May
17
23:01
Gastroenterology

Diagnosis of diseases of the pancreas

Despite the constant improvement of diagnostic techniques and the improvement of technical equipment of many clinics are not very competent experts attribute to their patients they do not exist in reality the disease.One of the leaders of such indiscriminate "diagnosis" is often chronic pancreatitis.Woe doctor's eye looking at the display unit, or the conclusion of the doctor conducting ultrasonography (US), starts to give a frightened patient advice and prescribe medication serious drugs.Meanwhile, there is a lot of survey techniques, allowing to comprehensively assess the state of the pancreas and verify its condition.

Content

  • 1 Clinical methods
  • 2 Laboratory methods
  • 3 Instrumental methods

Each qualified knows that modern diagnostics of various diseases of the pancreas based on thoughtful analysis of allresults of examination of the patient, rather than on any one indicator.To detect these diseases doctors usually use the following techniques:

Initial diagnostic information helpf

ul doctor receives from the conversation with the patient.After all diseases affecting the pancreas, have specific clinical manifestations.The most specific sign of pain considered that:

In addition, patients talk about their disturbing:

importance given to the patient and the medical examination.Suspecting the defeat of the pancreas, a doctor inspects the skin, mucous membranes, stomach probes in the area of ​​the projection of the body, presses the special "pancreatic" point in different postures.Sometimes it is possible not only to identify pain in a particular area, but also palpable tumor or swollen part of the body.

Laboratory studies help to clarify the disease of the pancreas, to assess its activity, the severity, the presence of lesions of the production of digestive enzymes and hormones.Depending on the clinical case and the technical capabilities of health-care setting, doctors can appoint:

correctly interpret test results and assess whether the identified changes are associated with the pathology of the pancreas can only doctor.After all, only one laboratory findings are ambiguous.For example, an increase of enzymes (amylase, etc.) For pancreatitis is short and also occurs with other illnesses (in renal failure, gynecological diseases, and others.).Therefore, normal values ​​of these parameters do not deny the existence of the acute phase of pancreatitis, and their increase does not necessarily indicate a problem with the pancreas.

Instrumental methods are considered to be an integral part of the verification diseases affecting the pancreas.They allow us to estimate the magnitude and visualize the structure of the body, to detect swelling, stones, ulcers, cysts and pseudocysts, narrowing duct tumors, fibrosis, abnormal intrauterine formation.A list of these studies may include:

However, the final verdict of the doctor may order only after a comprehensive analysis of data from all of these diagnostic procedures.With all of this is not the last importance frankness patients when planning the survey, qualification of doctors, quality of equipment and reagents.

On peculiarities of the pancreas and the first signs of her illness in the program "Malakhov +»:

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