bipolar depression or manic depression, as previously thought luminaries of medicine - it is a genetic disease characterized by acute affective state with mood swings and sleep disorders, hallucinations, nervous breakdowns, leading to disorientationand insanity .Bipolar disorder affects young people from 15 to 35 years, and a hundred people sick one
Causes of bipolar (manic) depression
reasons for such a complex disease genes act.This disease receive the family inheritance.There is another version of the origin of a manic disorder - neurochemical (due to the biochemical disturbances in the brain)
Symptoms of bipolar (manic) depression
The first thing you should pay attention to is the nature of the attacks, which are symptoms resemble acute or clinicaldepression with transitions to manic behavior (hyperactivity) with elements of euphoria.Quite simply: the two extreme states (grief and elevated emotional arousal) follow each other.Such mood swings are both short d
following features manic depression - the confusion of thought, the difficulty of perceiving the world and function in it.Those suffering from this depression have difficulties in performing their duties at work, different thoughts in depression clouded consciousness.Frequent exacerbation of depression can lead to suicidal outcome, so patients need compulsory hospitalization.Psychological help for depression from home is good, but take the help of medical services is still necessary.After all, if an acute form of manic behavior ignored and left untreated, can cause relapses with adverse outcomes
bipolar (manic) depression symptoms
sick man worried about feelings of worthlessness, helplessness, irritability, apathy, hopelessness, guilt, and in connection withthis sad and tearful mood rejection of entertainment activities, fanatical desire to commit suicide.A typical symptom of this disorder is the lack of appetite or increased desire for food is not passing fatigue, various forms of sleep disturbances, pain in the body of various origins, bowel problems (constipation)
bipolar (manic) depression treatment
Problematical treatment of bipolar depression is the difficulty in catching the transition from the state of the patient's depressive disorder in manic behavior, as well as the number of cycles endured disease.Treatment with antidepressants is conducted taking into account the symptoms of the disorder.If there are signs of ill classical depression (constant longing), the recommended drugs with stimulant and sedative effects (citalopram, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, venlafaxine).If changes have occurred, the increase treatment with imipramine and clomipramine.If
worried anxiety and concern, the prescribed sedative antidepressants (amitriptyline, mirtazapine, trazadon, mianserin).With the weakness, powerlessness, lack of motives and desires prescribe stimulants (imipramine, milnacipran, fluoxetine, moclobemide).Very well to combine antidepressants with mood stabilizers (mood stabilizers and antipsychotics).The most advanced are the antipsychotics quetiapine and olanzapine.At the moment, it produced a successful combination drug olanzapine plus fluoxetine.
in manic behavior appointed mood stabilizers (valproic acid, lithium, carbamazepine).From prevention to mood stabilizers are also used to stabilize mood.During the course of the disease bystrotsiklicheskogo prescribed atypical antipsychotics (aripiprazole, clozapine).
More articles on the topic:
1. manic - depressive psychosis 2. Postpartum depression