What determines the color of the teeth?

Every morning we brush our teeth, look in the mirror and evaluate their appearance.Not all the people are satisfied with the natural color of teeth.Especially that fashion for sparkling white teeth and "Hollywood" smile firmly established in our everyday lives.TV screen white-toothed smile actors, artists and even news announcers and the reflection in the mirror shows us a very different picture.It saddens just want to whiten your teeth, put on artificial crown or anything else, just to meet the standards of beauty.But it is not so simple.The natural color of healthy teeth is determined by many factors: heredity, structure and thickness of the enamel, dentin, taking drugs during tooth formation, bad habits, and so on. D.


  • 1 What we eat and drink
  • 2 Violations tooth structure
  • 3 errors during dental treatment and possible complications
  • 4 Baby teeth
  • 5 Patient age

The food contains large amounts of natural (betalains, carotenoids, anthocyanins) and the artificial synthe

tic dyes (karmuazin, erythrosine, tartrazine, indigo carmine, etc.) that can be in contact with a tooth momentarily changing their color.The dyes penetrate into the surface layers of enamel or delayed bloom and with careful cleansing returns to its natural color.Examples of such products: strong black tea, coffee, red wine, juices, berries (blueberries, blackberries, cherries, black currants).Resins from cigarette smoke also settle rapidly on the tooth surface and attach them stable yellow-brown.Many aggressive contain artificial colors familiar to us all carbonated beverages, which are not only stained enamel and erode its chronic administration.The feeling soreness of the mouth in the mouth know anyone who ever drank Fanta, Coca-Cola or similar drinks.The only thing that can advise fans of gazirovok - after their admission to rinse your mouth with water or a drink from tubes.

During fetal development in emerging teeth affect:

appearance of white or yellow spots on the teeth is characteristic of diseases such as fluorosis and enamel hypoplasia.Even during the Bookmarks teeth on the body to excessive amounts of fluoride, coming from the water or food (developing fluorosis) or affected by the lack of calcium, needed to build a complete tooth enamel.Stress, toxemia, infections during pregnancy can lead to anomalies in the structure of the teeth of the child.Exposure to antibiotics tetracycline causes lesions with persistent changes in not only the color of the enamel, but also its topography - "tetracycline teeth" that are very difficult to treat.The presence of carious spots also changes the color of the teeth, ie. A. Over time in areas of the softened tissue is easily deposited plaque and food dyes.A special kind of oral bacteria can stain teeth or greenish brown color (chromogenic bacteria), and when there are cracks on the teeth erosion difficult hygiene quality of these areas, so they quickly change their color and become visible even to the patient.Some bacteria can react with metals released from dentures or dental amalgam fillings (iron, silver, mercury), as a result there are unpleasant sensations in the mouth, the taste can vary, and the teeth become gray, black, green, or blue color.When excessive intake of vitamin D in the mineralization of the enamel takes place properly and the teeth are formed areas as "zones" over-tighten the crown, and in congenital porphyria teeth become red-brown.

Even if the nature of the teeth have a beautiful snow-white color, with time sections or individual tooth enamel can change color.The patient noted a darkening of the tooth, and sometimes lose their natural luster enamel.This is true particularly for anterior teeth, t. To. The defect is caused in the area of ​​smiles and visible to others.What could be the cause:

addition of congenital disorders in the structure of the enamel and dentin, their thickness and density of the color of the tooth defines oral hygiene and the quality of treated teeth.The most typical localization - necks of the teeth (painted in yellow or brown) when congestion plaque in this area.Black "belt" around the necks of deciduous teeth may indicate a possible intestinal dysbiosis of the child, as well as helminthic invasion.To confirm the diagnosis carried out additional inspections.

Often a child is injured primary teeth at an early age, and after a few days or weeks the tooth darkens.It tells of the death of the pulp and the inner tissue staining.There is a special concept known even in the West - "Russian tooth" (aka rezortsinenny tooth).What does it mean?It has long been in dentistry Russian doctors use a special paste on the basis of resorcinol and formalin for mummification (decontamination) residues of the pulp in a tooth.This is important in the treatment of primary teeth when the doctor removes only a portion of the nerve of the tooth crown, and on the tissue in the roots of the therapeutic effect has this paste.Her left under permanent seal, but over time as a result of the toxic action of the tooth turns pink and brown.In the treatment of permanent teeth had also applied this paste when it is impossible to treat quality channels in the roots, when broken tool in the channel, or the anatomical structure of roots and canals in which it was difficult to handle.Side effects such pastes - not only staining of the tooth, but also its "bonding" with the bone (which complicates its removal in the future).The tooth becomes brittle, often chipped, fillings fall out, and when you try to remove it shatters like glass.

has long been known that with age, even strong and healthy enamel changes color.Teeth yellow, dyes accumulate in a long time.The enamel may be thin, and the yellow dentin more deeply lying shines through it.This physiological change the color of teeth.

must be remembered that the natural beauty of the teeth are not replaced by any bleaching.Any kind of such a procedure involves exposing the enamel aggressive means, whereby the fabric becomes more receptive to the dyes.Man again whitens teeth, and they are painted yellow, and even faster.It is a vicious circle.If you want to be perfect, "unreal white" teeth, then it is better to make artificial ceramic or filling material manufactured veneers ("lining" on the front surface of the teeth), or wear metal-ceramic crowns.But the structure of the teeth in such cases will be irrevocably damaged.Therefore, before chasing fashion and the doctor ordered a snow-white "Hollywood" smile, think about the health of their teeth and the price they have to pay for unjustified interference.Just in case, if the color of tooth enamel and the structure originally have disadvantages, because of which the patient feels discomfort, anxiety and embarrassment, it is reasonable to treat these defects, making the teeth at the same time natural, natural, smooth color.