rapid pulse - it's subjective perception and enhance the contractility of the heart rhythm, which can serve as provocateurs both physiological and pathological changes of the patient.Signs of increased heart rate occur when stimulation of the heart that occurs for various reasons.The most common cause of enhanced contractility of the heart muscle is increased psycho-emotional and physical activity, a rich meal.
remarkable is that even the expression increased heart rate is not always accompanied by the development of health problems of the patient.And at the same time a feeling of increased heart rate can provoke anxiety on the part of the patient, even with minimal increase in heart rate.In practice cardiologists based on standards, so the index increased heart rate is generally accepted heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute.
Not in all cases, rapid pulse is a sign of a serious heart disease.This applies to cases where the registration of the electrocardiogram stored at
attack increased heart rate can be both impulsive and permanent.In some cases, such episodes on their own levels, and in other cases, the patient requires immediate drug correction.
reasons rapid pulse
Among patients with short-term or permanent increased heart rate, make up the majority of adults, leading a sedentary lifestyle, in which there is a lack of compensatory possibilities of the heart muscle.Thus, this was not trained to perform the usual load of the heart to pump blood much more difficult, even with a minimum of physical activity.In this situation, a rapid pulse should be seen solely as a compensatory mechanism.
The elderly and children are more prone to the emergence of increased heart rate, due to the physiological characteristics of the organism.For example, in the neonatal period pulse frequency of 120-140 beats per minute it is not critical, and it is caused by the occurrence of intense progressive growth of all tissues and structures.One option is the physiological rapid heart rate during pregnancy, due to hormonal imbalance, psycho-emotional activity and in most cases does not require medication correction.
Thus, for the emergence of increased heart rate enough to influence both physiological and pathological mechanisms, so the primary task of the treating specialist is to determine the root cause of this condition and the elimination of modifiable risk factors.The main pathognomonic sign of pathological increased heart rate is that it occurs against the backdrop of well-being when the patient is at rest.
fever, quickens the pulse almost 90% of cases, is the most common cause of gain contractile activity of the heart.In addition, all diseases accompanied by the development of intoxication syndrome, in most cases, trigger heart palpitations.In the process
contractility and regularity of cardiac activity has a regulating effect electrolyte balance in the body, so even minimal impairment of elements such as calcium and magnesium can trigger heart palpitations.
symptoms of increased heart rate
most common cause of increased heart rate is a sinus tachycardia, or paroxysmal, which in addition to this symptom may occur in various other symptoms and syndromes.Debut sinus tachycardia seen the emergence of the patient's increased heart rate after the psycho-emotional overstimulation and exercise.After removing the provoking factor, dizziness and rapid pulse independently cropped.Clinical criteria rapid pulse, which occurs when sinus tachycardia, is the increase in the number of heart rate over 100 beats per minute.
extremely aggressive and unfavorable course different paroxysmal tachycardia, which is characterized by rapid pulse of 140-220 beats per minute.In addition to increased heart rate for a given patient's condition bothers dizziness, nausea, pain in the projection of the heart, general weakness.
In situations where increased heart rate is accompanied by loss of consciousness, sudden dizziness, darkening of vision, intense cardialgia, respiratory disorders, it is a question of paroxysmal tachycardia.
In the case where the patient's increased heart rate at the same time concerned about the appearance of fatigue, pallor and dryness of the skin, weakness, dizziness, your doctor should appoint a blood test in order to avoid anemia.
If the cause of increased heart rate appears pronounced intoxication syndrome, the patient has repeated vomiting and frequent stools, thirst, and progressive weakness.
increased heart rate under normal pressure
pulse Change in condition as compared to normal values it can signal a serious illness in humans.Rapid pulse on the background of unchanged blood pressure can be triggered by basic malnutrition, and at the same time signal of cardiovascular disease as arrhythmia requiring immediate medical intervention.
most often accompanied by increased heart rate so bright symptoms that do not observe the occurrence of this condition is not possible.Often, the first manifestations of increased heart rate is a severe disturbance of consciousness, after which the patient does not remember what happened.
In most cases, increased heart rate with no response of the cardiovascular system in respect of blood pressure is extremely short is compensatory and beneficial nature.The main physiological causes increased heart rate without changing the numbers of blood pressure should also include excessive food intake before bedtime, so the normalization of eating behavior in this situation is a prerequisite for the normalization of the pulse.
Pathological increased heart rate requiring greater attention from the attending physician, provoked strong prolonged stress, infectious diseases, chronic cardiac pathologies, diseases of the thyroid gland.
Rapid pulse, while maintaining normal blood pressure is naming "tachycardia", and can act as a short-term episode or harass a person permanently.In any case, even a short-term one-time episode of increased heart rate needs to conduct further investigation in the first place in order to avoid serious cardiac problems.Laboratory studies in this case is the routine analysis of blood and urine, determination of hormonal status.Also, the patient should perform an ultrasound scan of the heart and ECG recording.Only after a comprehensive quality inspection of the patient, the cardiologist can judge the feasibility and need for medical treatment.
as drugs, effectively eliminates increased heart rate without affecting the blood pressure commonly used sedatives (tincture of Leonurus, valerian, etc.).Also can be assigned to groups of drugs beta-blockers (bisoprolol in an initial dose of 1.25 mg daily), if necessary, the daily dosage can be increased or the therapy should be combined with sedative drugs (Adaptol 1 tablet 1 per day).
as adjunctive therapy in this case must be considered various methods of psychological correction, the effect of which is aimed at a rapid relaxation of the body.
increased heart rate at low pressure
in routine primary objective examination of the doctor of any specialty must perform the measurement of blood pressure and pulse rate, because these indicators are often altered in diseases that require immediate correction.
The indicator heart rate affects both the health of the patient, the level of his psychological and emotional activity and environmental criteria in the form of temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity.
indicator of increased heart rate is to increase the heart rate of not less than 20%.So the value for the average healthy person is the level of more than 100 beats per minute.
Very often, doctors are faced with situations where a patient has simultaneously increased heart rate and lowering blood pressure numbers.Such a situation is typical for most patients in a state of shock of anaphylaxis, toxic damage, myocardial infarction, abundant hemorrhage.
most frequent pathological condition in which the patient has an increased heart rate against the backdrop of moderately pronounced reduction in blood pressure is cardiopsychoneurosis.This pathology is characterized by a tendency to crisis course in which a person has been severe weakness, pale skin, dizziness, decreased numbers of blood pressure and increased heart rate.
physiological causes of increased heart rate against the background of low numbers of blood pressure is a hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, which is marked vasoconstrictor effect of progesterone and a simultaneous increase in circulating blood volume.
During the episode increased heart rate and low blood pressure patients feel a sharp discomfort in the chest, moderately severe pain in the projection of the heart, throbbing headache, agitation.
In determining the tactics of treatment of a patient suffering from frequent episodes of increased heart rate against the background of low blood pressure, is fundamental to eliminate a provoking factor.Thus, the available acute blood loss requires immediate stop conservative or operative methods.In the case of shock, which is the cause of increased heart rate and a sharp decline in blood pressure, in relation to the patient should apply all anti-shock measures, the effect of which is aimed at stabilizing the functions of vital organs.
treatment of pregnant women have to deal not only gynecologists and internists.A woman suffering from episodes of increased heart rate and lowering blood pressure, is obliged to observe polupostelny mode, a full night's sleep, the recommendation for the correction of eating behavior.In most cases, implementation of these recommendations has a good effect in the form of relief increased heart rate, and therefore there is no need to apply the medication.
as medical products should be used a number of combined actions that simultaneously slows heart rate and increased blood pressure (valokardin 20 drops orally under attack).
Rapid pulse at high pressure
surpassing gradient of blood pressure and heart rate occurs due to various reasons and each of these processes are regulated by different pathogenetic mechanisms, but in some situations any person can be simultaneously observed these conditions.
Among the causes of increased heart rate against the background of high blood pressure are priority: unusual for the body physical activity, psychomotor excitement.
When any physical activity, which manifests itself in varying degrees of intensity there is an active release of adrenaline, which is a stimulant for the gradient of blood pressure and for pulse.When physical activity was of short duration, after termination of self-normalized parameters as heart rate, blood pressure and intravascular.
Thus, not a short-term increase of the critical numbers of blood pressure and heart rate indicator with adequate physical activity opportunities organism considered solely as a compensatory mechanism.People accustomed to increased physical activity, different from the average person what they have is exercise heart rate and blood pressure numbers are always lower than normal.Upon termination of physical training this category of patients is the so-called risk of provoking cardiovascular complications manifested not only increased heart rate and pressure indicators, but also more difficult for the patient's health syndromes.
treatment increased heart rate
When choosing tactics of a patient having symptoms of palpitations, the first priority is to determine the feasibility of a cardiologist or another method of treatment.Not all situations, patients with rapid pulse are subject to hospitalization.To this end, cardiologists and neurologists developed clinical and instrumental criteria to determine the necessity of hospital treatment in each case.
These criteria are: increased heart rate long intensive nature, the occurrence of which is due to minimal exposure to a provoking factor, and sometimes alone, impulsive course of the disease with a tendency to relapse.
Note that the emergency measures, which involves prescribing for a racing pulse, are extremely short-term symptomatic.If we consider the long-term relief of increased heart rate, the great efforts of the doctor should be directed at eliminating the pathogenesis of this condition.Priority actions should be: modification of lifestyle, that is the complete elimination of bad habits, normalization of mental and emotional status, ensuring a good night's sleep.
In situations where increased heart rate is a compensatory reaction to physiological stimuli in the form of stress, physical stress, for its relief of patient compliance rather simple rules.The first patient to be adopted by a comfortable posture and applied a method of mental and emotional relaxation, such as psycho-correction in the form of systematic respiratory movements, self-hypnosis.
good effect against edema rapid pulse technique has breath during deep breath as possible.If done correctly, breathing exercises, signs of increased heart rate leveled within minutes.In addition, the patient should take a herbal preparation sedation, such as Valerian tincture 20 drops orally.
If rapid pulse is a pathological character and its appearance is due to any other available to the patient disease, treatment is a prerequisite for the use of a number of pathogenic agents, which include anti-arrhythmic drugs.The choice of antiarrhythmic drug pharmacological group depends primarily on the shape of cardiac rhythm disorders.Since in most cases, rapid pulse develops against the background of ventricular tachycardia, is the gold standard treatment for these patients is the appointment obzidan in a therapeutic dosage of 60 mg.In a situation where increased heart rate of the patient is toxic nature, necessarily need to remove the drug, quickens the pulse.
In some cases, the only reasonable way to relief pathogenesis increased heart rate is the use of surgical procedures (operational benefits cardiac surgery profile, thyroid resection or removal of a pheochromocytoma).