August
12
19:53
Pulmonology

Overview cough for adults

The problem of cough at least one or two times a year, facing each of us - from time to time they are suffering, we, our children, relatives and friends.Modern pharmacology offers us many tools to deal with this symptom.The mechanisms of action of these drugs are different, so inept use can lead to serious complications from the respiratory, nervous and other systems of the body.In this article you will learn which groups are divided drugs used to treat cough, what are the mechanisms of action, as well as get acquainted with the main representatives of each group.Let's start ...

Content

  • 1 Means stimulating expectoration, or expectorants
    • 1.1 combined expectorant drugs
  • 2 Funds contributes to liquefaction of sputum, or mucolytics
    • 2.1 Combinedthinning medication sputum
  • 3 of oppressive cough, or antitussives

All facilities used for the treatment of cough, divided into 3 major groups:

Mechanism of action: drugs of this group enhance the physiological activity of the ciliat

edthe airway epithelium and peristaltic (wavelike) motion bronchioles.This facilitates the movement of mucus from the lower respiratory tract in upper and its removal.In addition, expectorant drugs contribute to some increase in the secretion of the glands of the bronchi (t. E. Increasing the number of sputum) and reduce the viscosity of the latter.

expectorant drugs used in the productive (wet) cough to accelerate the elimination of phlegm in treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia and inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

active ingredient in this group are usually herbs.Method of production vary and include both tablet formulations and preparations in the form of syrups, suspensions, fees for the preparation of infusions and decoctions.

main representatives of stimulating expectoration, are as follows:

Preparations of this group are able to break the peptide bonds of proteins and mucopolysaccharides disulfide bonds that make up the mucus that facilitates the transition of its structure from more viscous liquid.Another effect of mucolytics is the activation of the glands that produce mucous secretion, improving the function of the ciliated epithelium of bronchi, stimulation of synthesis and secretion of substances, prevents law decay of the most distant elements of the respiratory system - alveoli - lung surfactant.

Mucolytics are used for dry cough in order to convert it into a wet - productive.They are usually administered in combination with expectorant drugs, bronchodilators, antibiotics.

main means of contributing to the dilution of sputum, are listed below.

is used 0.75 g (1 tablespoon 5% syrup) 3 times a day or 1-2 capsules 2-3 times a day.Available in the form of the following drugs:

Preparations of this group are able to reduce the excitability of the cough center in the central nervous system, thus contributing to the suppression of cough.Shown in obsessive dry cough, is not accompanied by sputum: chronic respiratory diseases, laryngitis, whooping cough.

Some of antitussive drugs (narcotic analgesics) have a number of serious adverse reactions from the depression of the respiratory center to addiction to them (drug addiction), so a number of them is excluded from the range of medicines.Of the funds the group is currently in the treatment of cough and in some cases is only used codeine, produced in the form of powder and tablets to 0,015 g This tool is part of the combined drugs cough - "Terpinkod", "kodterpin", "Tablets Cough".

separate group of drugs are the non-narcotic antitussive drugs.They have no side effects of narcotic analgesics, do not cause addiction, but it is highly effective in reducing cough.

main representatives of a non-narcotic cough medicines are as follows:

There are a lot of drugs based on drugs that are described in this article - it is impossible to list them all.In addition, the reader should keep in mind that every drug has a number of contraindications and side effects, and therefore self can result in a disease more serious than just a cough.So do not feel your own body strength, appointing himself to the treatment, and when the first symptoms of the disease should consult a doctor.

doctor-pulmonologist Belevsky Andrew talks about media treatment of cough in adults in the program "Health»:

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