In humans, most often found three types of staph - Staphylococcus (S. Aureus), epidermal (S. Epidermidis) and saprophytic (S. Saprophyticus).They can cause acute and chronic infections, as well as long-term existence in the body without the development of disease.In the latter case, the person is a carrier of Staphylococcus.
The carriage is the most common form of existence of staph in humans.This microorganism may permanently live on the skin, mucous membranes, including the nose and throat.Under unfavorable conditions it starts to actively multiply and cause disease.This article will talk about the treatment of staphylococcal throat. Content
Staphylococcus attributed to opportunistic pathogens, ie to bring out its pathogenicity(disease) need special conditions.Such conditions may be hypothermia, decreased immunity, antibiotics, severe comorbidities, and other factors.
On the other hand, healthy carriers
most susceptible to staphylococcal infection, young children, especially after exposure to harmful factors during pregnancy and during labor (pathology of pregnancy, a long dry period in the delivery), are at an early artificial feeding.Are at risk for this infection elderly, especially diabetes, cancer and rheumatic diseases, eczema.
Staphylococcus can cause nose and throat diseases (tonsillitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis).Spread throughout the body, it can cause damage to the skin and subcutaneous tissue, respiratory, digestive, cardiovascular, urinary tract, reproductive organs, bones and joints, central nervous system and other organs.Therefore it is very important to treat a staph infection and sanitize the carriers of this microorganism.
With the development of angina, preferably before the start of treatment to hand over analyzes throat microflora and sensitivity to antibiotics.Immediately after that is assigned to the so-called empirical antibiotic therapy based on the use of the most efficient in the area of antibiotics.In most cases, treatment is initiated with inhibitor-protected penicillins, such as amoxicillin / clavulanic acid or sulbactam.Popular soluble form, for example, flemoksiklav soljutab.The combination of penicillin with clavulanic acid helps to overcome the resistance of staphylococcus to antibiotics.
Upon receipt of the results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (they are ready in just a few days) can be assigned to other antibiotics, such as cephalosporins, macrolides, lincosamides.
course of treatment should be long enough (in severe cases up to 4 weeks) and lead to the complete elimination of Staphylococcus in the body (eradication).
in the complex therapy of staphylococcal infections in the throat include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins, immunomodulatory agents.
widely used local agents with antiseptic effect.Commonly prescribed drugs such as gramicidin, bioparoks, IRS-19.
Appointed gargling substances with antiseptic effect.This can be furatsilin, chlorhexidine, and especially hlorofillipt dioxidine.
to treat staph infection can be used staphylococcal bacteriophage, and staphylococcal toxoid.Staphylococcal bacteriophage used for rinsing 1 bottle 4 times a day for a week.Staphylococcal toxoid administered 0.5 ml subcutaneously every other day, 5 injections.A month later, such a course is repeated.
are cured only carriers of Staphylococcus aureus.If a person is a carrier of saprophytic or Staphylococcus epidermidis, it is not necessary to treat.For the treatment of carriage can not be applied antibiotics.If the carrier staph is a pregnant woman, it is prescribed immunization staphylococcal toxoid 0.5 ml subcutaneously in the period of 32, 34 and 36 weeks of pregnancy.To eliminate
staphylococcal carriage can use the following scheme: 1.
Staphylococcal bacteriophage to 3 - 5 ml in each nostril twice a day for 7 days.
2. IRS-19 for a single dose in each nostril 2 times a day for a month.3.
Bronhomunal to 7 mg in the morning for 10 days, all 3 course every 20 days.
A month after the end of such treatment must pass a controlling crop on flora.If carrier Staphylococcus persists, staphylococcal toxoid vaccine to vaccinate the scheme described above (0.5 ml subcutaneously at an interval of 2 weeks).
If you have a patient problem, it must be remembered that the self is dangerous to health, and for the appointment of adequate treatment, seek medical advice.
About aureus says Elena Malysheva and her colleagues: