Many people interested in modern medicine, one way or another have heard the term "vegetative-vascular dystonia."Some do not consider it a disease state, and some - especially doctors - treat it with the utmost seriousness, as it occurs in adults and in children.
vascular dystonia (VVD below) - Modern medicine treats as a borderline between illness and health.IRR is often seen in teenagers, but can also develop in infancy.
In modern medicine, the essence of the IRR is usually regarded as a failure of controls or regulatory function of the autonomic nervous system in relation to the work of the organs and systems in the body, resulting in a violation of the vascular tone.It is important to correctly identify the symptoms in time, with the help of specialists to diagnose and treat this difficult condition, especially if vascular dystonia occurs in children. Content
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The medical literature used two names: the vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD) and the vegetative dystonia syndrome (IRS).Indicate they are one and the same state.
are the following causes of this condition:
Clinical manifestations of IRR are very diverse.Specific symptoms of this condition is not that often leads to a misconception parents manifestations of the syndrome are seen as signs of pathology of different organs and systems.
Cheerleaders parents against neurocirculatory dystonia is sometimes called the syndrome must be a manifestation of the child such indirect signs:
particularly important to attentive parents to young children are not always able to describe the discomfort caused and discomfort.
IRR can be primary (developed independently) or secondary, that is one of the manifestations of internal diseases - diabetes, kidney failure, nervous system -or (traumatic brain or spinal cord).Severity VSDzavisit the amount and severity of symptoms.
distinguish these types of VSD as cardioneurosis , which in children is manifested most often:
In the case of the predominance of symptoms of the respiratory system ( with respiratory neurosis ) in children is marked feeling short of breath, labored breath, frequent sighing, suddenshortness of breath.
part of the digestive system disturb spastic abdominal pain, dyspepsia, hiccups.Spasm of the esophagus may occur with pain in the chest, worse swallowing.Often children disturbed the flow of bile (biliary dyskinesia).
other variants of clinical manifestations of the IRR can be:
When depressed children complain of unpleasant sensations in the body, which they call pain.Such feelings are different in location, intensity and character - senestopatii - may occur from time to time, but most are repeated daily.Children sometimes describe it as a burning sensation, feeling cold, tingling, bursting;one day they stabbing, aching in another.These subjective sensations not related to the disease, although many of their parents may be so regarded.
For IRR characteristic vegetative crises (in mild they may not appear).Such an attack (panic attack) occurs suddenly and is developing very fast, within a few minutes.It is characterized by unpleasant sensations and reactions: there is "choking", palpitations, tremors, sweating, weakness in the limbs, numbness.
possible gait disturbance, hearing, speech and vision.It is characterized by a fear of death, fear for their health, feelings of hopelessness.Crisis may provoke physical and mental strain, hormonal changes.Some patients have a relationship crises meteorological (weather) changes.
Children may develop a neurosis because of fear of a repetition of the attack.This changes the behavior of the child and impairs his social adaptation.Some children may inadvertently blackmail their parents' poor health.
vegetative dystonia diagnosis is very difficult, since it is necessary to exclude a number of different diseases, which may be similar to symptoms.Parents have to:
Two methods of treatment: medical and drug-free, and the main method is non-pharmacological therapy.In some cases, treatment and observation of the child spends not only a pediatrician and a cardiologist, neurologist or neuropsychiatrist.
main components of non-pharmacological treatment:
Medicines used in case of severe vegetative dystonia.The aim of drug treatment is to restore the normal function of the nervous system.For this purpose, used nootropics: Pantogam, Cavinton, Cerebrolysin, Piracetam.These drugs improve the metabolic processes in the nerve cells and microcirculation in the brain.
applied and vitamins and minerals, especially B vitamins are important in pain sensations children prescribed antispasmodics (papaverine, no-spa).
Depending on the severity of psychosomatic reactions can be used tranquilizers or stimulants, antidepressants, neuroleptics: Bellataminal, Reksitin, amitriptyline and others. These drugs are prescribed only by a doctor, neuropsychiatrist.
widely used in the treatment of children and herbal medicine - herbal teas or infusions of herbs: sweet, ginseng, lemongrass, Siberian ginseng, licorice, golden root, devil, etc. Successfully used the drug "Kratal for Children", a part of which are extracts of motherwort and hawthorntaurine (amino acid).The drug has not only soothing, but also soft cardiotonic effects.
Medication courses do not have to be long to avoid the development of a child, depending on the medication.
Prevention IRR children is to provide for the child's healthy social, psychological and emotional living conditions and exclusion of all factors contributing to the development of the VSD.
vascular dystonia has a very diverse symptoms, simulating the pathology of various organs.Not all of the above symptoms are manifest in each child.Parents should not try to self-diagnose, let alone treat vegetovascular children.To normalize the child with VSD should strictly comply with all recommendations of the physician.
About VVD says neurologist, KAHatters:
The fact that such vascular dystonia, a popular talk on the second channel in the program "On the most important»: