August
12
19:53
Orthopedics and Traumatology

Osteoarthritis of the knee: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Most people experience pain in the knees.Why is this happening?Stifle person is predisposed to degenerative processes.He carries a heavy load, exposed to daily wear and tear, injury (during sports, in everyday life).

Osteoarthritis - a degenerative disease.Under load, especially if more disturbed metabolism, changed food cartilage covering the intraarticular bone surfaces.Cracks on cartilage, it is fragmented, destroyed, this is accompanied by inflammation.Gradually, if not treated, portions underlying bone cartilage loose cover, which leads to mechanical stimulation of bone, its sealing, occurrence of bone growths - osteophytes.All that a person feels pain, aggravated by stress on the joint, stiffness, limitation of movement.Osteoarthrosis patient becomes hard to walk, perform daily work.On radiographs observed uneven joint space narrowing, osteophytes and cysts.There's also a complete loss of articular cartilage, and accordingly, and immobilization of the joint.It is worth remembering that osteoarthri

tis - is not the accumulation of salts, as they say among the people, it is a destructive process that begins with cartilage.

Content

  • 1 symptoms of osteoarthritis and diagnostic tests
  • 2 diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee
  • 3 treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
  • 4 Conservative treatment
  • 5 Surgery
  • 6 Recommendations for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee in the home
  • 7 What not to do with osteoarthritis
  • 8 Risk factors and prevention of osteoarthritis of the knee
  • 9 Recommendations for prevention of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the knee is rarely found alone, it is often seen as a part of the deforming polyarthrosis when several joints of the body are affected.After 60 years and 25% of women suffer from this disease in older men polyarthrosis observed less frequently.But the knee joint may be ill and the young, active, people involved in sports.And if one is damaged knee joint is the second takes over the load and the cartilage it bursts, thinner, develops so-called transshipment arthrosis.

Osteoarthritis can be primary and secondary, which develops against the background of previous disease (rheumatoid arthritis, gout) or after injury, surgery on the joint.

This disease is not contagious, is not inherited, rather, can be obtained from the relatives of a predisposition to develop it.

Do not wait for clear signs of osteoarthritis, to start therapy.But in practice, most of the patients go to the doctor for the first time at the 2nd or 3rd step.To treat this disease much more effectively at an early stage.Remember her symptoms:

symptoms for which you need to immediately contact your doctor:

Osteoarthritis of the knee has been a podiatrist, but often the patient does not immediately get to the specialist, and arthrosis of the knee joint diagnoses therapist or surgeon.There is a need for at least a survey, the results of which can be sent to the orthopedist:

After clinical examination podiatrist may prescribe additional methods of diagnosis, if it sees fit.These include:

Osteoarthritis of the knee can not be cured completely, return the joint in a healthy state.But with the help of complex therapy it is possible to achieve stable remission.The goal of therapy - to slow down or stop the progression of the disease, improve the condition of the cartilage cover his food, restore range of motion in the joint.If arthrosis reached the 3rd or 4th stage, treatment is difficult, often addressed the issue of the operation.The most radical method of surgical treatment - joint replacement (arthroplasty).

Thus, treatment can be divided into two groups - conservative and operative.

Keep in mind that the key to successful treatment in its complexity and frequency.The ideal option - it is a combination of several methods of therapy and a course every six months, as well as some home treatments.

All these techniques are complementary and do not replace primary therapy prescribed by the doctor and possibly a medical institution.

Specific measures for the prevention of this disease does not exist, t. To. Arthrosis occurs for many reasons.There is no drug taking which you warn arthritis.First of all it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep in mind the risk factors of osteoarthritis:

Prevention of knee osteoarthritis should be addressed to all without exception, to keep them healthy as long as possible.