May
08
23:01
Gynecology

Bacterial vaginosis - symptoms, treatment

vaginosis (bacterial vaginosis) - a fairly common gynecological disease that develops as a result of increasing concentrations of bacteria in the vagina Gardnerella vaginalis.A small number of these bacteria have in each vaginal microflora of healthy women, but only lactobacilli and gardnerellas imbalance leads to the appearance of symptoms.

Content

  • 1 most common causes of bacterial vaginosis
  • 2 Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis
    • 2.1 gardnerelleza men
  • 3 treatment of bacterial vaginosis
    • 3.1 Related Videos:

main and perhaps the only sign of the disease - profuse discharge from the genital tract, with a smooth consistency, gray-whitish or yellowish in color and odor, resembling the smell of rotten fish.In half of the cases occur in patients with women joining inflammation of the vagina (vaginitis).In this case, itching and burning in the vagina that can increase when urinating and during intercourse.

When such discharges should consult a gynecologist for examination.Do not en

gage in self-treatment, in most cases it is inefficient.Meanwhile, bacterial vaginosis can be complicated vaginitis colpitis and other gynecological diseases, which would require a more complex and long-term treatment.

emergence of bacterial vaginosis is a disease in men is impossible.However, getting the bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis in the urethra during intercourse, especially in men with reduced immunity, it can lead to urethritis, which in turn manifests the characteristic symptoms (itching, burning, pain in the urethra during urination).Men with normal immune status gardnerelly entering the genito-urinary tract, do not cause any pathological processes.Nevertheless, a man can be a carrier gardnerellas so in recurrent bacterial vaginosis in women, it is recommended to be screened her sexual partners.

disease treatment includes two successive phases.And the second phase will be without first completely ineffective.

1. The first step is necessary to suppress the excessive growth of conditionally pathogenic flora, and which refers to the bacterium Gardnerella vaginalis.For this purpose, appointed antibiotics (metronidazole, clindamycin), in most cases, they are applied topically in the form of gels, and candles, at least in tablet form.The course of antibacterial therapy lasts 7-10 days.

2. The second stage is much more difficult than the first.It lies in the settlement of the vagina normal microflora (lactobacilli).Before the start of the use of drugs with the lactic acid bacteria is recommended to be tested to monitor the effectiveness of the first phase of therapy, as well as to eliminate the yeast, which could develop during treatment with antibiotics.

topically applied vaginal suppositories atsilakt, Lactobacterin, Laktonorm.Sometimes the doctor prescribes medications that contain lactobacilli, inside (Lactobacterin, Laktonorm plus).

During treatment to diet, eliminating sharp and fried foods, spices, alcoholic beverages.Need to eat products containing lactic acid bacteria (Biokefir, bifidoyogurty, homemade yogurt, cooked to leaven of the "Narine").

generally parallel to the treatment of bacterial vaginosis is the treatment and prevention of intestinal dysbiosis.Women are appointed preparations containing prebiotics (Linex, Normoflorin, Bifidumbacterin).

Do not forget that in the occurrence of bacterial vaginosis often plays a big role weakening of the immune defense.To correct immunodeficiency appointed immunomodulating medications, multivitamins (Biomax, Vitrum), natural immunostimulant (echinacea, lemongrass).

During treatment the woman is desirable to abstain from sex or use a barrier contraceptive.

Evaluating the effectiveness of the treatment is carried out one week after the completion of the drugs and the disappearance of symptoms.Re-examination is recommended to go through 1-1.5 months after the first.