May
19
23:01
Dermatology

Eczema - causes, symptoms and treatment

Quite a lot of people in my life have to meet with a skin disease like eczema.The disease is very unpleasant fact that it often manifests itself on the skin exposed areas of the body (hands, feet and face).The process is chronic, flowing with periods of remission and exacerbation.

Content

  • 1 Causes Eczema
  • 2 Symptoms of eczema
  • 3 Treatment of eczema
    • 3.1 General advice for people suffering from chronic eczema:
    • 3.2 Local treatment of eczema
    • 3.3 General treatment of eczema
      • 3.3.1 about how to treat eczema in the transmission Elena Malysheva "live healthy¬Ľ:

true causes of eczema so far has not been fully studied,but it is known that there are a number of factors that play an important role in the development of this disease.Eczema is divided into several types depending on whether the reason that led to its appearance:

Signs eczema differ depending on the type of disease and the stage of inflammation, but in general, they are similar.The main symptoms are typical for a

ny kind of eczema:

treatment of the disease dermatologist selected individually for each patient, taking into account the type of eczema, severity of symptoms of the inflammatory process, as well as the individual patient.

Treatment consists of removing the contact with irritating chemicals, organization of proper nutrition, elimination of itching of the skin, as well as a local impact on the affected area by means of ointments and creams.

eczema, accompanied by opening and weeping skin vesicles in the affected areas, the doctor may prescribe a lotion with antiseptic solutions (weak solution of potassium permanganate, 2% solution of boric acid).

main treatment is carried out hormonal ointments and creams containing corticosteroids.They contribute to the healing of wounds and skin fissures bubbles after opening, as well as helping to reduce the intensity of inflammation.Typically prescribed ointment Elokim Triderm, Advantan, Lokoid.You can not start the use of hormonal methods on their own, as they have side effects.

Topical calcineurin inhibitors (Pimecrolimus, Protopic) - recently introduced a group of non-hormonal drugs that have proven highly effective in the treatment of eczema.These drugs help reduce the itching and inflammation symptoms.

for the treatment of microbial eczema appointed antibacterial and antifungal agents.

To eliminate itching eczema usually prescribed allergy medications (Zyrtec, Claritin, Tavegil, Suprastin).

Systemic treatment of eczema may be appointed in severe disease, extensive skin lesions and absence of effect of topical treatment.Assigned corticosteroids (prednisolone, dexamethasone) in the form of injections or pellets and cytostatics (methotrexate, Cyclosporin A).

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