Postpartum depression in women - a disease that occurs in the first months after birth, and is characterized by changes in mental behavior caused by a variety of traumatic factors.Currently, this state is a huge problem for the public health (in the area rate of 15% of all women who gave birth). In clinical practice, post-partum women is seen as a determining factor in influencing the development of the baby in the early period.As shown by studies conducted on this issue, in children, due to the depression of mothers also found neurological disorders.Young mothers having unfounded fears about courting her child, which violates the psychological atmosphere of communication with the child.Doctors are sounding the alarm about the need for medical intervention in the dyad (mother - child).But how to cope with postpartum depression if it as a long-term current medical practice is not diagnosed.This is due to the fact that the disorder is not officially a clinical unit and trea
Postpartum depression symptoms
How long will postpartum depression depends on the woman, becausethe main feature is the reluctance of mothers to seek help from a sense of guilt arose due to lack of time.The feeling of anxiety and excessive weight, slowness and rejection of social contact, emotional outbursts, statements about refusal of the child and the birth of a child is very stressful, and thus provoking the situation for women.The list of features continuing frustration, isolation, and exhausting monotonous routine, lack of pleasure, traumatic events, complications during childbirth
Postpartum depression symptoms
Symptoms presented extreme pessimism, depressed mood, feelings of loneliness, anxiety, sadness, lack of strength, insomnia,violation of appetite, headache, ideas of self-abasement, a sense of panic, obsessive actions, palpitations, a feeling of dissatisfaction, the reactions of protest, complaining of fate, tearfulness, sadly, the perception of themselves a bad mother, a sense of shame and thoughts about the same.Studies show that mothers experience such symptoms tend to diseases in the future depressive character.The very same symptoms of the disease is stable for quite a long time
Postpartum depression causes
There are two groups of mothers who develop postpartum depressed:
- young mothers who know the lack of maternal feelings and had a protracted conflict with her own mother;
- young mothers who had previously transferred depression
The relationship between women's depressive state in the past, during pregnancy, postpartum sadness, alcohol abuse, depression among mothers of young mothers.It found a high percentage of postpartum depression among mothers under 18 years old.Low socio - economic status, negative life events and the lack of financial assistance is the cause of postpartum disorders (as well as the age after 40 years), the lack of vocational training, the passivity of the spouse, cessation of work before delivery, the separation of mother with a baby, death or birth of a disabled child
forms of postpartum depression
neurotic depression, characterized disfobiey, somatic complaints, feelings of sadness, crying, obsessive fears, fatigue, low self-esteem, sleep disorders.As we approach the moment of birth of a child is enhanced concern for disadvantaged previous birth
Major depressive disorder or clinical depression after childbirth is seen in 40% of women who were treated in a psychiatric hospital
melancholy with delusions, characterized by lethargy, ideasself-humiliation, loss of awareness of people, hallucinations.In most cases, this is the first episode of manic-depressive psychosis
Postpartum disorder neurotic components associated with the lack of labor in the family (husband, mom)
Postpartum depression treatment
How to get rid of postpartum depression if feel it coming?Big role social, psychological, interpersonal, and biological factors in the treatment.Given the fact that postpartum depression is not diagnosed and do not treat, and contact women who have given birth is high with experts on child care, it gives positive moments in the treatment of this disease.Very depressed postpartum is very similar to neurotic depression (fatigue, irritability).But to eliminate all postpartum disorders - yet it is important to diagnose this disease.After all, if not diagnosed, this disease will become chronic.You will see a woman reduced self-esteem, embrace a strong feeling of despair and helplessness.Mothers with low economic level of income postpartum depression becomes chronic and occurs more frequently than middle-class mothers.After delivery, many women experience a depressive episode, but only 3% percent receive qualified help.At the time of birth the woman gets, and then loses an imaginary baby.There comes a time physiology and appearance of the baby takes place simultaneously with the invasion of the spiritual experiences of a mother who takes care of the first signs of the baby.At this point, the mother needs help, attention, and it is important not to miss the beginning of the disease, which occurs unexpectedly.All attention is focused on the imaginary child, and a mother forget and do not allow the grief of the woman.And in the last trimester of pregnancy, a woman becomes passive while anxiety, hypersensitivity.And yet, how to deal with postpartum depression?
Treatment: psychological counseling, cognitive-behavioral therapy (establishing addictive behavior and attachment to the child), psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
From the offered methods of women prefer to cognitive therapy.
Medication includes antidepressants, all of which reduce the symptoms of depression.But before you start taking consult your doctor and pediatrician.To secure antidepressants include selective inhibitors and tricyclic
Postpartum Depression Prevention
support and assistance of the family can affect the prevention of disorder and postpartum support here is the dominant spouse.It is recommended that compulsory attendance of courses for future parents to strengthen the connection of mother and child.