Lipids - the scientific name of fats that are in the human body.When the level of these substances in the normal range, lipids have a number of very important functions, but if they are in excess, can cause serious health problems.This article will talk about what is hyperlipidemia, describe the symptoms of this phenomenon and look at how to treat this disease. Content
hyperlipidemia term denotes a high level of blood lipids.Hyperlipidemia - a collective term that includes a number of states, but in most cases it means that the body of
elevated lipid levels leads to the development of atherosclerosis, i.e. arterial wall of the seal.The normal artery smooth inside their lumen and nothing is blocking, but with age in the vessel wall plaques begin to form.These plaques are formed by lipids circulating in the blood.The larger the plaque in the artery, the lower its clearance and the worse it operates.Some plaques may be so large that almost completely cover the lumen of the vessel.
Atherosclerosis significantly increases the risk of heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.Fortunately, everyone is able to reduce their level of blood lipids and thereby reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis and its complications.Even minor changes in lifestyle in a healthy way (for example, gymnastics in the morning and giving up a quick snack harmful food) can reduce cholesterol and be the first step in the treatment of hyperlipidemia.
Primary hyperlipidemia is genetically inherited, but the genetic defect is found in only a small number of patients with atherosclerosis.Secondary hyperlipidemia may develop diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, liver disease and kidney failure, Cushing's syndrome, obesity, alcoholism, taking hormones (estrogens) and other drugs that may affect the metabolism of lipids.Hyperlipidemia - is the main, and wherein a modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases.
In describing the condition the following terms are also used:
predisposing factor for development of hyperlipidemia are:
Men hyperlipidemia is more common than in women.
levels of total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein approximately equal to the representatives of all nationalities.
hyperlipidemia Since a long time does not give any symptoms, you need regular blood tests.It is recommended to receive such examinations at least every 5 years after the age of 20 years.
blood test allows us to see all the cholesterol and its fractions.The attending physician is required to compare these figures with the norm.As a result of comparison, the doctor decides that it is necessary: the appointment of drugs, lifestyle changes, or a combination of these treatments.Also, at a special table therapist or cardiologist will determine the risk of heart attack in the next 10 years.The higher the level of cholesterol and LDL, and the more additional risk factors (obesity, smoking, etc.), the more aggressive treatment prescribed by a doctor.
blood test shows the levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL, "bad cholesterol"), high-density lipoprotein (HDL, "good cholesterol"), total cholesterol and triglycerides.To reduce the risk of heart attack should seek to:
is believed that the lower the level of cholesterol and triglycerides, the better.
The program "Living Health" talk about what speaks cholesterol:
treating hyperlipidemia depends on the level of cholesterol and triglycerides, the risk of myocardial infarction in the near future, and the general health of the patient.The first is that the doctor will offer this lifestyle changes (diet, exercise, etc.).
The goal - to reduce total cholesterol and LDL.If recovery lifestyle does not help, the doctor will prescribe specific medications.On average, nearly all men over 35 and postmenopausal women prescribed pills.
Drugs to lower cholesterol:
Doctors always recommend starting with lifestyle changes.This set of measures to reduce total cholesterol by 10-20%.Although most people there is a decrease in total cholesterol level by only 2-6%.
basic approach to lifestyle change - improvement of nutrition.Doctors usually recommend:
Also be sure to be on the menu fish: salmon, tuna.It contains much omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids.Soy products contain a lot of antioxidants, which help reduce the level of low-density lipoprotein.
Weight gain increases the level of low-density lipoprotein, weight loss and increases high-density lipoprotein.Therefore, the patient is recommended to control your weight.The doctor will determine how much weight you need to throw.
Regular exercise - an integral part of a healthy lifestyle.The doctor will recommend to start with 20-30 minute walks daily.Physical activity helps to reduce weight, increase HDL cholesterol and lower levels of total cholesterol and LDL.But the patient should always consult with a specialist before you enroll in a gym.It is necessary to soberly assess their capabilities, as in the pursuit of weight loss, you can overdo it and harm themselves.
If the patient smokes, doctors strongly recommend to quit this habit.Also to be avoided and passive smoking.Smoking lowers HDL, cause spasm of blood vessels and damage their walls.All this only worsens hyperlipidemia.
Hyperlipidemia - not a disease, but a complex of symptoms and conditions.Everyone is able to improve their quality of life by giving up bad habits, such as smoking, excessive drinking, overeating, and so on.Undoubtedly, all these measures have a positive impact on the health of the patient and would smooth the symptoms of hyperlipidemia, improve your overall health.