dermatitis - is a group of inflammatory diseases of the skin, which occurs under the influence of irritating or sensitizing effect of exogenous stimuli. exogenous stimuli are chemical and physical nature.In addition, exogenous (external) stimuli conditionally divided into unconditional and conditional.Unconditioned stimulus at a specific power and a certain time of exposure contributes to the development of dermatitis every person, for example, burns received as a result of acids and alkalis, as well as high temperature, radiation, etc.
dermatitis causes and symptoms
Dermatitis of the skin that have developed under the influence of unconditioned stimuli, are simple forms or contact dermatitis.Conditioned stimuli act only in the presence of suggesting to the moment.Because these dermatitis are only at specific individuals who have an increased sensitization to the specific stimulus.They begin their development after repeated lesions on the skin irritants over a specific period o
simple dermatitis, or it is also called the artificial, characterized by the appearance of lesions exclusively in the area of exposure and lack of irritating factor rasprostranitelnogo process over its entire periphery.It appears on the skin swelling, redness, and sometimes blisters, crusts and ulcers.Subjectively, patients feel burning and soreness in the affected skin.Irritable substances can be either mechanical (diaper rash, abrasions, callus) and physical (burns, Chilblains, frostbite).Effect on the skin to ultraviolet rays can cause acute and chronic dermatitis.Different types of ionizing radiation to the action (neutron radiation, X-rays, etc.) also contributes to the appearance of acute and chronic radiation dermatitis character.
dermatitis dry skin occurs usually in patients with atopic dermatitis.They often have dry skin, sometimes even very pronounced, with cracks and peeling.The epidermis is composed of such cells are connected to each other by means of a cementing substance, its composition may include lipids: ceramides, essential fatty acids, and so on. N. Ceramides are the main cells that retain moisture in the skin.In patients with atopic dermatitis found reduced levels of ceramides in the horny layer as the affected and unaffected skin.
hydrolipidic film that covers the surface of the skin, prevents the development of bacteria, it also prevents the loss of moisture and allows the skin surface to carry out the skin secretion of fat.If you violate it, the skin cells are unrelated, which allows bacteria to penetrate and allergens into the deeper layers of the skin.It thins as intercellular cement: lipid deficiency leads to changes in the barrier function of the skin, and violation of lipid structures - its dryness.
hand dermatitis appears as an inflammatory process that began on the skin after contact with certain exogenous and endogenous factors.For example, when exposed to heat, cold, radiation, sunlight, electric current.
for chronic dermatitis on the skin of hands is characterized by the occurrence of lichenification - thickening of the skin with increasing drawing and peeling.But often, this process is the emergence of an allergic nature.
dermatitis feet is also one of their varieties of dermatitis, which is characterized by symptoms such as itching, flaking of the skin on the legs, on the appearance of inflamed areas weeping scabs and cracks.The legs are very often subject to a simple dermatitis, which can be acute or chronic.
The causes of dermatitis on the skin of the feet may be submitted by a variety of factors: the weakening of the body's endocrine system and nervous disorders, and infections, and allergies.But the exact cause of the alarm can be set only after consulting a specialist.
itself dermatitis is inflammation and the body's response to exogenous stimuli.The same happens with the mechanism of the development of dermatitis on the scalp.Determine dermatitis of the scalp often as seborrheic due to the fact that this dermatitis usually affects the scalp and face.With the same frequency as that developed males and in females, and adolescents susceptible to the development of dermatitis of the scalp due to restructuring (hormone) in the body during puberty.
In general, treatment of dermatitis of the scalp is obliged to appoint a dermatologist, but is considered a prerequisite for consultation trihologa - a professional who specializes in the structure of the hair and scalp.The main principles of therapy are based on removing irritating factors that cause dermatitis of the scalp, medication, antihistamine group, subject correctly selected diet with the exception of products that can cause allergic reactions.In severe cases, the lesions may require hospitalization.
Every once faced with dandruff.As a rule, distinguish oily seborrhea and dry seborrhea.When dermatitis of the scalp changes quality and quantity of sebum, which is released by the sebaceous glands.For oily seborrhea skin secretion of fat increases, dry - is reduced, which results in increased sensitization of the scalp and a burning sensation and dryness.
treatment of dermatitis of the scalp is achieved in the course of complex therapy.But it so happens that the dermatitis of the scalp remains unnoticed by the patient, as it does not attract much attention.Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp can go into an acute form of dermatitis, the so-called eczema, because the therapy should be initiated, the sooner the better, and it can eliminate the symptoms and also lead to a full recovery.Treatment dermatitis of the scalp is to use special means cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations and their ingestion.
In therapy of dermatitis of the scalp well help detox diet and physiotherapy to help restore natural alkaline balance of the skin of the head and cleanse the body of toxins.Increasingly popular are such treatments dermatitis of the scalp as detox the skin, using peelings fotoessentsialnyh.Very effective treatments - mesotherapy and plazmoliffting.
dermatitis skin often cause much more concern than dermatitis in other areas of the body.
seborrheic dermatitis skin is characterized by impaired metabolism of fat in the skin, this form of seborrhea can be dry, oily and combination.Typically, these symptoms begin at the age of puberty.The appearance of dermatitis skin contribute to nerve disorders, poor personal hygiene, errors in diet, improper care.When seborrhea oily facial skin may appear shiny, oily with enlarged pores.Increased ambient temperature, overvoltage mental or physical work contribute to the strengthening of sebum.Often, when dermatitis skin oily seborrhea may appear acne, they can also become inflamed accession infection.
When dermatitis skin when dry seborrhea, the allocation of skin fat, by contrast, is insufficient.On the face of acne can appear as black spots (comedones), which can clog pores, causing skin gradually thickens and healthy color is lost.Dermatitis skin when mixed seborrhea is a combination of dry and oily seborrhea on the same areas of the skin.
When seborrheic dermatitis skin form is assigned to a diet with restriction of simple carbohydrates (prohibited confectionery, bakery and chocolate), salt and fat.They may also appoint a complex of vitamins and sedatives.In addition, an important considered proper skin care of the face, it is also part of the treatment of dermatitis skin.Can recommend a mask of egg yolk with oil.Medicinal creams are widely used drug Radevit, which contains vitamins A and D can also be assigned at the discretion of hormonal agents.
dermatitis skin allergic nature is possible in contact with Makeup (alkalis, acids, oils), with the means of chemicals (paints, varnishes, solvents), at extreme temperatures of air.In addition, often the cause of dermatitis skin are broad spectrum antibiotics, iodine, certain plants (poplar, ragweed).This process is usually accompanied by redness, burning, itching, pain and puffiness.In some severe cases, blisters may appear later joined by a secondary infection with the formation of pustules.
allergic dermatitis, in contrast to ordinary eczema may pass quickly after the removal of the cause of the disease, because it is considered important as soon as possible to eliminate.Recommend: excessive drinking, in some cases, a laxative, to accelerate the excretion of allergens.A prerequisite is considered the purpose and technique of antihistamines - Tavegil, Citrine, etc. Suprastin
on inflamed skin cooling compresses are applied, zinc ointments and hormone creams (corticosteroids).If you have ulcers prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics by mouth (JUnidoks Soljutab, Klatsid, Sumamed) and broad-spectrum antibiotics topically (Zener).Diet for dermatitis skin, particularly dairy plant.
deliverance from contact with the irritant is considered a major milestone in the treatment of dermatitis skin.In allergic dermatitis skin using antihistamines and desensitizing agents.Salicylic and boric Vaseline indicated for dry skin of hands at a dermatitis.Also, do not be amiss to use Topikrem cream that has moisturizing and wound-healing effect.Treatment with corticosteroid ointment - when erythema;compresses with disinfectant substances to be applied also in the bullous - vesicular rashes or redness and swelling when pronounced.
The hospital can provide treatment of necrotizing skin dermatitis, where, in addition to creams that contain epithelizing, disinfectants and enhancing the growth of granulation active agents, appoint non-specific stimulation of the overall (autohemotherapy, blood transfusion, and others.).
treatment of dermatitis skin abrasions as is the use of neutral ointments or ointments with corticosteroids.Typically, they are used in the inflammation and redness.If erythema and clearly marked edema of the skin applied wet-drying bandages and compresses with herbal solutions (chamomile, calendula, sage, oak bark).When the development of bubbles and their pierced after treatment with an alcohol and the alcohol is then treated with a solution of an aniline dye.
treatment of dermatitis of the skin in the form perfrigeration.Apply 1 ml injection intramuscularly 3% Thiamine bromide;Niacin - orally.Apply warm compresses to the further rubbing ointments.
treatment of dermatitis skin from ultra-violet radiation is presented in the form of intramuscular administration of a 10% solution of calcium gluconate, nicotinic acid and delagil, ointments with corticosteroids - externally.Especially this therapy is indicated for those patients who have a photosensitivity.Persons who may have to sunlight overly sensitive skin, it is recommended to use photoprotective creams.
the treatment of radiation dermatitis of the skin is usually considerable difficulties.Therefore, treatment of acute and chronic radiation injuries of the skin is carried out in a specialized hospital hospital.
treatment of dermatitis due to burns from plants and herbs is to puncture bubbles and lubrication of tire alcoholic solution of the aniline dye and ointments that contain steroids.