Chickenpox (people - chicken pox) - an acute infectious disease caused by a virus of the Herpesviridae family and is characterized by a special maculopapular, vesicular rash.The bulk of cases are children, but cases of disease are frequent in adults.Chickenpox usually a benign - complications occur in only 2% had been ill. Content
causative agent is a virus of the family Herpesviridae - Varicella Zoster.Once in the human body for the first time, it causes chickenpox and if the virus is unnoticed for a long time in the organism (it persists), exposed to some unfavorable factors, it is activated and causes the other unpleasant disease - herpes zoster.
virus that causes chickenpox, resistant to environmental influences - it is survival of the organism is no more than 10 minu
source of infection is a sick man.It becomes contagious 2-3 days before the rash elements and remains so up to 5 days from the date of occurrence of the last element of the rash.
mechanism of transmission - airborne (the virus spreads easily by speaking, sneezing or coughing).It is worth noting that chicken pox - highly contagious (contagious) infection - the susceptibility to it tends to 100%.
Atrium are the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract.Penetrating into mucosal epithelium, the virus enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body, settling into the skin cells.As a result, its surface layers, one after another, the following changes occur:
Waste products of the virus getting into the blood, causing the symptoms of intoxication.
result of previous infection is persistent (often - lifelong) immunity.
disease incubation period is 13-17 days in some cases - 11-21 day.
just a few days before the rash sick notes increasing weakness, headache, fever - the so-called prodromal period.It should be noted that children this period can generally asymptomatic, but for those of mature age characterized by a bright his clinic.
period rashes in children often occurs easily, without the express violation of their general condition.Simultaneously with the appearance of fever or after a few hours after its appearance on the skin of the abdomen, thighs, chest, shoulders, and later - on the face and head there first eruption:
As new eruptions appear jerky, the skin of the patient simultaneously present all of the above elements of the rash - inmedicine it is called a "false polymorphism."
the rash is accompanied by intense itching.
parallel with the rash appearing rashes and mucous membranes.They have the form of bubbles, which after some time turn into sores surrounded by red rim.In most cases, each patient says no more than three of these elements.They heal within 2 days.
feverish period of the disease is 2-5 days, in some cases - up to 10 days.Rashes period is 2 to 9 days.
In most cases, chickenpox is a benign, but some of its forms (bullous, gangrenous, hemorrhagic) get any possible complications in the form of pyoderma, encephalitis, myocarditis, lymphadenitis.
serious complication of sepsis, which developed as a result of joining a secondary infection.Dangerous also varicella pneumonia - a very difficult and often occurs not respond to antibiotics.
If for 4-5 days before delivery will catch chickenpox future mom, likely to get her child is raised to 17%, with 30% of the infected newborns, alas, they die.
Currently, when fully eradicated smallpox, chickenpox suspected - not a problem for the physician.Preliminary diagnosis is based on patient complaints, medical history and initial examination (presence of specific lesions on the skin).
In general blood test chickenpox may increase the ESR.In carrying out specific laboratory diagnostic methods is usually not necessary.
Persons with chickenpox usually receive treatment on an outpatient basis.
first compulsory component of the treatment of chicken pox is bed rest for a period of fever.
special diet for chickenpox is not assigned, but excessive drinking - an integral part of the treatment, as a very important function - detoxification (eliminates toxins from the body).
Drug treatment is carried out both general and local.Total may include several groups of medications:
Local treatment includes careful care of the affected skin, aimed at preventing secondary infection rash elements.Normally used for the treatment of rashes solution of brilliant green, potassium permanganate or fukortsinom.
To avoid residual traces on the site of the rash, it is strongly recommended not to tear the crust.
Because the virus is unstable in the environment, it should be washed regularly and often ventilate the room.
Currently, there is a vaccine against chickenpox, but the calendar of planned preventive vaccination is not included.
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