May
14
23:01
Dermatology

Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp - the causes, symptoms, treatment

Seborrheic Dermatitis - a disease in which there is inflammation of the skin due to excessive allocation of the modified composition of sebum and action opportunistic fungi of the genus Malassezia.Defeat usually occurs on the skin where a large number of sebaceous glands:

Content

  • 1 symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
    • 1.1 oily seborrhea
    • 1.2 dry seborrhea
  • 2 treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp

According to statistics, the disease is more common in men, due to the influence of male hormones on the sebaceous glands.The aggravation of the disease occurs when the immune system disorders, endocrine disorders, stressful situations.Adverse factors that increase seborrhea are excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), the cold season and irritant alkaline detergents.

are two types of seborrhea: oily and dry.

defeat the scalp is balanced progressive character and is accompanied by intense itching.In the affected areas of skin appear clear limits plaque located on a back

ground of red spots.Plaques formed by the merger of yellowish-pink nodules covered with greasy scales.Plaques are increasing in the circumferential direction, allowing the center.

overall picture of the disease in oily seborrhea is as follows: on the scalp is marked peeling, form a dense crust.Hair for one day can become greasy, stick together into strands.On examination, the doctor can see the white or yellowish scales attached to the base of the hair shaft and is easily scraped off, and dandruff.Over time, the hair becomes thinner and break off, which could then lead to diffuse hair loss.

With the progression of seborrhea can join complications.Peeling increases, the scales are sealed, accession secondary infection appear yellow peel, redness increases.In the development of erythroderma is necessary to consult a dermatologist.

This form of the disease, on the contrary, is characterized by insufficient secretion of sebum, resulting in increased begins peeling skin, hair become dry, thin, brittle, there are small white dandruff.

seborrhea treatment does not only dermatologist.If you have a hormonal imbalance in the body, one of the signs of which is seborrhea, men may need treatment in andrology, and women at the gynecologist-endocrinologist.

Unfortunately, to date, drugs that normalize the activity of sebaceous glands, does not exist.Therefore, treatment of seborrheic dermatitis is aimed at addressing the symptoms of the disease.With the localization of the pathological process in the scalp therapy is the primary line of antifungal and anti-inflammatory treatment.Apply shampoo containing the antifungal component - zinc pyrithione and tar.

One such shampoo is shampoo "Keto Plus' containing ketoconazole and zinc pyrithione.In its application the itching and flaking of the scalp rapidly decrease.It suffices to apply shampoo 2-3 times a week for a month, or until the symptoms of seborrhea is not reduced, and for maintenance of remission use one shampoo once a week.It is also well established shampoos "Friderm Zinc" and "Friderm Tar."

When seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp is often recommended to use paste Soultz.The drug is used after shampooing.It should be a small amount of paste to rub in a circular motion into the hair roots.The medicine should be kept for half an hour and then rinse thoroughly with warm running water.In the period of acute illness it is recommended to use 2% of the paste 1 times a week for 2-3 months.If symptoms decreased seborrhea, then you can move on to maintenance therapy with the use of 1% paste Soultz.

With the ineffectiveness of this treatment need to re-consult a dermatologist.In severe cases, as well as accession complications may require the use of combined preparations containing hormones, and anti-fungal components.

addition to local treatment of all patients suffering from seborrheic dermatitis, you need therapy aimed at strengthening the immunity.For this purpose, appointed vitamins and minerals, as well as natural immunomodulators and adaptogens (Echinacea, Siberian ginseng, Chinese magnolia vine, ginseng, and others.).

Special diet for people suffering from seborrhea, not developed, but specific dietary recommendations do exist.It is recommended to reduce the amount of animal fat in the diet, limit consumption of fried, spicy, salty foods and sweets.You should also give up the use of alcohol and smoking.

About seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp (dandruff) in the "Live healthy!»:

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