spinal column has a physiological curves: cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis and sacral kyphosis.They are required to perform the movements of the spine in different planes and sufficient amplitude, depreciation walking.Spinal twists are formed gradually, as the child begins to hold head, crawl, sit up, walk.Kyphosis - a curvature of the spine bulge ago.Under the influence of various pathological factors, it can be amplified and lead to pathological processes of the spine, and the surrounding tissue and viscera. Content
most widely received thoracic kyphosis.It can be considered pathological, if the curvature exceeds 31 degrees.Depending on the degree of bending of isolated thoracic kyphosis of 4 degrees:
should be distinguished from the true kyphosis kyphotic posture associated with muscle weakness.With her in the prone posit
cervical kyphosis - an abnormal curvature of the cervical spine.He is dangerous violation of cerebral blood flow and stagnation in the vessels of the brain due to violation of the anatomy of the spine in the neck.Also in the cervical kyphosis leads to hypertension, herniated discs, headaches.Often, this pathology occurs in newborns as a result of birth trauma.
Lumbar kyphosis usually affects the upper two lumbar vertebrae.The lumbar area becomes round, the spine loses its flexibility, body tilted forward.The intervertebral discs and joints degenerative changes occur.Dampening properties of the lumbar substantially violated shocks when walking and running are not absorbed.
Overhaul back reveals even the initial kyphosis of the spine.
patient must strip down to swimming trunks.When viewed from the front and the profile can be noted increase in any of the vertebrate bends forward protrusion of shoulders, chest hollowness, incorrect position of the blades.Then you need to ask the examinee to bend forward and touch the floor with his hands straight legs.When moderate to severe thoracic kyphosis is impossible to perform this test.Mandatory inspection in the prone position on the couch.
Additional instrumental studies are needed to determine the extent of kyphosis and identify concomitant pathologies.These include:
Conservative treatment is carried out in children, when the spinal deformity has not yet been fixed, or adults in the absence of indications for surgery.
In marked distortion, severe pain, neurological manifestations, disorders of internal organs, as well as a cosmetic purpose (for thoracic kyphosis), and only after the growth of spinal surgery possible.Surgery is carried out in two stages: first, the surgeon removes the defect, and then carries out the correction of the spine using metal.Transpedicular structure consists of rods and screws.The surgeon always relates the risk of operative complications and benefits of intervention.
for the prevention of kyphosis of the spine, as well as its other diseases, it is necessary to adhere to a healthy lifestyle, exercise, spend more time in the fresh air, eat right while maintaining a normal body weight, prolonged sitting and ruled in the slope of the job.