August
12
19:53
Gastroenterology

Symptoms of bowel disease

Careful attention to all the changes occurring in the body, allowing time to suspect the disease process in different parts of the body.After the defeat of each of the bodies has its own specific characteristics.Are they and intestinal diseases.

Content

  • 1 Intestinal (local) signs
    • 1.1 Disorders chair
    • 1.2 Abdominal pain
    • 1.3 bloating and rumbling
    • 1.4 Pathological impurities
    • 1.5 False urgency and tenesmus
  • 2 Extraintestinal signs

intestine performs many vital functions (digestion and absorption of food eaten, water absorption, the formation and evacuation of feces, products of different biologically active substrates, flatulence, protectionfrom food allergens and infectious agents, and others.).Therefore, any of its disorders manifest rather quickly and often affect the general condition.
diverse manifestations of intestinal diseases can be divided into:

most striking and characteristic, of course, are local signs.They are present in most diseases affecting the intesti

ne, irrespective of their origin (infection, motor, immune, tumor, allergic and others.).These characteristics include:

Standards bowel movement frequency is very variable.The residents believe that a healthy person visits to this end, the toilet once a day.In fact, the chair can be more than 3 times per day or alternatively, 2-3 times a day.But he must be of normal consistency (to be formalized in the form of "sausages"), does not stick to the toilet and have no impurities.In addition, the process of emptying should not be accompanied by straining and pain, and after a healthy person should arise a subjective sensation of "full bowel cleansing."
defecation disorders are permanent or situational.For example, in disorders caused by the lack of any enzymes or food allergies, you can identify the relationship incurred with the use of certain products.Irritable bowel syndrome often diarrhea or constipation provoked some psychological discomfort (family conflict, examination, etc..).

When diarrhea (diarrhea) more frequent bowel movements necessarily accompanied by liquefaction chair.Cal gets mushy or completely liquid.If you have problems with the small intestine usually significantly increased its daily volume (it is much more than a glass).In the case of localization of colonic disease stool very often, but it stands out a little.Constipation means not only a delay of 48-72 hours of the chair, but also hard, fragmented or too dry decorated feces, which barely stands out from the gut.In these patients, emptying (independent or as a result of laxatives) can occur more than once a day, but it does not end with the expected relief.Fragmented scant feces (like sheep) is often found in spastic contractions of the colon, resulting in irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory diseases, infectious diseases of the colon.When atonic constipation (for example, too long intestine - megacolon after infection or motor disorders) chair, on the contrary, is very voluminous.Ribbon-like form of stool may indicate the presence of a mechanical obstruction (tumor, scar contraction, etc.), And therefore is considered to be alarming symptom.

Localization of pain caused by a particular pathology of the bowel is not always certain.Often pain migrate around the abdomen.Moreover, even if they appear regularly in the same area, then the exact location of the problem can be judged only conditionally, ie. A. The actual location of the different parts of the bowel in many patients is different from the image of an anatomical atlas.However, accepted conditionally assume that the pain associated with the small intestine, localized in the umbilical region.And in case of problems with the colon are disturbed in the lower left or right (iliac) abdomen.In the case of rectal lesions, patients may not hurt the stomach and the anus or the perineum.In addition, pain can give to the sacrum, or spine.
The analysis of pain is often possible to find out their origin to a particular food (eg milk at lactase deficiency), bowel movement, stressful situations.
Depending on the mechanisms of pain are continuing or periodic.By its nature, pain during bowel diseases are divided into:

Normally, each person in his intestines live microorganisms that produce a certain amount of gas.But this process does not cause any negative feelings.Bloating and rumbling mostly explained by increased gas production due to dysbiosis (violation of the microbial composition of the gut) - an integral satellite of intestinal ailments.
But there are more serious reasons for these symptoms: a violation of the digestive function of the intestines, adhesions, tumors, scar contraction of the intestinal lumen.

If you suspect any bowel disease need to carefully study the stool.In the case of the accelerated intestinal motility or inflammation in them appear mucus.Fragments insufficiently digested food may indicate problems with the small intestine, and whitish and yellowish blotches or incomprehensible dense "sticks" - about the worms.When erosive and ulcerative lesions of the large intestine, or (sometimes already decaying) tumors seen in the stool blood (scarlet or dark) and sometimes pus.

In marked inflammation of the colon, which is characteristic of infectious colitis (eg dysentery) and ulcerative colitis, patients may appear false desires.They want to empty the bowel unbearable, but it really did not stand out or instead of a stool out pus, mucus and blood.This mixture is called the doctor "rectal spittle".In addition, urges are often excruciatingly painful (tenesmus), turning the campaign into a latrine in real torture.

Unfortunately, some intestinal diseases manifest themselves not only local symptoms.Extraintestinal signs of inflammatory diseases (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), allergic lesions, worm infestations, some tumors, celiac disease combined with intestinal or even precede their occurrence.They are:

It should be noted that the discovery at the local (intestinal) or extra-intestinal symptoms should serve as a powerful stimulus to the full survey.After some intestinal illnesses is almost impossible to handle without medical intervention.Furthermore, most of the considered manifestations of disease can be observed at a location.Thus, for example, blood in the stool can be a sign of hemorrhoids and constipation - thyroid gland.

more about fungal infections of the bowel can be found in the "Live healthy!»:

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