Circulatory system diseases // Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract



bulbit photo Bulba - a kind of duodenitis.If duodenitis is involved in the inflammation process immediately adjacent part of the duodenum to the stomach.Bulba - an inflammation of the bulbs directly 12ti duodenum.Bulb opens in excretory ducts of the gallbladder, pancreas.It gets the contents of the stomach.It immediately neutralized.It also begins to produce digestive enzymes.

Often the disease is accompanied by gastritis.Gastritis - an inflammation of the gastric mucosa and has similar symptoms to him.That's why in gastroenterology use a term such as "stomach Bulba".

bulbita There are several types: erosive bulbit, catarrhal bulbit, surface bulbit, acute and chronic bulbit bulbit.

Bulba reasons

reasons for the development of bulbita may be several.In the duodenum there bryzzheyki, but there are cases where fetal bryzzheyka saved.Then too, the mobile intestine, thereby forming additional loops.This causes them to jam in the part of the food mass flowing through 12perstnuyu intestine.As a resu

lt, favorable conditions for the growth of bacteria that inhabit the intestine.And it is worth to some unfavorable factors (acute and fatty foods, alcoholic beverages) trigger the rapid growth of these bacteria as a starting bulbit duodenum.

addition improperly positioned intestine relative to the axis of the body and over its mobility, there is the relationship of gastritis and gastric bulbita.

Gastritis is also a provocateur bulbita.Gastritis is produced, as a rule, a large amount of hydrochloric acid, which can be thrown into the duodenum.Formed surface bulbit.Generally, because of this there is then erosive gastritis.

Note that helminthic disease, giardiasis and Crohn's disease are also important in the formation of inflammatory bowel 12tiperstnoy.But it often becomes a chronic form of the disease.

Injuries gastrointestinal reception irritating foods, alcoholic beverages and certain medications may trigger an acute bulbit as duodenal mucosa is very sensitive to this kind of influence on it.

also proved that Helicobacter pilory contributes to inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, which leads to a significant change in the acidity of ph-content bulbs.Thereby fails digestive process, because of which develops irritation, then inflammation.Result - catarrhal bulbit .

According to scientists, genetic predisposition also has a role in causing bulbita duodenum.

Bulba symptoms

This disease may occur with different symptoms and over.It can occur as a inconspicuous symptoms, or may in the acute form.

Bulba In acute gastric and duodenal ulcer pain can be strong enough, can be accompanied by nausea and repeated vomiting, sometimes with bile.In the mouth may feel bitter taste.Provoking such bulbita often the abuse of drugs or after severe poisoning.This can be explained by the fact that the composition of the tablets always contains a chemical compound that is a strong irritant to the mucous membrane.

Acute bulbit can also be confused with a bout of gastroenteritis or acute pancreatitis, in which the characteristic cramping epigastric pain or zoster character.

Catarrhal and bulbit chronic duodenal ulcer is characterized by aching, arching pain "in his stomach."Sometimes they can give to the right upper quadrant or in the navel.Typically, slack pain, usually triggered by poor diet, for example, after a heavy meal, usually after about two hours after a meal.Sometimes these symptoms may be accompanied by nausea not strong, but without retching.For these kinds of bulbita characteristic for long-term, in the form of seasonal exacerbations.

Erosive bulbit manifested by pain of varying intensity.They can occur at different times of day.There may also arise from hunger - the so-called "hunger pains".At the same time, they are practically permanent.When erosive Bulba can be complications of bleeding, which is accompanied by severe pain, persistent vomiting, bloody, general malaise, fever and headaches.In a patient with such an attack may be a state of shock.

In connection with the violation of motor and secretory functions of the gut 12tiperstnoy its contents periodically thrown into the stomach.As a result, there is heartburn, regurgitation of bitter with the phenomena.

Diagnostics of any kind bulbita is easy.It includes fibrogastroduodenoscopy, X stomach, gastric juice study.In some cases, resorted to probing.

Bulba treatment

When the attack bulbita advisable to immediately take antacids (Gastal, Reni, Maalox, and so on.).But it is temporary relief.An important factor in the successful recovery is, of course, properly chosen tactic in treating certain types of bulbita.

Acute Bulba prescribed addition of antacids, analgesics (Nospanum, Baralgin, papaverine).These drugs help relieve pain attacks by relaxing smooth muscle tone.It is also advisable to appoint during the first days of the disease hunger, and later strict diet.It is best treatment of acute gastric bulbita carried out in a hospital environment, where you may need a gastric lavage to rule out poisoning.May also appoint a drip of saline to remove the symptoms of intoxication.There you will spend additional methods of inspection, when the results of which will be chosen the most profitable tactics bulbita treatment of acute duodenal ulcer.

In chronic and catarrhal Bulba prescribed antibiotic therapy, since this type of bulbita usually develops due to H. pylori infection.Antibiotics are prescribed based on susceptibility to them.It may be a certain group of antibiotics that act on the cell of the pathogen - amoxicillin, Vilprafen, Summamed De-nol, and others.Sometimes it may appoint metronidazole.But nowadays its effectiveness to potential "killers" Helicobacter contested.Also in this type of long-term diet bulbita appointed.In addition, you need to quit smoking.If possible, avoid stressful situations.You must refuse to accept all kinds of food additives, they can also be a precipitating factor for acute catarrhal and hronichekogo bulbita.Also in stressful situations during the treatment of this type of bulbita prescribed tranquilizers and sedatives.It should be understood and to be psychologically prepared for what will have to reconsider their way of life, as the treatment is complex and lengthy.

On the surface, and wound healing erosive bulbita prescribed drugs (metilarutsil) enveloping drugs in suspension that better encapsulates the gastric mucosa (antacid Maalox, Almagel, Reni and Atropine, Hofitol).Assign a mandatory prescriptions of hydrochloric acid blockers (omeprazole, Metiklopramid, ranitidine).It is one of the successful treatment of this kind bulbita as hydrochloric acid was cast on the affected area provokes the development of ulcers and erosions.The above products do not allow the acid being produced in excessive amounts, and threw in the damaged areas.Particularly effective in this regard Metiklopramid.It also relieves nausea, the cause of which is the increased activity 12tiperstnoy intestine.Also for complex effects on the digestive system can be used Wobenzym (broad-spectrum drugs, consisting of a set of enzymes and acids that are actively involved in the metabolism of many processes in our body), Essentiale (medication to improve liver function, which will be very susceptible to stress duringbulbita treatment).It will also be useful to physiotherapy and spa vacation.

Bulba diet

should also talk about diet during treatment bulbita.This is a very important factor on the road to recovery.

Proper nutrition is necessary for each person.It's good.But as a rule, it is impossible to monitor their diet, but most people do not know what the proper nutrition.Particularly it is important for a person suffering from inflammatory gastrointestinal disease.Diet - it's not just the identity of the products that are approved for use, as all diseases are individual, like every organism.

dietician together with the doctor-gastroenterologist will help to choose the right diet, which will have to adhere to for a sufficiently long period of time - about six months.And even if the symptoms have passed, still need to continue to adhere to the diet.

In acute bulbita important to immediately abandon irritate the products - coffee, strong tea, alcohol, spicy, smoked, salty and fatty foods.After all, they then began provoking element in the event of an attack.

In the first days after the attack need only eat liquid food.Since the food for such a patient should be easily digestible, and even a kind of "unloads".Subsequently, a prerequisite for treatment should be separate and split meals.Meals should be increased to six times per day.Food should always be in the form of heat.Table salt is limited to 5 grams a day, sugar - 50 grams.

the first week of the products are allowed to eat soft-boiled eggs, scrambled eggs, steamed mucous oatmeal, baked apples, chicken soup and fillet, stewed fruit and jelly, to four glasses of milk, dairy and cereals soups, meat and fish in a souffle.Bakery products are prohibited.

After two weeks of treatment it is possible to slightly increase the diet products to include white bread yesterday, crackers, cookies galetnoe, low-fat sour cream, butter, cottage cheese, fat-free, steam cutlets of pork, boiled veal, pasta.As for drinks, you can turn on until just tea, and the rather weak.And non-acidic fresh juices from fruits and vegetables.Nutritionists may also recommend the use of half an hour before eating olive oil in the amount of one tablespoon.So twice a day - in the morning and evening.It is well suppresses the secretion of gastric contents and helps in the treatment of disease.

Sample menu diet for one day at Bulba:


1. Scrambled eggs, steamed stuffed with carrots.

2. A glass of weak, lightly sweetened tea with milk.


1. Puree apples.

snack.11 hours 30 minutes

1. The broth from the hips

Lunch.12 hours 30 minutes

1. Soup with chicken meatballs.

2. Boiled rice with steam cutlet of veal.

3. Kissel.

Snack.15 hours

1. A glass compote

2. Crackers

Uzhin.17 hours 30 minutes

1. Carrot salad

2. Souffle fish.

3. Buckwheat.

second dinner.19 hours

1. Pudding of crackers with pear puree.

2. A glass of tea.

before bedtime.21 hours

1. A glass of milk.

important to remember that if you suddenly stop compliance with this diet, you can go back "full circle" and then have to start treatment again.It is also important to listen to the recommendations of experts.

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