Toksokaroz - fairly widespread parasitic disease, which is registered in many countries worldwide.Toxocara cause disease - a parasite that is very similar to the human roundworm.According to the Ministry of Health, one in three children in Russia is ill this helminthiasis.
main source of infection for humans - are dogs, especially puppies, and sometimes cats.In humans, the eggs toxocara usually get in contact with contaminated soil or animal dander, which are helminth eggs.This explains the fact that the vast majority of cases recorded in children who become infected while playing in the sand or with street animals.Infection of adults is most often associated with their professional activities.Toxocariasis sick vets, excavators, breeders, workers utilities.Not excluded the possibility of infection by eating raw meat or after the heat treatment of low-quality.A sick person is not dangerous to others. Content
Manifestations of the disease depend on the public authorities localized pest infestation and how intense it.Usually identified two clinical forms of toxocariasis: ocular and visceral.
This recurrent form of the disease is manifested by fever, which can persist for several weeks and even months.Body temperature is usually not higher than 38C.In patients with swollen lymph nodes, and in severe cases, a total lymphadenopathy.Most cases of the visceral form of toxocariasis affects the respiratory system, which manifests itself in the form of bronchitis and bronchopneumonia.
The vast majority of patients there is an increase of the liver, and half of them still celebrated and enlargement of the spleen.Patients may complain of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.One-third of patients complaining about the appearance of erythematous skin rash (red spots), which periodically appear and disappear.
In the most severe cases toxocara affects the heart, causing myocarditis, and pancreas.When migrating larvae of the parasite in the central nervous system may develop paralysis, convulsions occur and seizures.Observe and behavioral problems: patients become irritable, hyperactive, may appear affects, impaired concentration, insomnia.
Ocular toxocariasis develops in the form of a small amount of infected larvae of the helminth.As a result, lesions may occur uveitis (inflammation of the choroid), endophthalmitis (inflammation of the inner eye purulent membranes), optic neuritis.Sometimes the vitreous eye observed migrating larvae.
only group for the treatment of toxocariasis is a group protivonematodoznyh means such as Vermoxum (mebendazole), Mintezola (thiabendazole), Ditrazina (Diethylcarbamazine).
Unfortunately, all of these agents have detrimental effect primarily on migrating larvae toxocara but badly affect the parasites are in the tissues and organs of the patient.The drug, the dose and duration of the course of treatment with a physician selected individually for each patient.In most cases one treatment is sufficient.
The effectiveness of treatment is estimated to improve the state of health of the patient and the results of laboratory blood tests.Typically, clinical disease regress faster than the advancing improvements in test results.
Prevention of toxocariasis should be carried out not only individually, but also using utilities and landscaping services.