August
12
19:53
Neuroscience

Soothing (sedative) drugs of plant origin - Overview

Sedative drugs has long been used to treat diseases of the nervous system.Their mechanism of action is the regulatory impact on the brain - the oppression of excitation and inhibition of activation.These drugs have a mild sedative and anti-anxiety effects.Hypnotic effect in this group of drugs is not available, but they are easier to advance and contribute to a deeper and more restful sleep.Well tolerated without causing any serious side effects.Not addictive, physical or psychological dependence.Enhances the action of certain groups of drugs, such as painkillers, sleeping pills and other calming effect on the nervous system.

Thanks beneficial effects of sedatives and minimize adverse reactions to these drugs are widely used in everyday medical practice, especially in the treatment of the elderly.

According to the classification, there are several groups of soothing (sedative) drugs, the leading of which are herbal medicines.We talk about them below.

Content

  • 1 drugs valerian
  • 2 Preparations Paeonia officinalis
  • 3 drugs motherwort
  • 4 extract Passiflora (passionflower) - drug Alora
  • 5 Combination drugs
    • 5.1 Dormiplant
    • 5.2 Menovalen
  • 6 Novo pass
    • 6.1 Persia and Persen Forte
    • 6.2 Persen cardio
    • 6.3 Relax
    • 6.4 Sedavit
    • 6.5 Sedariston
    • 6.6 Sedasen and Sedasen Fort
    • 6.7 Sedafiton
    • 6.8 Trivalumen

Preparations of valerian

roots and rhizomes of valerian contain many active substances that have suchhealing properties as reducing the excitability of the central nervous system and a decrease in smooth muscle spasm (antispasmodic effect).

indications about taking valerian are insomnia, increased nervous excitability, cardiopsychoneurosis.
available in different dosage forms:

contraindications to the drug valerian is the only individual sensitivity of the patient to them.
tolerated as generally good.In some extremely rare cases, there drowsiness, fatigue and dizziness.

contain active ingredients that have a mild sedative effect on the body.

indications about taking peony are neurasthenia, insomnia, cardiopsychoneurosis.
are issued in the form of infusions in bottles of 100 ml.It is recommended to take 30-40 drops of the tincture 3 times a day.Long course of treatment - 3-4 weeks.

Contraindications Individual hypersensitivity.
Side effects should be noted only the occurrence of allergic reactions in the case of hypersensitivity to the drug.

Drugs Leonurus

herb of the medicinal plant includes substances that have moderate sedation in addition also hypotensive (lowers blood pressure) effect.

apply with nervousness, increased nervous excitability, neurocirculatory dystonia, as well as at an early stage of hypertension.
comes in the form of infusion in bottles of 25 and 50 ml, as well as a dry raw materials in the total weight of a pack of 50 and 100 g

infusion is recommended to take 3-4 times a day for 30-50 drops before meals.Prepared from dry raw extract: 15 g chopped herbs poured 150-200 ml of water at room temperature and put in a water bath.Heat over low heat for 15 minutes, stirring occasionally.Filter, squeeze.Take 15 ml (1 tablespoon) 3-4 times a day before meals.

contraindicated drugs motherwort if hypersensitivity of the patient to them.
Possible side effects - drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness.However, they are extremely rare.

components of the drug reduces the excitability of the central nervous system, providing sedation.Against the background of the drug in patients improves mood, reduces symptoms of anxiety and mental stress, improves sleep quality.Furthermore, Alora has also anticonvulsant effect.

indications for admission of the drug are:

also used in treatment of pathological conditions such as dystonia, hypertension, cerebral vascular crises.

issued in the form of tablets and syrup.
tablets are 3-4 times a day for 1-2 pieces before eating.In the case of sleep disorders - 2-3 tablets 1 hour before planned sleep.Duration of treatment is determined individually, depending on the initial severity of the patient's condition and response to therapy.

Syrup take 1-2 teaspoons (5-10 mL is) three times a day before meals.To improve the quality of sleep - 2 teaspoons (10 ml) for an hour before bedtime.

Alora Contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to the drug, as well as during pregnancy and lactation.
While taking the drug at the recommended doses, the development of any adverse effects unlikely.It is rarely diagnosed allergic reactions.

In severe organic disease of the digestive tract the drug is used with caution.For pregnant and lactating Alor tests were not carried out, so the possible negative effects on the fetus and infant are unknown.The drug is in the form of syrup is not recommended for admission diabetics, as it contains sucrose.In the treatment with this drug work with dangerous machinery and driving vehicles should be avoided.Also in the period of treatment is not recommended to drink alcohol.

Most sedatives herbal products contain several active substances - potentiated thanks to their positive effects and quickly achieved the desired effect.

Dormiplant

Contains dry extracts of valerian root and lemon balm leaves.It has a calming effect on the body as a whole, as well as falling asleep and improve sleep quality.Indications are to receive state nervous overstrain and emerging against the backdrop of the sleep disorders.Take formulation 2 tablets 30 minutes before sleep - to normalize.When anxiety states - 2 tablets 2-3 times daily.Drink tablet without chewing, drinking water.Duration of treatment is determined individually.Contraindications: depression, and increased sensitivity to the drug.Side effects are rare.There may be nausea, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, occurrence of spasms of the intestine, as well as allergic reactions.Of special instructions should be noted that pregnant and lactating experimental studies of the drug were not carried out, so the data on the safety of receiving it in these times no.Because of side effects observed among distraction and drowsiness, caution should be exercised when taking Dormiplanta persons whose work is related to the management of vehicles or severe mechanisms.

Capsules containing lipophilic complexes of valerian (50 mg) and peppermint (25 mg).It has a mild sedative effect.It contributes to the rapid fall asleep.It is used in mild neurosis manifested nervous excitement, poor concentration, anxiety and restlessness, sleep disturbances.Apply 1 capsule three times a day for half an hour before meals or 1-2 capsules an hour before bedtime.Adverse reactions are extremely rare, develop with prolonged use of the drug are reversible.This is the side effects of the central nervous system peculiar to the group of sedatives, as well as lowering blood pressure, a sense of heart and squeezing in the chest, irregular heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, constipation, bitterness in the mouth and painright upper quadrant, allergic reactions.During pregnancy and lactation is not recommended to take Menovalen.

As part of his contains an extract of valerian, St. John's wort grass and guaifenesin.In addition to sleeping pills and antidepressant action of medicinal herbs has also anti-anxiety and relaxing the smooth muscle of the effect of guaifenesin.Indications to receive this drug standard - like all sedatives.Available in the form of tablets and solution for oral administration.Recommended dosage: 1 teaspoon (5 ml) or 1 tablet orally 3 times per day.If necessary, the dose can be increased twice.The interval between doses of the drug should not be less than 4 hours.Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the New Passito, epilepsy, myasthenia gravis.Side effects are similar to those of other sedatives.While taking the New Passito is not recommended for a long time to be under the influence of ultraviolet rays.Precautions to take persons with severe impairment of liver function.Safety drug during pregnancy and lactation is unknown.Before the drug can decrease distraction and reaction rate - patients should refrain from activities that require high concentration and coherence.

Persen contain extracts of valerian, lemon balm and peppermint.Available in the form of tablets and capsules.Properties, indications, contraindications and side effects of the standard.The recommended dose of Persia: 3-4 tablets three times a day, and sleep disorders - 3-4 tablets an hour before bedtime.Persen forte take 2 capsules 2 times daily or 2 capsules 1 hour before bedtime.Taking the drug is independent of food intake.Tablets / capsules should be swallowed whole with a little water.The course of treatment is not limited.Of special instructions should be noted that this product contains lactose - intolerant patients with this substance, it is contraindicated.During pregnancy and lactation Persen applied after benefit / risk assessment.

issued in the form of capsules containing extracts of herbs passionflower and hawthorn leaves and flowers.Mild sedation Passiflora in this preparation combined with cardioprotective (improves heart) effect of hawthorn.It is used in vascular dystonia, increased nervous excitability, functional disorders of the heart, neuroses.It is recommended to take a dosage of 1 capsule 1 inside a day.If necessary, the dose may be increased twice.Take the drug should be before eating, drinking water.Duration of reception - at least 1.5 months.Contraindications Persen cardio with individual hypersensitivity to its components, as well as during pregnancy and lactation.Side effects of the standard.It contains lactose - should not be taken for people with intolerance to this substance.Data on the safety during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not available.The treatment with this drug is not recommended to work with serious control mechanisms and transport.

In composition with properties similar to Persenom.Available in capsules.It is recommended to take 2 capsules 2 times a day or up to 1 hour before bedtime.

contains a complex of plant extracts (valerian, hawthorn, St. John's wort, mint, hops), pyridoxine and nicotinamide.Available in the form of tablets and solution for oral administration.The active ingredients of medicinal plants have sedative, anti-anxiety, cardioprotective effects, reduce fear and mental strain.Vitamins normalize metabolism in nervous tissue.The indications are a constant state of mental overstrain, neurasthenia, cardiopsychoneurosis, asthenic syndrome, hypertension stage 1, menopausal syndrome, and mild forms of dysmenorrhea.The tablets are used for 2 pieces 3 times a day.Swallowed whole with some liquid.If necessary, a single dose may be increased to three tablets.When adverse reactions of the nervous system to reduce the dose to 1 tablet at a time.The solution take 1 teaspoon (5 mL) orally 3 times a day.The dose may be increased to 10 ml on reception.Contraindications to receive the drug are: hypersensitivity to the drug, asthma, spazmofiliya, hypotension, myasthenia gravis, stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, severe liver disease, gout, diabetes, can not be corrected, urolithiasis.Side effects occur in a few cases, they are standard.Persons with hereditary disorders of carbohydrate metabolism do not recommend taking this drug because it includes are lactose and sorbitol.Taking Sedavit, do not expose your skin to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays.

Sedariston

issued in the form of drops containing alcoholic extracts of St. John's wort, valerian and lemon balm, and capsules, consisting of dry extracts of hypericum and valerian.Effects, side effects, indications and contraindications are similar to those previously described drugs with similar composition.The recommended dose of drops: 20 Cap.three times a day before taking or 2 hours after a meal, pre-diluted in the liquid.The recommended daily dose in the form of capsules is 4 pieces (2 capsules twice a day, or 1 capsule four times a day) - before eating, drinking plenty of fluids.

Contains dry extracts of valerian, mint and lemon balm.Shape "forte" is different from a simple 2.5 times the content of valerian extract.We will not be repeated with respect to the properties, indications, effects and side effects of these drugs - they are standard.Take recommended 1-2 capsules 2-3 times per day or 1 hour before sleeping, swallowing the capsule whole, and drinking plenty of fluids.The duration of treatment varies, ranging from a few weeks to 12 months.If within 2 weeks of treatment to improve the patient's condition is not observed, the treatment should be reconsidered.

tablets, which include thick extracts of valerian, motherwort and hawthorn.It has sedative and cardioprotective effect.Single dose for adults is 1-2 tablets, the maximum daily - 6 tablets.

Capsules containing dry extracts of valerian, mint, hops and almond three-sheeted.Sedative, hypnotic and a number of other, less severe, and not related to the nervous system properties.Not addictive, does not inhibit the psychomotor functions, it does not impair the ability to work.Apply for insomnia due to nervous and mental fatigue, neurocirculatory dystonia of cardiac type (accompanied by palpitations, rapid heart rate, hypertension, pain in the heart), decreased appetite.

Take recommended 1 capsule 2-3 times a day, or for 1-1.5 hours before bedtime.Duration of treatment - 1-2 weeks.After 10 days of treatment can be repeated.In most cases, the drug is well tolerated.Exceeding the recommended dose may develop side effects such as drowsiness, lethargy, weakness, loss of ability to work and concentrate, lowering blood pressure.

not suitable for high individual sensitivity, cholelithiasis, hypotensive states of depression.When dealing with serious machinery or driving vehicles to use this drug is not recommended.

above are most commonly used in medical practice soothing herbal drugs.Please note that, even taking into account the safety of this group of drugs in the event of your symptoms, when they are shown, do not self-medicate, and should promptly seek professional medical help - only provided that the prescribed treatment will bring maximum results!

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