August
12
19:53
Neuroscience

Vascular dystonia: Symptoms and Treatment

vascular dystonia (VVD, neurocirculatory dysfunction) - violation of the nervous system, which is characterized by a general state of health and a violation of the patient's condition.Dystonia disorders manifested in many organs and body systems.In most cases, IRR is found in children and adolescents (5-15 years), more about this in our separate article .

Content

  • 1 Symptoms
  • 2 Diagnostics
  • 3 Treatment of vascular dystonia

Most patients presented many different complaints.But in the complex examination of the patient is no change in the organs do not detect, because symptoms occur at deviations in the structure and functions of the autonomic nervous system.

The resulting symptoms depend on the type of vegetative disorders: sympathicotonia or vagotonia.

to patient characteristic fatigue, weakness, lethargy, sleep disorders by type of insomnia or sleepiness, depressed mood.Also, the patient is showing signs of disorders of the various organ systems.From the side of nervous system dis

orders headaches, dizziness, fainting, and frequent temperature increase up to 37.5 C and above.Disturbances in the digestive tract presented abdominal pain, violation of the intestine.Cardio-vascular disorders are manifested by pain in the heart, increase or decrease in blood pressure, the appearance of a heart murmur.When violations occur in the respiratory system, breathing difficulties.Dyspnea at low loads.Signs of urinary tract disorders are frequent urination abundant, there is often a tendency to increase the number of urination during the night.

Symptoms of dystonia can be found at any age, but the disease often occurs in girls 7-8 years.

vascular dystonia may occur hidden, to have a constant flow or be in the form of attacks (vegetative crises).

Crises often occur at high emotional stress, mental and physical strain, for various infectious diseases.They may be long or short-term (from several minutes to several hours).

to the patient at home to put the diagnosis is not possible.

the clinic for diagnosis begin examination of the breach of which disturb the patient.It is advisable to conduct a survey to start decoding of clinical blood and urine tests.Then carry out various tests for detection of violations of the autonomic nervous system, electrocardiography, and echocardiography is performed to detect lesions of the heart, to detect violations in the respiratory system can hold a variety of respiratory tests for the detection of disorders in the digestive tract can be performed ultrasound of the abdomen.Also, to assess the function of the central nervous system it is advisable to conduct electroencephalography, echoencephalography.

also a special role in the diagnosis of vegetative - vascular dystonia pay family history of the disease.In the children's families often find vagotonics bronchial asthma, peptic ulcer, neurodermatitis, and in children with sympathicotonia - hypertension, diabetes.

When vegetative - vascular dystonia should be consulted many specialists such as a neurologist, ophthalmologist, endocrinologist, ENT doctor and sometimes a psychiatrist.

Almost all who have vascular dystonia, meteodependent: they often worsens the general condition by changing weather.The disease is often accompanied by a feeling of fear, panic, fear of death.

major factor in the development of the disease is a genetic predisposition, but if you follow the correct mode of work and rest, eat properly, you can avoid the development of the disease.For example, patients with vascular dystonia who have elevated blood pressure, it is necessary to limit the intake of salt, fried and fatty foods, flour products.Patients with low blood pressure need to limit your intake of foods rich in iodine, sodium and potassium.And the need to deal with physical inactivity, to a regime of sleep and wakefulness, to avoid fatigue and stress.

Treatment of the disease should be comprehensive, include the use of drugs, as well as adherence to rational regime of work and rest, moderate exercise, positive emotional state.

Preference is given to the treatment of diseases of non-drug therapies.The positive effect of providing therapeutic massage, acupuncture, hydrotherapy, physiotherapy techniques.

reduce symptoms of the disease can try using herbs, such as ginseng, Siberian ginseng, Rhaponticum, devil's, Aral, motherwort, hawthorn, valerian.

With the ineffectiveness of non-drug methods prescribed pharmaceuticals.These medications are selected individually for each patient, start with minimal doses and gradually adjusted to the desired concentration.Particular attention is paid to get rid of chronic foci of infection in the body, treatment of endocrine and other pathologies.

widely used to treat a variety of anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressants;agents promoting the restoration of normal blood supply to the brain;you need to take a variety of vitamins and minerals.

necessary to carry out continuous monitoring of patients with vascular dystonia, you need to examine them in the clinic 1 time in 3-6 months and more frequently, depending on the type and severity of the disease, and most carefully - in spring and autumn, and to appoint at this time Complextherapeutic measures.

With early detection and treatment of patients, as well as compliance with all recommendations of the preventive outlook favorable.With advanced disease, the formation of the pathology of various organs and systems, adversely affecting the quality of life of the patient, as well as leading to their social exclusion.