August
12
19:53
Orthopedics and Traumatology

Osteoarthritis of the Ankle: Symptoms, treatment and prevention

deforming arthritis most often affects the joints of the lower limbs, one of which - the ankle.These joints have a high mobility in different planes and perform an important function while walking (foot roll and transfer body weight from heel to toe), and bear the weight of the human body.Osteoarthritis of the ankle is a kind of payback for bipedalism.But many other factors have an impact on the development of the disease.Initially unbeknownst to the patient starts softening and thinning of the cartilage covering the joint, then he cracked that triggers inflammation, growth of bone in the form of osteophytes.When running arthrosis person is unable to walk without support and experiencing severe pain, especially when the support leg.Disability is possible within a few years after the onset of the disease, if not initiated early and comprehensive treatment.

Content

  • 1 The causes of the disease
  • 2 symptoms of osteoarthritis ankle
  • 3 Diagnostics
  • 4 Therapies
  • 5 Prevention

depending on the presence or absence of a particular factor causing disease, arthritis of the ankle can be primary or secondary.Also, there is a division in stages.In the presence of the 1st stage, one is functional, if arthrosis moved to the 2nd and 3rd stage of pain and limited mobility lead to disability (temporary or permanent).

be distinguished arthrosis and exacerbation of various inflammatory processes in the joints, for example, as a result of rheumatoid arthritic or psoriatic arthritis.Therefore, the doctor prescribes a full blood count, rheumatoid test, a test for CRP, uric acid.In arthrosis, these indicators are normal, but if the disease is in an acute stage can be increased ESR and leukocytes.To set the stage osteoarthritis and more information about the pathology radiography is used in 2 projections, ultrasound, CT or MRI of the joint.On the X-ray image can be noted a slight narrowing of the joint space, if the arthritis in the 1st stage.In the transition to the 2nd stage of the joint space is reduced by 40% or more of the norm.And the third stage is considerably narrowed, can be practically absent, visible growths and bone deformities.

Osteoarthritis of the ankle joint, as well as other sites, requires a comprehensive, lasting and exchange treatment.

effectiveness of the treatment of deforming arthrosis of the ankle depends on the stage of its development and the presence of comorbidities.In any case shows conservative therapy, and it should include medication and physical methods, as well as the correction of orthopedic products.