Acne in humans - a chronic dermatological disease caused by mites Demodex.This mite is a member of pathogenic microflora on the skin, it is always present in the excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands, hair follicles and glands of the eyelids.The disease occurs only when a reduction in immune protection (sometimes even enough violation of local immunity in the local area of the skin), and ticks can penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin.Therefore, for diagnosis is insufficient only to detect the pathogen, ie. K. Is present in the sebum and skin scrapings in most healthy people.Be sure to have detected the symptoms of the disease. Content
The studies did not reveal the relationship of the disease with the gender or age of the patient.Typical localization of the pathological process occurring - the skin of the face and head, t. To. It is focused on the greatest number of sebaceous glands, which are detacha
main predisposing factors in addition to the reduction of local immunity of the skin are a violation of the sebum production, changes in its composition and the presence of the patient related skin diseases, particularly associated with an increased separation of sebum (seborrhea) and pustular lesions.
Often people with normal immune status provoke at the development of demodicosis.Attempts to manually remove the skin from pimples, acne, pustules and other entities leads to the fact that not only creates favorable conditions for the penetration of the tick into the skin, but also to spread his hands.Promote top of the pathological process in the skin can also be long-term use of certain medications (antibiotics and steroid hormones), the use of poor quality or inappropriate for this type of skin cosmetics.It is not excluded, and such factors as poor diet and bad habits: the prevalence of dietary carbohydrate foods, excessive salt, spices, spices, alcohol and smoking can also increase the risk of demodectic mange.
of transmission of the disease from person to person is possible through close bodily contact, but the symptoms of demodectic mange can occur only when a significant increase in the number of mites in a particular person (more than 30 pcs. In a sebaceous gland) and the presence of certain factors.Therefore, a person suffering from demodex, not a danger to others.
It should be noted that similar structure for mites that live on the skin of animals, never cause disease in humans.
In most cases, symptoms are found on the head of a patient in advanced and severe cases may spread the disease process in the upper chest and back.Typically, sites of inflammation centered on the face (nose, nasolabial triangle, the forehead, cheeks, chin, eyelids).This is due to the fact that it is the sebaceous glands in the skin of the face intensively produce sebum, while responsive to the slightest changes in hormonal levels, disruptions to the internal organs and the immune system.
According to most dermatologists, the main feature is the emergence of demodectic rosacea (rosacea).The patient revealed persistent facial flushing, can be formed pink papules, pustules (pustules), in the later stages of the disease there is a strong thickening of the skin lesions in areas, telangiectasia (spider veins).Patients may also be worried expression and feeling itchy skin tightening.In advanced cases, the long-term course of demodectic mange can develop disfiguring hypertrophy of the nose (rhinophyma), which most often occurs in men.These symptoms usually occur on the background of oily skin and enlarged pores.
more about rosacea can be found in the "Live healthy!»:
Half the addition demodectic skin of patients (mainly elderly) diagnosed demodekoz eyes, manifested in the form blepharoconjunctivitis and blepharitis.Patients complain of dryness and foreign body sensation in the eyes, redness, tearing.It appears quite severe itching century, their swelling, redness of the edges of the eyelids, there is breakage, thinning and loss of eyelashes.After sleeping on the edges of the eyelids can be found sticky discharge, peel or flake.
If signs of demodectic mange should consult a doctor.In most cases, it is necessary prescriptions, although topical treatment also plays an important role.In addition, a correction of lifestyle, t. To. He has a direct effect on the sebaceous glands.
treatment should start with the elimination of violations in the diet.Patients should follow a certain diet, not only during treatment, but also in the future.The diet is limited to the use of food that enhances separation and clogging sebum glands.
necessary to waive or reduce the intake of fatty, fried, salty, spicy food, remove from the diet of spices, seasonings, marinades, meats, and digestible carbohydrates.Furthermore, it should not be abused products containing artificial additives, flavorings, colorants and other substances, which adversely affect the organism.To normalize the digestive system is necessary to enrich the diet of fresh vegetables, fruits and dairy products.
significant role in the successful treatment and prevention of the further plays the immune status of the patient, so it is necessary in every possible way to strengthen the body's defenses (restorative treatments, vitamin complexes, natural immunomodulators, etc..).
During treatment patients are encouraged to renounce the use of cosmetics, and further to choose cosmetics and skin care entity in accordance with the recommendations of a dermatologist, cosmetologist.
Also during treatment is necessary to eliminate a long stay in the sun, to abandon thermal procedures (saunas, steam rooms) and rule out other factors, stimulating increased separation of sebum.
Medication is usually prescribed medication from the group of metronidazole (Trichopolum, Clione, flags, etc.). These drugs help the death subcutaneous mite.Treatment usually lasts for at least 4-6 weeks, during which time the body receives a sufficiently large amount of drug that can affect the liver and kidneys.Therefore, treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor who should be appointed periodically blood tests (clinical and biochemical).
External treatment of demodectic mange and can last up to six months, so patients need to be patient and strictly follow the doctor's recommendations.It is the application of various ointments ("Metronidazole", "Benzyl" sulfuric acid, mercury and other yellow.) Are recommended as a cream-gel Deksodem Fito, pharmacy mash containing alcohols, ethers and tar, which are prepared by prescription at the pharmacy.Alcohol treatment for demodectic mange can not be used for a long time.At short-term use, they contribute to the destruction of mites, and prolonged - desiccate the skin, which contributes to the production of sebum and, as a consequence, possible new outbreak of the disease.
Extras can be used physiotherapy treatments (electrophoresis) and cryotherapy.
in recent years become increasingly popular cosmetic procedure called microdermabrasion (skin resurfacing procedure hardware), during which removes a layer of skin, which are localized mites.It is also possible to carry out neapparatnoy cleansing facial using peelings that contain fruit acids.Such procedures can not be performed when demodicosis during the acute manifestations of the disease, consulting a dermatologist is required.