About 20% of women of reproductive age are faced with such unpleasant disease like bacterial vaginosis.In fact, this disease is not that other, as a type of bacterial vaginosis - the state, which interferes with the normal composition of the vaginal microflora.
Normally the vagina is dominated by lactic microflora.Under the influence of certain factors (low immunity, stress, and others.) Lactobacilli are displaced opportunistic pathogens that may contribute to the development of many diseases.By increasing the number of the vagina gardnerellas vaginosis occurs.By themselves, these opportunistic pathogens are not dangerous, but they create a favorable environment for the reproduction of trichomonas, mycoplasma, yeast fungus that can lead to serious diseases of the sexual sphere in women.Therefore, treatment should not delay the bacterial vaginosis. Content
bacterial vaginosis is not a se
indication that the development of bacterial vaginosis, very few in number and are similar to symptoms of other diseases.The main, and in most cases only one symptom of the disease - not abundant, uniform consistency, gray-white or yellowish vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor (smell of "rotten fish").The appearance of symptoms such as itching and burning in the vagina, abdominal pain, discomfort and pain during sexual intercourse, indicating the development of inflammatory processes in the vagina, and other pelvic organs in women.
This disease requires a comprehensive treatment aimed at restoring the normal balance of microorganisms in the microflora of the vagina, increasing local immunity to it, as well as strengthening the overall immunity.Treatment is carried out in two stages: first - reducing the number gardnerellas into the vagina, the second - the population of lactobacilli.Second stage of treatment will not be effective without first.
In order to reduce the number of gardnerellas vagina appointed antibiotics (Trichopolum, Metronidazole).In the presence of contraindications to these medications (pregnancy, lactation) appointed local treatment - treatment of vaginal solution Miramistin, metronidazole gel is also possible to introduce candles Betadine.
restore the normal vaginal flora - the most difficult stage of treatment.Patients prescribed drugs containing lactobacilli.These drugs must be taken, and inside, as in most cases detected in bacterial vaginosis and intestinal dysbiosis.The course of the drugs in this group lasts at least a month.
is also important to increase the general immune status.Patients received vitamin (Biomax, Vitrum, Alphabet, etc..) And natural immunomodulators (echinacea, lemongrass).
During treatment avoid sexual intercourse or use barrier methods (condoms).After completing the course of treatment is necessary to pass a check-up to assess its effectiveness, if necessary, treatment is prolonged.
Prevention of disease is to remove the factors leading to its development:
Many women diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis, worried about the need to treat sexual partners.Men gardnerelly in rare cases can cause urethritis, cystitis, or prostatitis, bacterial vaginosis but actually they can not arise due to the anatomical structure of the reproductive system.If a woman who has one sexual partner, relapse of the disease, it is necessary to examine its partner, since he can be a source of infection for her.In such cases, to prevent a recurrence of bacterial vaginosis treatment is necessary sexual partner.