diseases of the stomach - a widespread problem in gastroenterology, with a large number of people it affects quite a young age.In most cases, stomach ulcers are acquired and relate primarily, malnutrition, uncontrolled medication, stress, smoking, and other external factors that have a negative effect on the mucous membrane of the body.
So, if you feel that you are experiencing symptoms of diseases of the stomach, in this article, you should see a doctor. Content
diseases of the stomach a lot, they have different symptoms, but there are signs common to the disease of the body, which helps to suspect that the stomach is not all right.These symptoms can be divided into three groups: epigastric pain ("the stomach"), stomach discomfort, indigestion.Tell me more about each of the symptoms.
Acute gastritis usually triggered by ingestion of irritating chemicals (acid, alcohol, etc.), Ie in case of poisoning, and is characterized by a very severe pain in the pit of the stomach, heartburn, nausea, repeated vomiting acidic contents of the stomach, bile and mucus mayeven the appearance of gastric bleeding.The same symptoms can manifest severe exacerbation of chronic forms of the disease.
Chronic gastritis nowadays a very common disease, and it is revealed even in children.In remission the disease itself can not be, and may be accompanied by worsening of symptoms very unpleasant and requires treatment.
Patients concerned about aching pain in the epigastric region, sometimes they can be quite strong, gastritis with acidity of gastric juice of pain is called "hungry" as postprandial pain subsides.Language can be coated with white bloom, patients notice a dry mouth, and sometimes, on the contrary, excessive salivation, nausea, heaviness in the stomach, rumbling in the abdomen.Sometimes gastric discomfort even prevents the patient to sleep and you have to take drugs to alleviate the condition.
That's what they say about gastritis in the scientific and popular programs:
symptoms, which in most cases is accompanied by gastritis - is heartburn and acid regurgitation or air.Gastritis violated the processes of digestion in the stomach, and, consequently, in the subsequent parts of the gastrointestinal tract, so one of the symptoms of gastritis are constipation.
In the long gastritis, especially atrophic, there may be signs of anemia, patients lose weight, feel general weakness, due to inadequate absorption of nutrients and vitamins in the digestion of food in the stomach.
If, along with the symptoms described above, there is vomiting streaked with blood, or dark stools may be, it may indicate an erosive gastritis, with these symptoms, immediately seek medical attention.
This disease of the stomach is also a fairly common today.It is believed that chronic gastritis always leads to the formation of ulcers in the gastric mucosa, but it is not so.In the presence of chronic gastritis increases the likelihood of peptic ulcer, however, many patients with this disease, gastritis generally not detected.
main feature of gastric ulcer - is weak or moderate in strength pain in the epigastric region, almost always associated with eating, a characteristic feature of this pathology - "hungry" pain that occurs on an empty stomach in the morning or after a nap.Just as with gastritis, patients may complain of heartburn, belching with a sour taste, nausea, vomiting, after which the pain becomes less intense.
Peptic ulcer disease dangerous its complications.The occurrence of sudden, acute, "dagger" epigastric pain, a sharp deterioration in health, appearance of weakness, pallor, tachycardia may indicate ulcer perforation.In such cases, prompt surgery, as this complication threatens the life of the patient.
the presence of gastric ulcer and gastritis increased risk of cancer of the body.One of the complications of peptic ulcer and ulcer is a malignancy (ie become cancerous ulcer).In cases where gastric cancer not associated with the other disease, the disease may be asymptomatic for a long time.Then, may appear non-specific signs of disease: fatigue, weight loss, appetite loss.Later joined by symptoms characteristic of almost all diseases of the stomach: epigastric pain of varying intensity, nausea, vomiting.The feeling of heaviness in the stomach, rapid saturation, belching "rotten" may indicate the difficulty of gastric emptying in the large size of the tumor.If the cancer has reached large sizes, the projection of the stomach may be palpable tumor, stomach may be increased in size due to ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity).
These features allow to suspect disease, but the diagnosis can be established only in the survey.
talk about stomach cancer in the popular program "Life is great!" On the First Channel:
establish an accurate diagnosis of diseases of the stomach, based on symptoms, in most cases, can not even experienced doctor.To identify the specific pathology need to be examined.The most common and informative method of research is fibrogastroduodenoscopy stomach.During the procedure, the physician can not only to investigate the state of the gastric mucosa, ulcerative detect defects therein, polyps, tumors and other changes, but also to take the materials for analysis (gastric juice, pieces mucosal biopsy organ et al.).
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