Omission of the uterus - pathology, at which the displacement of the body down into the vagina until its total loss to the outside, and the cervix is left in place.This state - one of the manifestations of the disease, called worldwide "pelvic organ prolapse."Omission of the uterus can be found in women of any age, but more than 50% of this pathology is diagnosed in women older than 50 years.
fixed uterus in the pelvic cavity in the normal position ligamentous apparatus and the muscles and fascia of the pelvic floor, also plays a significant role in the proper tone of the body.As a result, damage to the structures that hold the uterus, its omission occurs. Content
There are also factors that increase the risk of uterine prolapse:
There are severaldegrees of uterine prolapse:
symptoms of uterine prolapse is quite a lot, and it is impossible not to notice them.A woman worries nagging pain, a feeling of pressure in the abdomen radiating to the sacrum and lower back, constipation, frequent urination.In addition, when the omission of the uterus there is a feeling of a foreign body on the vagina, a woman pays attention to increasing the number of mucous, and sometimes bleeding.There is disruption of the menstrual cycle, menstruation is very painful, and the blood loss can be so abundant that can lead to anemia.Sexual intercourse becomes painful, while largely uterine prolapse - impossible.
With the progression of the disease is the symptoms worsen.Dysuric disorder worse, women may have difficulty urinating or urinary incontinence.Due to violations of the outflow of urine is considerably increased risk of infectious diseases of the genitourinary system (pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, etc.).When uterine prolapse 2-4 degrees woman alone can determine the formation which extends from the genital slit.
In a study about the omission of the uterus are often found the omission of the rectum and bladder.
Many patients are concerned the question: "Is it possible to cure prolapse of the uterus without surgery?" With the progression of the pathology organ back in place without surgical intervention will not succeed.Gymnastics and massage, strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and the abdominals are a method of preventing this condition, but not treatment if the displacement of the body relative to the anatomical and physiological border has already occurred.
currently offers several options for surgical treatment of prolapse of the uterus, so that for each patient the doctor can recommend the best option.It should be understood that any one of the effective operation does not exist in any type of surgical procedure it is probable relapse.
uterus to return to its normal position is performed shortening and strengthening of the round ligaments that support the uterus, followed by fixing them to the wall of the body, or stapling ligaments together.It is also possible fixing of the displaced uterus to the walls of the pelvic floor (pelvic ligaments, pubic or sacral bone).A high probability of relapse after such operations due to the extensibility of ligaments, which are used to secure the body.
In recent years, around the world more and more popular and are popular operation using alloplastic materials, which are synthetic "spider veins".The risk of recurrence after operation of a woman several times lower compared to conventional surgical procedures without the use of the implant.
Normally all operations to strengthen the ligament-muscular system of the pelvic floor are held simultaneously with the plastic sheath.Transactions may or vaginal access through the abdominal wall.
Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) is performed only in the case of other diseases where necessary removal of an organ.After a hysterectomy often happens omission of other pelvic organs, so the ability and desire to a woman's uterus should be maintained.
Postoperatively, women should avoid heavy lifting, strenuous exercise, to carry out prevention of constipation, perform gymnastics.Implementation of the recommendations of the doctor reduces the risk of recurrence of uterine prolapse.
begin prevention of uterine prolapse is necessary for all the girls in childhood.Useful regular physical exercise to strengthen the abdominal muscles, you also need the treatment and prevention of diseases that lead to chronic constipation.
The law there are specific indications in the field of women's work.Women do not have to do hard physical work, not allowed lift and transport of loads weighing over 10 kg.
in the development of uterine prolapse important role played by the number of births, as well as proper management of pregnancy and childbirth, so during pregnancy should be regularly and promptly attend antenatal clinic doctors.Often omission of the uterus is a consequence of the lack of or improper obstetric benefits during childbirth.Unfortunately, in recent years a growing number of women refuses to skilled obstetric hospitals, resulting in greatly increased the number of cases of birth trauma.
After birth, women should perform regular exercises to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles, should limit heavy exercise.Before you start training, you need to consult a doctor who will give advice on the timing of the training load and intensity.
postmenopausal women should also pay attention to the prevention of uterine prolapse.In addition to preventive and curative gymnastics doctor may recommend hormone replacement therapy, through which improves blood circulation and tone the uterus and its ligamentous apparatus.
classes should begin with repetition exercises 5-7 times, gradually increasing to 15-20 repetitions.Many of the exercises are familiar to us from the lessons of rhythm and physical education in school and do not require special training.
exercises that help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, perineum and abdominal very much.The above are the most simple ones that can be performed at home.Paying just 30-50 minutes a day a therapeutic and preventive gymnastics, you can greatly reduce the risk of uterine prolapse is not only, but also in other pelvic organs.
On omission of the uterus in the program "Health»: