Prostatitis - a difficult and very sensitive issue for any man, especially since many shy and afraid of the diagnosis, so postpone visit to the doctor.But we should remember that the earlier the treatment is started, the better the chance to achieve positive results and for many years to live a full life.Treatment of prostatitis requires a comprehensive approach to get rid of the symptoms of the disease and avoid complications, it is necessary to consult a doctor and not self-medicate. Content
Before you start to treat prostatitis, every man should be screened.This is necessary in order to establish the cause of illness and shape.Usually, diagnosis is straightforward at the urologist, so the likelihood of misdiagnosis and improper treatment destination is negligible.
Diagnostic procedures necessary for prostate, delivering some discomfort and discomfort to the patient, but without them, unfortunately, impossible.
After anamnesis and general examination urologist performs a digital rectal examination of the prostate gland secretion and capture for analysis.In the acute form of the disease, this procedure may not only cause patient discomfort and pain.The secret of the prostate is sent to the laboratory for analysis, which allows you to set the form of the disease (infection of the prostate or abacterial).If the biological material is detected pathogen, define its sensitivity to antibiotics, which greatly increases the effectiveness of treatment and may shorten its duration.
If necessary, manual research is complemented by ultrasound examination of the prostate gland, which allows you to visualize and pinpoint her condition.Prostate ultrasound can be performed in two ways: transabdominal (through the abdominal wall) and transrectal (through the rectum).
transabdominal method does not cause any discomfort to the patient, but it is considerably inferior to the information content of the second method.With this doctor can determine access parameters cancer, but to obtain data on the state of the prostate tissue is not possible.Nevertheless transabdominal method is used for diagnostic screening.
transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) prostate very informative method of examination, because the ultrasonic sensor is separated from the tissue of the prostate only an ampoule of the rectum.Thanks to modern devices, this procedure gives minimal discomfort to the patient, and the use of high-frequency transducers allows the physician to see even the smallest changes in the structure of the tissue of the prostate.
blood test for PSA (prostate-specific antigen)
Prostate antigen - the substance that is produced by the prostate, with an increase in its blood level physician may suspect prostate diseases including prostatitis.The normal value of PSA is considered to be 4 ng / ml.This blood test is not only a screening diagnostic method (recommended annually to take this analysis to men older than 50 years), but also helps the doctor assess the effectiveness of treatment of diseases of the prostate.
Treatment of acute prostatitis and acute exacerbation of chronic forms of the disease is carried out by similar schemes.With adequate therapy comes complete cure of acute prostatitis or achieved long-term remission in chronic disease.
Selection of drugs prescribed for the treatment of prostatitis, only a doctor, taking into account the results of analyzes.Incorrectly assigned antibiotic therapy can lead to the appearance of resistant pathogens causing prostatitis, to drugs, which significantly complicate further treatment and can facilitate the transition of acute prostatitis chronic.If the patient just prior to treatment of prostatitis take any antibiotics for other diseases, it is necessary for this to notify a doctor.
course of antibiotic treatment for prostatitis may last more than 2-3 weeks, but interrupt him in alleviating the symptoms of the disease can not, as to reduce the dose of the drug and designated to modify the schema of its reception.
detoxification therapy and receiving pain medication may be necessary in severe acute prostatitis.In such cases, treatment is carried out in a hospital.
Physiotherapy improves trophic tissue of the prostate and accelerate the healing process.Perhaps the use of the following methods of physiotherapy: transrectal microwave hyperthermia, diadynamophoresis, laser therapy, ultrasound phonophoresis.
rectal suppositories for the treatment of prostatitis are highly effective because they contain active ingredients come in the inflammation in the highest concentration.Candles may contain antispasmodic, antibacterial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory substances.Their use is often recommended by doctors for prevention of exacerbations of chronic prostatitis.
most popular rectal suppositories with propolis (Vitol, Prostopin, Propolis NAM) ihtiolovye buckthorn and candles, as well as suppositories, which contain peptides extracted from the prostate gland (Prostatilen).
This procedure is one of the most effective treatments for prostatitis.Thanks to her, accumulated in the prostate gland, the secret is squeezed out of it, and then on their own output through the urethra.In addition, prostate massage helps to improve blood supply to the tissues of the prostate, which increases the effectiveness of antibiotic and topical therapy.
Conducting prostate massage in a phase of acute inflammation is contraindicated, as this may lead to the spread of infection.The procedure is performed at calming acute inflammation.Unfortunately, this treatment delivers many patients physical and psychological discomfort, but not to abandon it still not worth it.
Immunity is necessary for each patient suffering from inflammatory diseases of the prostate.A good immune status of the body will help prevent the development of acute exacerbation of chronic forms of the disease.Patients are encouraged to strengthen the body's resistance to disease by using natural methods (hardening, physical activity in the open air), natural immunomodulators (lemongrass, Echinacea, Siberian ginseng, ginseng) and synthetic multivitamin complexes (Biomax, Vitrum, komplivit et al.).
Surgical treatment of prostatitis may be necessary in rare cases, when an abscess of the prostate or strictures (narrowing) of the urethra.
addition to drug therapy for men who suffer from this disease, you need to change your lifestyle and eliminate factors that contribute to the development of acute or exacerbation of chronic prostatitis.It is necessary to avoid hypothermia, renounce the use of alcohol and lead sedentary lifestyles.Young men, sexually active, you should avoid infection with sexually transmitted, using barrier methods of contraception (condoms).
About how to prevent acute prostatitis program Elena Malysheva "Living healthy»: