Anorexia nervosa - a breakdown of meals aimed at reducing weight, induce vomiting or supported by the patient taking laxatives as well as diuretics.In cases there is panic and fear of weight gain and the wild fear of obesity.Patients with anorexia nervosa distorted perceive its reflection in the mirror.
behavior of patients with anorexia nervosa copies the behavior of patients with bulimia nervosa.These two diseases combines long fast, in consequence of which should be uncontrolled consumption of food and then get rid of the artificial write.Long-term hunger strike, anorexia nervosa leads to depletion cause metabolic and neuroendocrine disorders.Patients with anorexia women complain of amenorrhea, men decreased libido.For severe anorexia nervosa is characterized by a lack of potassium, dehydration, in violation of the tissues of the body acid-base balance.The effects of anorexia is pronounced endocrine, somatic, electrolyte changes that may result if left untreated is fatal.
Causes of anorexia
- genetic predisposition
- psychological (influence of family and intrapersonal conflicts)
- social(influence of environment)
As well as aggravating and contributing to the development of anorexia nervosa biological factor, comprising zinc deficiency and serotonin
Anorexia nervosa symptoms
- denial anorexic problems
- feeling of fullness in its absence
-breach meal (standing, crushing the food into smaller portions)
- violation and sleep disorders
- fear of obesity
- depressive symptoms
- unfounded anger and heightened resentment
- passion for cooking, but the refusal toparticipate in their own meal
- interest in the various diets and vegetarianism
- the rejection of the celebrations of family, feast mass
- frequent and time-consuming visits to the bathroom
- enhanced physical training away from home
Anorexia nervosa symptoms
- menstrual problems
- cardiac arrhythmia
- muscle weakness and spasms
- low self-esteem
stages of anorexia
Dismorfomanicheskaya , where the prevailing thought of the oppressed need to improve due to the imaginary fullness.Typically restless behavior, depressed mood, viewing themselves in the mirror, searching for the ideal diet.
anorectic , occurring against the backdrop of prolonged fasting.Characteristically weight reduction of up to 20 percent and a desire for further weight loss.The behavior of the patient's family makes you wonder about the constant refusal to join the meal, as well as on the excessive exercise.The patient with anorexia in the body decreases the amount of circulating fluid, leading to hypotension and bradycardia.Deteriorating condition of the skin, there is chilliness, stop the menstrual cycle in women and disappears libido in men.Developing adrenal insufficiency and is complete loss of appetite.
cachectic , characterized by the degeneration of the irreversibility of the internal organs.This step comes after half a year after the disease.Weight loss reaches half of the original, broken water - electrolyte balance, there is reduction in potassium and irreversible of all systems of the body, leading to death
How to prevent anorexia
This question bothers many in the detection of signs and symptoms describedabove.You must pull yourself together and try to understand the causes of what is happening.Find out the reason - are starting to eliminate patiently, quietly, connecting, if necessary, trained professionals.
ill anorexia Explain that the consequences of this horrible disease.The patient does not want to listen to you - enclose unnoticed magazine with known affected individuals about anorexia
consequences of anorexia
- disorders of the cardio - vascular system
- hungry fainting, and numerous bruises
- various changes in the skin and nails
- diseases of the digestive tract, chronic constipation
- disorders of the endocrine system
- osteoporosis and frequent bone fractures
- obsessive-compulsive disorder
How to treat anorexia?Ask questions worried sick relatives.It should be remembered that it is very dangerous for health is self-hormonal drugs.Compulsory treatment is also positive results will not.Victims of anorexia should understand how important it is to stop the disease and start treatment in time.All treatment focuses on behavioral anorexia (weight gain), cognitive (correction of the distorted perception of themselves as fat), family therapy (correction of family relations) and the improvement of physical condition.
of drugs used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa:
- cyproheptadine (contributes to weight gain, acting as an antidepressant)
- hlorpromazan or olanzapine (to weaken the excited state)
- fluoxetine (to reduce the recurrence of food behavior)
It is important in the treatment of anorexia compliance with bed rest and nutritional therapy (gradual increase in calories in the daily diet).Improving the condition of the patient may alternate with relapses and the appearance of anorexia have progressive weakness and renunciation of the usual activities is an indication for hospitalization.
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