increased pulse - it is permanent or short-term increase in the absolute number of heartbeats.There is an increased heart rate as a compensatory reaction to the pathogenic effects of physiological factors, or as a sign of pathological changes of the heart .
Standard indicators pulse is strictly individual and depends on gender, age group, but there are beyond the normal rate, which does not exceed the rate of 90 beats per minute.Thus, to assert the presence of elevated heart rate in humans is only possible in the case of registration of his pulse more than 100 beats per minute.
In situations where increased heart rate is due to the presence of pathological changes in the myocardium of the heart, it is necessary in the short term to stop this state, as complications such abnormal heart rate can be extremely difficult even with a minimal increase in the frequency of myocardial contractions.
the most serious consequences of increased heart rate is an acute circulatory disorde
causes of increased heart rate
Among the possible etiological factors causing the development of increased heart rate in humans, unfortunately, the leading position occupied by various types of cardiac pathology.First of all atherosclerotic lesions of the vascular walls of the arteries of large and small caliber causes that hindered the promotion of blood vessels and increased compensatory developing arterial pulse.Pathological changes in valvular also negatively affects the activity of the heart, especially when aortic insufficiency in the short term developing pathologically increased heart rate.
dishormonal With regard to violations that are the background for the development of increased heart rate, should first consider the dysfunction of the thyroid gland, namely the increased production of hormones of the endocrine organ.This correlation is due to the fact that one of the functions of the thyroid gland is to regulate all metabolic processes in the body.
Long-term respiratory disorders that occur in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, also provoke the development of the pulse.When emphysematous lung lesions significantly disrupted the elasticity of the lung parenchyma, which negatively affects the process of normal circulation.To correct these hemodynamic heart is forced to "run compensatory mechanisms" in the form of increased heart rate.
Recently cardiologists noted an increase in the incidence of elevated heart rate in patients who use pills, quickens the pulse in high dosages.Pharmacological groups possessing these properties are: antidepressants, antiarrhythmic agents, diuretics such as Lasix, nitratsoderzhaschie, cardiac glycosides, and even decongestants from rhinitis (Naphthyzinum).
All of the above causes increased heart rate provoke long man, but there are a number of physiological conditions in which an increase in heart rate is relatively favorable short-term in nature.Such instigators high pulse must first include the use of stimulants in the form of coffee, tobacco, strong black tea.The mechanism of increasing the pulse in this case is mediated, as initially a person there is an increase in blood pressure, followed by compensatory increases heart rate.
increased psycho-emotional activity in the form of fear, stress is inevitably accompanied by the development of an increased heart rate.A similar condition can be triggered by exposure to the human body elevated ambient temperature, vitamin deficiency, increased physical activity, and electrolyte imbalance in the blood.
peculiarity of the physiological heart rate increase is that it is short-lived, and to eliminate it does not require any specific treatment techniques and need only to eliminate the root causes of the increased rate.
symptoms of increased heart rate
variety of clinical manifestations of increased heart rate due to the fact that the physiological or pathological condition can occur for various reasons.Sinus tachycardia or an increased physiological human pulse can almost do not bother, while as an increased heart rate caused by pathological changes in the heart, provokes vivid clinical symptoms.
In situations where increased heart rate is a constant continuous character, the person has a complaint to the feeling heart palpitations.In some cases, this sensation may be of such intense that the patient begins to disturb severe pain in the left side of the chest in the projection of his heart.
paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, which is the most common form of arrhythmia, is accompanied by increased heart rate, characterized by the development pathognomonic clinical symptoms during the attack in the form of a strong heart, a sense of heat throughout the body, dizziness, intense headache compressive nature.Typically, this symptom is the patient's psycho-emotional excitement and needs immediate medical correction.
Pregnant women at increased pulse noted the appearance of non-specific pain in the projection of the heart, sudden episodes of dizziness, prolonged throbbing headaches, respiratory disorders, low intensity.A specific manifestation of the increased heart rate among pregnant women is a propensity to short-term loss of consciousness and numbness of the skin on different parts of the body.
pediatric elevated heart rate is also a frequently reported condition and there is usually expressed in the hyperthermal syndrome.Manifestations of increased heart rate in this situation is a pain in the projection of the location of the heart contracts and stabbing character, dizziness and nausea, has nothing to do with eating.Symptoms listed above is more typical of the type of paroxysmal tachycardia attacks which may occur in children with infants.
in breast period seizures increased heart rate have such specific symptoms that the diagnosis of this condition does not cause difficulties for an experienced cardiologist.Objective evidence of increased heart rate in paroxysmal tachycardia in a child is increased convulsive readiness, brief loss of consciousness, expressed hyperhidrosis.
Currently, the diagnosis of elevated heart rate is possible even during fetal development by use of Doppler echocardiography.The emergence of increased heart rate of the fetus is the most prominent measure of hypoxic injury, and is the reason for hospitalization of a pregnant woman in profile office.These hemodynamic changes may be transient, but long for the increased heart rate during intrauterine hypoxia can cause severe complications of pregnancy, including fetal death at any stage of development.
increased heart rate under normal pressure
increased heart rate while maintaining normal blood pressure is a sign of tachycardia.Abnormal increase in heart rate in this situation is developing at the present state of human any "pathological background," a role which can act as a cardiac pathology, and other changes in the body, such as electrolyte disturbances.The development of the physiological heart rate increase on the background of normal blood pressure is usually observed at elevated psycho-emotional activity and is extremely short-lived.
Manifestations of increased heart rate, while maintaining a normal blood pressure is a feeling of enhanced cardiac contractility, a strong progressive weakness and inability to perform familiar exercise, dizziness, transient episodes of blackout and loss of consciousness.
In most situations, elevated pulse, are not accompanied by changes in the blood pressure within minutes docked own.In order to contribute to the normalization of heart rate, physical activity is necessary to minimize and eliminate the psycho-emotional arousal through the use of various methods of psychological correction (self-hypnosis, breathing exercises).
increased heart rate at an elevated pressure
increased heart rate that occurs with increasing numbers of blood pressure is the most common form of the condition and can wear as a pathological or physiological compensatory in nature.In the case of moderate increase in pulse pressure and indicators of the patient's complaints may be entirely absent, however, with continued during a person develops typical clinical symptoms of headache pulsating nature of varying degrees of intensity, progressive respiratory disorders, dizziness.
increased heart rate combined with high blood pressure can threaten not only the health but also the life of man, as this state creates conditions for the development of severe complications of cardiac and neurological (acute cerebrovascular accident, acute ventricular failure, cardiac asthma, suddenarrhythmogenic shock).
increased heart rate under reduced pressure
development increased heart rate due to low blood pressure is typical for young people age group and older patients neurocirculatory dystonia.Furthermore, increased heart rate during pregnancy most frequently occurs with a decrease in blood pressure numbers.With regard to the appearance of a sharp rise in heart rate and extremely low blood pressure is the most common cause of a large volume of blood loss and shock of various origins (cardiac, traumatic, anaphylactic, intoxication).
increased heart rate at low pressure is accompanied by non-specific clinical symptoms in the form of progressive shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue and constant pain of moderate severity in the head.
diagnose and treat patients with signs of increased heart rate against the backdrop of low pressure should deal with several specialists, namely, cardiologist, neurologist and endocrinologist, given the fact that this condition develops in various diseases.Those who have seen the development of increased heart rate simultaneously with a decrease in pressure, are required on a daily basis to monitor hemodynamic parameters with the help of an electronic device that measures blood pressure and pulse.
Selection of drug therapy at an elevated pulse in these patients is complicated by the fact that most drugs that reduce heart rate, provoking a concomitant decrease in the numbers of blood pressure, which is highly undesirable in this situation.An integral part of the therapy is the use of sedatives sedatives, subject to recommendations for their use.
Treating high pulse
In a situation where an increased heart rate occurred in the first person, it is indispensable to ensure a comprehensive examination of the patient to identify the causes of the condition and the tactics of its correction.Prior to the provision of skilled care emergency medicine physicians, a person is highly undesirable to use any pills from increased heart rate, but there is a wide range of non-specific measures necessary to facilitate the state.
These activities include: providing fresh air to the patient, the adoption of the horizontal position of the person and providing a complete physical and psycho-emotional rest.Regularly should be measured not only heart rate but also blood pressure, since these are the main criteria in the evaluation of the heart.
attack increased heart rate that occurs when exposed to physiological reasons, you can quickly cut short by massaging the carotid arteries, which the patient should be made more palpable movements side of the neck.
drug correction in respect of the increased heart rate in the selection of drugs should be based on existing indicators related changes in blood pressure.Thus, at an elevated pulse, combined with high numbers of blood pressure should once take the drug one of the following pharmacological groups: diuretics (furosemide at a dose of 40 mg orally), beta-blockers (Metoprolol 100 mg), calcium channel blockers (verapamil in unit30 mg).Drugs Information pharmacological categories have a rapid, but short-term effect in single dose, so after the attack heavily increased heart rate necessary to choose a long-term therapy to prevent the development of complications of cardiac profile.
Due to the fact that the increased activity of psycho-emotional person exacerbates the increased heart rate, an integral component of medical treatment for this condition is receiving sedatives such as Valerian tincture in a dose of 20 drops three times a day.Despite the fact that most of sedative drugs are made of plant-based, it should not be neglected recommendations on their use, as in the excessive entry of the active substance in the body may be a backlash in the form of a significant decrease heart rate and blood pressure.
In a situation where an increase of pulse triggered by pathological changes in the conduction system of the heart and is paroxysmal, cardiologists recommended for specific antiarrhythmic drug therapy, and in the absence of a positive effect of the use of methods of cardioversion.Last resort on the correction of increased heart rate is the implantation of an artificial pacemaker.
Treating high pulse by the use of traditional medicine is permissible only if the physiological form of tachycardia.Priority dosage form in this case are herbal extracts having a soothing effect.
prognosis for recovery of a person suffering from an increased heart rate, largely depends on the etiopathogenetic form of this disease.Pathologically increased heart rate, as a manifestation of violation of the regularity of the heart, as a rule, it is impossible to stop completely, so the main task of the physician is to normalize the overall health and minimize the risk of cardiovascular complications.Physiological increase in heart rate is extremely favorable course and prognosis of this condition is positive.
Increased heart rate - which doctor should contact ?In the presence of elevated heart rate should consult a doctor such as a cardiologist, a neurologist.