Acute heart failure: First aid

Heart failure is the leading cause of death in cardiovascular disease.Because ischemic heart disease, hypertension or valvular heart cavities lose their ability to contract synchronously.The pumping function of the heart is reduced.The result is that the heart ceases to supply the tissues and organs of oxygen and nutrients.Man waiting for a disability or death.


  • 1 Left ventricular congestive heart failure
    • 1.1 Symptoms
    • 1.2 First aid for acute heart failure left ventricular
  • 2 Right ventricular congestive heart failure
    • 2.1 First aid for acute heart failure right ventricular
  • 3 syndrome small cardiac output
    • 3.1 First aid before the arrival of the doctor
    • 3.2 Assistance in NICU

Acute heart failure(DOS) - is an acute clinical syndrome, which is caused by a violation of systolic and diastolic function of the ventricles of the heart, leading to a drop in cardiac output, an imbalance between the body's need for oxygen and its delivery and, as a consequence, orga
n dysfunction.

Clinically acute heart failure manifests itself in several different ways:

Left ventricular congestive heart failure occurs as a result of stagnation in the pulmonary circulation, which leads to disruption of gas exchange in the lungs.This is manifested cardiac asthma, characteristic features of which are:

patient to alleviate the condition takes a forced situation and sits with drooping legs.Later symptoms of stagnation in the small circle can grow and go to pulmonary edema.The patient appears cough with foam (sometimes with blood), bubbling breath.A person acquires a cyanotic shade, skin becomes cold and clammy, pulse spasmodic and slightly detectable.

Pulmonary edema - a medical emergency.First of all you should call an ambulance.

After hospitalization patients were further treatment:

With normal blood pressure prescribed nitrates (nitroglycerin preparations) and diuretics.With low blood pressure injected dopamine, dobutamine.

Right ventricular congestive heart failure manifested venous stasis in the systemic circulation.Most often it is seen as a result of pulmonary embolism (PE).

develops suddenly and manifests itself by the following features:

Before the arrival of the ambulance:

in ICU:

Cardiogenic shock is the result of myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, pericarditis, tension pneumothorax, hypovolemia.

manifested pain, blood pressure drop down to 0, PARTS thready pulse, pale skin, anuria, sleeping peripheral vessels.The flow may develop further pulmonary edema, renal failure.