August
12
19:53
Stomatology

Tooth sensitivity - Causes and Treatment

Hyperesthesia - tooth sensitivity to the effects of different irritants: sweet and sour, cold, hot or spicy.The pain occurs in the moment of impact of the stimulus on the surface of the teeth and quickly.This distinguishes hypersensitivity acute inflammatory disease pulp (nerve) at which pain persists for a long time (several minutes).A characteristic feature of high sensitivity can be a pain while brushing or go out and inhalation of cold air.This problem occurs in both adults and children, especially during puberty, when hormonal changes a child.Hypersensitivity can manifest itself as an independent syndrome is not associated with the development of other diseases, and to stand as a sign of underlying disease (periodontal disease, periodontal disease, infectious disease, endocrine disorders, and others.).

Content

  • 1 Reasons for sensitive reactions teeth
    • 1.1 The fragmented factors:
    • 1.2 Systemic factors:
  • 2 Classification hypersensitivity
    • 2.1 According to clinical manifestations:
  • 3 why teeth become sensitive?
  • 4 Treatment of dental hypersensitivity
    • 4.1 Desensitiziruyuschie toothpastes
    • 4.2 Medical gels, paints, foams
    • 4.3 electrophoresis (iontophoresis)
    • 4.4 Folk remedies for the treatment of sensitive teeth

underlying tissue - the enamel that protects teeth from the outside, and the dentine closest to the nerve (pulp).By the structure of dentin is similar to the bone, in its composition have dentinal tubules with microscopic liquid.They extend from the nerve cells lying in the pulp to enamel.The tubes are arranged processes of nerve cells, they transmit the pain impulse by the action of stimuli.This occurs when the result of the thinning of the enamel of different reasons.

Treatment should begin with the observance of certain rules of supply.By increasing the reaction of tooth enamel to sour, sweet, cold, such products should be avoided.Citrus fruits, fresh juices and sodas contain acids that attack the teeth.Avoid temperature extremes, such as hot coffee with ice cream.Crackers, nuts, seeds can cause cracks and chips on the surface of the teeth.Very useful for strengthening teeth foods rich in calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron (saltwater fish, seafood, milk, cheese, cottage cheese, liver).

To reduce the sensitivity of the enamel and dentin using various means.This can be a special tooth pastes, elixirs, gels, and foams, coatings, solutions and preparations for oral administration.Treatment of hypersensitivity should be comprehensive, including not only local effects on dental tissue.It is necessary to find out the cause of the pain, and if hypersensitivity is a symptom of another disease, first you need to treat it.

pastes use in the home is convenient for the patient.Daily during brushing it is carried out not only oral hygiene, but also has a curative effect on dental tissue.Examples of such pastes:

Healing paste to reduce hypersensitivity contain alkali (sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium and sodium), which binds water in the dentinal tubules, their cause dehydration and, as a consequence, reduced susceptibility to irritation.Apply the paste should be such courses several times a year, the frequency of which depends on the degree of sensitivity of the teeth.

Various companies have developed additional tools to combat hyperesthesia.Gels, foams and mousses can be used with Kappa putting their teeth before going to bed.This is particularly effective in systemic hypersensitivity.The solutions were used as a rinse several times a day, or they moistened cotton turundas balls, which means applied to the teeth.Varnishes form a protective film on the teeth after application, then it is not recommended to eat 30-40 minutes.All means should be used on a regular basis, in just a few days or even weeks becomes noticeably their therapeutic effect.

funds for the treatment of hypersensitivity can be used in the prevention of dental caries in children who have weak enamel.

It is a method of electrotherapy, in which the body of the patient affected by a constant or pulsed galvanic current with the drug substance.Applied for the treatment of hypersensitivity following means:

tooth hypersensitivity treatment should be carried out systematically and regularly.When the first symptoms should immediately start using pastes or other means, to follow a diet.Complicates the treatment of hypersensitivity presence of chronic diseases, against which revealed tenderness enamel, or taking medication.In such cases it is possible to influence the tooth tissue by local agents or delete the nerves in the teeth, where the pain is severe and local treatment does not help.As one of the options - to cover the teeth crowns.

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