Circulatory system diseases // Neuroendocrine disease

Sugar-free diabetes

diabetes insipidus

diabetes insipidus diabetes insipidus - a rare endocrine disease that occurs as a result of absolute or relative deficiency of vasopressin (neirogipofizarnogo hormone) and developed debilitating urination (polyuria) and a strong thirst (polydipsia). Most often the disease occurs in young people of both sexes aged 17 - 25 years (but can occur at any age).

For information: vasopressin - antidiuretic hormone produced in the hypothalamus, accumulates in the pituitary gland and is responsible for the balance of fluids in the human body (the extracellular fluid part of blood, water, etc.)


most often diabetes insipidus developsby abnormalities of the pituitary gland, provoked malignant or benign metastatic tumors.Another possible cause of destructive processes in the pituitary gland are unsuccessfully performed surgery on the brain (every fifth case of diabetes insipidus).Also, the causes of occurrence include: chronic and acute infectious diseases, trauma (accidental or surgical), tumo

r;It was recorded vascular lesions of the pituitary - hypothalamic system.In some cases, the cause of occurrence can not be established, so that it stands out as a form of idiopathic diabetes insipidus.

addition to the acquired form in adults and congenital forms in children, diabetes may be kidney (nephrogenic), central and idiopathic


sudden appearance of abundant and frequent urination at which the daily amount of urine can vary from three to fifteenliters (sometimes up to 40 liters per day) and a strong thirst.There has been a decrease in Poteau - salivation, dry skin, seizures.Marked weight loss, anorexia, fatigue and irritability, disturbance of the proper functioning of the gastro - intestinal tract.Children are often lagging behind in the sexual and physical development.In men, a decrease in potency, and female menstrual cycle is disrupted.By limiting fluid intake, develop dehydration symptoms: headache , dryness of mucous membranes and skin, nausea and vomiting, blood clots, increasing the overall body temperature, collapse, mental disorders, tachycardia


diagnosis insipidusDiabetes is set based on the presence in a patient of polydipsia, polyuria (no pathologic changes in the urinary sediment at a relatively low density urine);when the sample with xerophagy no increase in the relative density of urine


treatment of diabetes insipidus is assigned depending on the form of the disease.When the central diabetes insipidus shows the assignment of hormone replacement therapy with synthetic vasopressin analogue - desmopressin or adiuretinom SD (administered intranasally twice daily).If the patient takes little urine (less than four liters per day), it is recommended that replenishing lost fluids.

When nephrogenic (kidney) form of diabetes insipidus is probably the most effective treatment is a combination of antidiuretic limiting daily salt intake (less than 2 oz.).

addition to medical treatment, diabetes insipidus patients must adhere to a diet that is to limit the consumption of salt and proteins, as well as the complete rejection of the use of alcoholic beverages.By contrast, in large quantities should eat vegetables, fruits and dairy products.To quench your thirst recommended the use of chilled fruit compotes and fruit drinks.

also in the treatment of diabetes insipidus are proven some recipes of traditional medicine (fees herbs), but they may be only a supplement to medical treatment, after prior agreement with your doctor - an endocrinologist.

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2. Diabetes

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