August
12
19:53
Neuroscience

Substance abuse among children and its implications

Substance abuse - abuse is an addictive substance, physical and psychological dependence, severe somatic disorders in the body and personality change.

Since the 80s of the twentieth century, widespread substance abuse among children and adolescents.But if the first fall in the number of drug addicts are children from poor, dysfunctional families (whose parents were alcoholics or drug addicts), it is now very common substance addicted children whose families are apparently quite safe and well provided for financially.

Content

  • 1 Types of abuse
  • 2 The causes of addiction
  • 3 symptoms of substance abuse
  • 4 consequences of substance abuse
  • 5 Diagnostics
  • 6 Treatment
  • 7 summary for parents

addicts use substances that are not related to drugs.

Currently substance abuse is common in every city.She claimed and continues to claim the lives of children and adolescents.The average age of children with drug addicts - 8-15 years.According to statistics, children and adolescents make up

88% of all drug addicts.

Most inhaling toxic substances engaged in mass in groups of a few people.This is usually done in the cellars, in the flats (left without parents), and any other place where it is possible privacy.

The school is also not uncommon for the use of toxic substances on the stairs, in a cubbyhole with cleaning equipment, in the closet, behind the school, etc.Often this occurs in the morning before classes, but may be at any other time of day.

Between knowledge of life the child has to deal with many difficult questions for him, one of which is the choice to use or discard.One of the needs of this age is the desire to find friends, to merge with the surrounding social environment.And when a group of friends colorfully describes the vivid sensation of the action of toxic or narcotic substances, the child forgets his known health warnings, tries to merge with the masses, do not be a "black sheep".

play a role as a curiosity, the desire to acquire new thrills.Emerging issues in family relations that children suffer very painful, lead to the fact that the child is nervous, breaks down, try to avoid this traumatic situation, he leaves the house and enters the environment of drug addicts.

weak will and an underestimation of the risk do not allow sober thought, to assess the implications.Reluctance to undergo ridicule, compelling calls "mentors" lead to the first breath of toxic substances.

One reason for all of this addiction is not.Matter and the child's personal characteristics: passivity, infantilism, emotional instability, inability to organize their leisure time.Lack of education, which entails a lack of desire and enthusiasm for learning, lack of spirituality, shortcomings in education and health education are contributing to the recruitment of drug addicts.

cope with temptation can help only permanent trusting relationships and conversations with parents.For a teenager it is very important to feel that love him and need him.Parents should not forget the lessons in the sports section, or in the clubs "of interest."Then there will be a child's time on the harmful health of workers.

simple "no" would not be able to resist the influence of "the street" and keep on step fraught with consequences.In addition to the theoretical explanation of the dangers of substance abuse should give specific examples of ruined health and life.

first reaction to being hit by toxic substances - protective.The body tries to signal the danger of these symptoms: dizziness occur and headache, nausea and weakness, palpitations, watery eyes and throat irritation;increased salivation.

These symptoms occur after 2-3 breaths of toxic substances.Some children at such pronounced discomfort refuse (fortunately!) From further use of toxic substances.Most

after 4-5 breaths defensive reactions fade away and new sensations: improved mood, anxiety goes away, the baby appears wanton desire to laugh, the world is beautiful and is only joy.

If toxin intake continues, after further "puffs" somewhat clouded consciousness, may appear a feeling of flight, sounds reminiscent of an echo.At this stage you can still stir addicts, but the next step this becomes impossible - consciousness is being stunning.

appear bright fantastic visual hallucinations: one picture follows another, like in a cartoon.It is these "cartoons", as they call them addicts, and attract many urge to inhale glue or paint again and again.Objects acquire properties unreal, disproportionate sizes are even parts of his body.The child loses orientation and self-control, lost the ability to think.

Sometimes delusions and hallucinations are frightening and aggressive.It is their appearance can lead to tragic deaths of a child who, fleeing the "seen" the monster can jump out of windows in high-rise building.When large doses of toxins may cause convulsions, coma or even death.

Such an effect on the brain is due to the ability of toxic substances accumulate in the fatty substances in the brain and the gradual destruction of the nerve cells of the central nervous system that ends with the degradation of the individual.That is why, according to experts, get rid of the addiction often more difficult than for drug addiction.

external manifestation of substance abuse independent of the duration and type of use of toxic substances.In children with this fatal addiction often have headaches;hair and nails become brittle;puffy face;eye bags;dilated pupils;dry skin with an earthy shade of gray.

Chronic rhinitis is characterized by mucous and bloody discharge from the nose.Developing part stomatitis, teeth affected by caries.Marked weight loss.Disturbed coordination: shake hands, unsteady gait.

Consequences depend on the duration of exposure to toxins in the body.At first, the teenager concerned about muscle pain and headaches, insomnia and blood pressure drops.

also changing the identity of the teenager: often agitation unwarranted irritation.Possible aggression, unmotivated rage gives way to a strong depression.Significantly deteriorating memory.Getting used to the effects of poison and destruction of the nervous system occur very quickly.Frequent overdose leads to irreversible dementia.

harmful effects of toxic substances in the body of a child leads to the development of anemia, kidney impairment and liver cirrhosis (irreversible changes in the liver tissue).Just a 2-year drug abuser may become invalid.

When the child has problems with academic performance, behavior change parents must exercise maximum attention and careful observation of them.If there is a smell or traces of any chemicals on clothing, appeared the slightest symptoms (described above), should, without delay, consult a specialist.

to diagnose substance abuse parents difficult, as identified relationship is not always easy.Many somatic diseases have similar symptoms, and some psychological disorders may begin with lethargy, sleep disturbances, lethargy.Therefore, the correct diagnosis can only be a doctor.Sometimes it takes a survey of the therapist and the psychiatrist.

To save a teenager from substance abuse, should first isolate it from disadvantaged backgrounds, to communicate with other users of toxic substances.In some cases, these measures are sufficient.But in the case which developed according requires special long-term treatment in a hospital.

Substance abuse is one of the most severe forms of addictions, which is not easy to get rid of.This is due to the general availability of the means used are not included in the list of substances banned for distribution and storage.The difficulty of the fight due to the fact that the impact is on the immature nervous system of children.Only by joint efforts of doctors, parents, and the child can succeed.

Principles of treatment of substance abuse:

used for the treatment of detoxification therapy (intravenous infusion of sodium chloride, glucose, etc.).Its purpose - normalization of water-salt balance and elimination of accumulated toxic substances in the body.

widely used bracing means, vitamin complexes, nootropic drugs.Depending on the nature of mental disorders can be used antidepressants in depressed child, tranquilizers at excitation and anxiety, neuroleptics for irritability or aggressive state.Indispensable assistance of a psychologist in the treatment of a young patient.

no circumstances should parents do not even try to hold the child's self.Only a doctor can choose individually for each child needed medication.

Firstly, all of these drugs used in the treatment, are potent, they can not be purchased without a prescription.Secondly, even if it will be possible to buy drugs, it can be wrong to their application further aggravate the situation by getting more dependent on one drug - polysubstance develop, treatment is more difficult.

After discharge from the hospital is supportive therapy and monitoring psychiatrist.Some adolescents need a course of rehabilitation.

There are rehabilitation centers for these patients, which held sessions with a psychologist or therapist, a social worker with a special program that helps get rid of the addiction and the use of toxic substances.

Child easier to protect from harmful addictions such as substance abuse, than to cure it.Gone are the days when substance abuse is just getting children from disadvantaged families.In search of thrills and substance abuse can become quite "wealthy" children.

only attentive parents allow timely notice the changed behavior of the teenager or his circle of communication.At the slightest suspicion of the use of toxic substances a child should seek help from professionals.Independently parents to this scourge can not cope.Only the timely measures taken and treatment can save a child.Delay in these cases can not be!