pancreas - an organ that performs several important functions in the human body.It produces enzymes which are part of the digestive juice and participate in the digestion and hormones.In various diseases of the pancreas is disturbed digestion, digestion and absorption of essential body substances, accompanied by certain symptoms, many of which are not specific, especially in the early stages of the disease.On the basis of complaints the doctor may suspect the patient has a pathology of the body, but for further diagnosis is required to pass the examination. Content
main symptoms that may indicate a pathology of the pancreas, considered pain and dyspeptic (indigestion).
The pain is usually localized in the epigastric region, may radiate to the left upper quadrant, left shoulder, lower back, acute pain during herpes takes character.T
Indigestion appear as severity of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting that occur after ingestion, patients also may experience bloating, flatulence, diarrhea.Sometimes patients themselves pay attention to the fact that the chair became mushy, frequent (4-5 times a day), bold, badly washed off, gets gray.
With the progression of the disease violated metabolism, patients lose weight, decreased appetite.Because vitamin deficiency in patients with the skin becomes dry, it may disrupt vision, develop anemia and other conditions associated with hypovitaminosis.
symptoms described above may occur in acute and chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic tumors, cysts formation therein or rocks of considerable size.However, similar symptoms may indicate a bowel disease, gall bladder and other organs of the digestive system.And in some cases, due to the irradiation of pain in the lumbar region, lower abdomen or shoulder, the doctor may take an acute pathology of the pancreas for sciatica, angina, or acute appendicitis.That is why it is necessary for the verification of the diagnosis tests.
Do not also forget about the endocrine function of the pancreas, breach of which affects production of hormones directly involved in carbohydrate metabolism.In case of violation of insulin and other hormones that the body of the patient will be observed signs of diabetes.Early symptoms of the disease include polyuria (daily urine output may exceed 2-3 liters), constant thirst, dry mouth, dry skin and mucous membranes, increased appetite.
With the progression of the disease may develop complications of the disease such as angiopathy, nephropathy, impaired vision and others.
Acute pancreatitis is most often develops in the abuse of alcohol and its surrogates, especially against the background of abundant fatty meal, the body trauma.In healthy people, the acute form of the disease is rare, usually occurs exacerbation of chronic inflammation in the prostate.The main symptom of acute pancreatitis - unbearable girdle pain in hypochondria, accompanied by repeated vomiting and fever.In such cases, the patient needs urgent medical care in hospital.
On the influence of alcohol on the pancreas telling scientists and doctors in the program "On the most important."
In chronic pancreatitis symptoms may be absent for a long time or be expressed so weak that people do not pay attention to them.This is a gradual process of replacement of healthy cells of the body connective tissue, resulting in developing and pancreatic insufficiency.Patients begin to bother nagging dull pain, bloating, heaviness in the left upper quadrant arising or worse after eating or drinking, sometimes even in small quantities.
disease can occur with alternating periods of exacerbation and remission during an exacerbation, symptoms characteristic of acute pancreatitis.Arise, and dyspepsia.Often, patients with chronic pancreatitis there is impaired glucose tolerance.
Unfortunately, in recent decades has increased the number of patients suffering from cancer pathology of this organ.Tumours can develop from the pancreatic cells responsible for its exocrine (enzymatic) function, and may be hormonally active emerging from special cells.
symptoms of pancreatic cancer often resemble symptoms of pancreatitis, but depending on the location of the tumor may be other manifestations.In cancer of the pancreatic head tumor invasion occurs, peredavlivayuschey common bile duct, resulting in one of the first signs of the disease in patients is jaundice.If you have a tumor in the body or tail of the pancreas to the fore can go rapidly progressing symptoms of diabetes.
cyst of the pancreas is a capsule, which is determined by the accumulation of fluid.Cysts can be localized in any part of the body, symptoms usually appear when they grow large, are starting to shift or compress the surrounding organs.Patients may experience pain in the upper abdomen, eating disorders, weight loss.These symptoms are completely non-specific and requires a survey to identify their causes.The treatment is carried out in most cases by surgery.
stone formation in the pancreas is rare, this pathology can develop independently as a result of salt deposits in the tissues of the body, either through history or concomitant disease of the pancreas (although to date the reasons for the formation of stones in the body not completely clear).Most often the stones are found in the head of the body, in most cases, they are a random finding during the study of the internal organs on another occasion.
symptoms of the presence of stones in the pancreatic parenchyma can be a pain in the top of the abdomen, radiating to the back, sometimes it is paroxysmal in nature, amplifying some time after the meal.It may happen moving stone in the common bile duct, causing jaundice symptoms appear.Surgical treatment is used in severe cases, the disease is often accompanied by bouts of pain and digestive disorders.
When the character of diseases of the pancreas, you should consult a physician or a gastroenterologist, who may, if necessary referral to other specialists (endocrinologists, surgeons, and others.).
After the inspection and installation of the preliminary diagnosis doctor will refer the patient to the laboratory and instrumental investigations.To confirm the diagnosis required urine, blood (clinical and biochemical), indirectly, for the presence of diseases of the pancreas may indicate deviations from the analysis of feces.One of the most informative methods for diagnosis of pathologies of this organ is ultrasound examination, during which the doctor can determine the size of the body, to assess the state of the parenchyma, to detect it cysts, stones or tumors.Pancreatitis, the doctor may suspect the results of X-ray examinations of the abdomen and EGD.
In difficult cases to diagnose diseases of the pancreas to the patient may be recommended by the computer and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as body tissue biopsy.
Engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment of suspected pathology of the pancreas should not be.The same symptoms may indicate pancreatitis as well as the presence of the tumor body and the sooner will diagnosed and assign the correct treatment, the better the prognosis.In advanced cases as a result of chronic pancreatitis may develop severe diseases of the digestive system, kidneys, heart.Acute disease if left untreated can lead to tissue necrosis of the pancreas, and death.
The program "Living Health" on the First Channel reported on pancreatic function in the human body.