of immunoglobulin is normal, and then the disease is caused by other factors.Atopic dermatitis is considered to be the most common of all diseases vidovallergicheskih and often it is called infantile eczema.
Atopic dermatitis in infants
Onset of the disease accounts for the first six months, infants, and often continues throughout adulthood.In most cases of this disease are children under 1 year of age, usually in families with hereditary cases of allergic diseases.The incidence of atopic
Atopic dermatitis in infants can be caused not only by artificial feeding, and mother's milk, and the complexity of the treatment is the possible accession of allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma (occurring in the absence of timely adequate skilled care) and other diseases of allergic nature.
usually the basis of atopic dermatitis in infants is their genetic predisposition to develop allergic reactions.Factors that provoke disease advocate allergenic foods, constipation, over-drying of the skin, excessive sweating, skin contact with certain chemicals (household chemicals, detergents, etc.), Direct contact with indoor allergens and synthetic fibers.
Allergens received the body infants, act as a trigger in the development of atopic dermatitis.Medical research has shown that it is often disease provokes allergic to cow's milk protein, and the reaction to egg protein, soybean, cereal and fish cause allergies to a lesser extent, however, possible allergic reaction and mixed.
the following reasons for the development of atopic dermatitis in infants is unbalanced maternal nutrition during pregnancy and complications of pregnancy.Under a risk factor fall and those children whose parents are often overfeed their babies and they are sorted in weight.
major role in the occurrence of atopic dermatitis is given of the digestive tract in infants, since diseases such as intestinal dysbiosis, enterocolitis, gastritis, worm infestation and contribute to allergic diseases.
symptoms of atopic dermatitis in infants are rough cheeks, red buttocks, neuropsychiatric manifestations, tendency of the skin to dry, the occurrence of diaper rash, peeling the eyebrows and scalp.In the initial stage of the disease affects only the surface layers of the skin, which are easily treatable.However, in the absence of timely treatment of atopic dermatitis in infants progresses, getting a protracted course with the defeat of the new skin.The disease is aggravated new symptoms: blisters, sores, debilitating itching, redness extending to the limbs and trunk, the accession of the bacterial flora, as well as neuropsychiatric disorders.
How to cure allergies?Treatment atopicheskoko dermatitis in infants is often delayed in time as it is a difficult process.Methods of treatment of drug and non-drug.Consider a drug-free, associated with the misuse of food young moms and aims to eliminate food allergies.Treatment includes a revision with the doctor diet during lactation and the elimination of chronic constipation in women after childbirth.For the normalization of the regular chair women are advised to use products with lactulose, glycerin suppositories, observe sufficient drinking regime, to enrich the diet of dairy products and fiber.
Diet allergy bottle-fed baby include soya blend (Frisosoya, Bon-soy, soy Tuteli), and products from cow's milk is eliminated as an allergy to cow protein acts as a cause of illness.If the state does not change and is allergic to the mixture, the mixture is connected hydrolyser cow's milk proteins (Alfaro Nutramigen).In the event that the disease came at the time of introduction of complementary foods, it is likely that allergens are found in them, so the process of elimination (cereal, eggs, chicken, fish, etc.) Address the causes of allergic reactions.We pay more attention to a balanced diet, plentiful drink, prevention of constipation.Are excluded from the food allergies carbohydrates found in sweets.We pay attention to the environment stay the kid: the cool air, humidity 50%, in any case, not Kuta child to maintain cleanliness in the room, remove soft toys, animals, carpets, upholstered furniture, hot water all my toys.All laundry is washed by means of hypo-allergenic and after rinsing well, but my dishes without detergent.Clothing grudnichka should contain only natural fabrics (linen, cotton).Contact smokers relatives should be kept to a minimum with the child.
Childcare during the exacerbation of atopic dermatitis should be very careful, and include: daily bathing in the settled water, using herbs nettle, yarrow, burdock root, birch buds.Using neutral shampoo and soap have a maximum of two times per week.Each bathing completes tender promakivanie in the towel and hypoallergenic moisturizing agents.Well-proven lotion Excipial M, which include urea.During the day, the problem areas of the skin should not be in contact with water, and if necessary, use hypo-allergenic wet wipes.
Drug treatment of atopic dermatitis in infants involves the use of ointments and creams from allergies, is included in the steroid hormones of the adrenal cortex, as well as drugs, reducing inflammatory skin barrier (Excipial M).This lotion is administered to children in the second half of life.M Excipial effective against atopic dermatitis in infants and do not allow the disease to develop further.The lotion is applied to three times per day, and more often if necessary (and after water treatment).Severe atopic dermatitis in infants involves addition to the use of steroids and lotion Excipial M calcium supplements, antihistamines, antibiotics, immunomodulators, antigen-specific therapy.For removal of the neuro-psychological processes necessary for long walks, a full night and day of rest, a positive climate in the family, medical therapy and physiotherapy.
Atopic dermatitis in children - Causes
The causes of atopic dermatitis in children is hereditary factor, food allergens, exposure to chemicals, infections, extreme temperatures, stress, humidity.More than 10% of atopic dermatitis in children occurs on food allergens foods such as eggs, cow's milk, peanuts, and allergic reaction can be caused by house dust mites, pollen, mold spores.Atopic dermatitis in children is exacerbated in the summer, in the period of tension and high humidity.Irritation acts secondary cause of atopic dermatitis, causing a change in the structure of the skin.
80% of cases the disease is caused by a family history of the mother or both parents.During the very first years of life the baby atopic dermatitis appears due to the presence of his food allergies.The most common cause are the eggs, cow's milk protein, grains, fish and soy.The benefits of breastfeeding are known, however, to comply with hypoallergenic diet nursing mother needs.A special role is played by staphylococcus during atopic dermatitis in children, which is planted with 90% of the affected skin.
Atopic dermatitis in children - symptoms
are the following phase of atopic dermatitis in children: infant, child, adolescent and adult.
Infant form lasts up to two years and appears on the face, extensor surfaces of the extremities, covers the torso.The disease is characterized by skin dryness and crusting.The aggravation of the disease occurs at the moment of weaning and teething.
Children form lasting from 2 to 12 years, and appears as a skin rash on the flexor surfaces, including the elbow and popliteal fossa limbs and neck.This form is characterized by redness, lichenification, papules, erosion, cracks, plaques, scratches, scabs and swelling of the skin.Concerned about the cracks on the hands and soles.There hyperpigmentation century, aggravated because of scratching, there are characteristic folds under the eyes lower eyelid.
For the adult form, as well as for the teen, characterized by alternating periods of eruptions with the period of their absence.During the eruption increases affected area of face, neck, décolleté, wrists, hands and elbows pits.For adult atopic dermatitis is characterized by a strong rash flexor surfaces, neck, face, hands, fingers and feet.
But in any phase of atopic dermatitis characterized by dry skin, lichenification, itching, redness, peeling, rashes.
Atopic dermatitis in children is expressed in a vicious circle that starts with itching, followed by scratching, then the rash and itching.On the external signs of an allergic rash dermatitis different character.Allergic rash appears on the legs, arms, neck, armpits, and in those places where there is moisture.The rash is often accompanied by itching, especially at night, when the child sweats.Eruptions in atopic dermatitis in children for a long time do not go away, even with a hypoallergenic diet, and leave dark spots on the body.
Atopic dermatitis in children gradually disappear with age, which causes liver cell maturation.The degree of development of atopic dermatitis in children depends on the factor of the disease in the future asthma.
Atopic dermatitis in children - Treatment
How to treat and that includes the prevention of prickly heat?
First of all, avoid sweating, chafing child.This often changing diapers, wet clothes, maintain the necessary humidity and temperature up to 21 degrees, remove the oil cloth from under the sheet, swimming in a solution of potassium permanganate commit or infusion in succession.Places affected by a rash, lubricates baby cream, vegetable oil can be sterilized.
early stage of atopic dermatitis in children treated with the exception of the supply of those products that can cause allergies.It is also important to review your diet mother, if she is breastfeeding.Manifestations rash effectively lubricate the infusion of succession, or the infusion of bay leaves and large pimples processing green paint.
Atopic dermatitis in children is often a chronic disease and requires long-term treatment.It is effective in the treatment of a holistic approach: diet, elimination of food allergens, reduce inflammation and itching of the skin, preventing dryness, use preventive measures to the emergence of a secondary infection.Leading physicians in the treatment of atopic dermatitis appears dermatologist with an allergist.Enterosgel, smectite, sorbogel - it sorbents that will help in the fight against toxins from being absorbed from the intestine.
Atopic dermatitis in children - diet
treatment for the disease is easy to calculate the causes of atopic dermatitis.For example, provoked a rash of cherries, then, exclude from the diet of this berry.And so with respect to all food.Exclude from the menu in atopic dermatitis all red foods (vegetables, fruit, juice, fruit), citrus fruits, herbs, cereals, porridge, seafood.The diet must be respected fully and mother through breastfeeding.The diet in atopic dermatitis consists of a mandatory exclusion of eggs, cow's milk, preservatives, fried foods, emulsifiers, smoked meats, sauces, food additives, chocolate, carbonated beverages, honey, cocoa.Be sure to limit salt intake.
Once removed from the diet, food allergies, so once it becomes markedly improve the child's condition.
Recommended products for food: boiled beef is permitted;vegetables, cereals, vegetarian soups;olive oil and sunflower;boiled potatoes;kasha (buckwheat, rice, oats);milk products;cucumbers, parsley, fennel, baked apples, tea, sugar;bran or whole wheat bread;apple compote, bioyoghurts without additives, cottage cheese, yogurt.
Menu child with atopic dermatitis
breakfast: buckwheat porridge with a little butter 150 grams, whole wheat bread 80 grams, tea with sugar
Lunch: vegetable soup (potatoes, cabbage, onion, a tablespoon of vegetable oil, beef 50g), bread with bran 200 grams, stewed apples
Snack: bioyoghurt without additives 200 grams
Dinner: porridge with vegetable oil 250 grams puree of varieties of green apples with the sugar, 200 grams
Follow these rules: do not overfeedbaby, let him eat slowly and not in large chunks.