April
28
23:00
Gynecology

Uterine fibroids - what is it?

Uterine fibroids, also called fibroid or fibroma - a benign tumor arising from the muscle layer of the uterus.The largest number of cases are diagnosed in women aged 35-50 years, but in recent years, uterine fibroids are increasingly diagnosed in younger women.

Content

  • 1 causes of uterine fibroids
  • 2 Symptoms of uterine fibroids
  • 3 treatment of uterine fibroids
    • 3.1 Surgical treatment of uterine fibroids

InDepending on the location of fibroids following types of uterine fibroids:

Very often, uterine fibroids for a long time can not express themselves and is a random finding in the survey at the gynecologist for another reason.Sometimes the symptoms of the disease, but they are to a certain point so watered down version of what is perceived as the norm.The most common severe symptoms that can alert a woman to appear in the submucous myomas, or in the presence of large assemblies, regardless of tumor location.

In many cases, the treatment of uterine fibroids start in a conserva

tive manner.The therapy is based on long-term use of hormonal preparations.For the treatment can be used by several groups of drugs, so to select the optimum product and a decision on the duration of treatment should consult a doctor.

group of drugs most commonly prescribed for uterine fibroids:

Unfortunately, in many cases, conservative treatment is ineffective, especially in the late diagnosis of the disease.There are indications for surgical treatment of the disease:

When uterine fibroids can perform several types of operations.

Myomectomy can be performed either laparoscopically or laparotomy (through an incision in the abdominal wall).The first method is preferred because it is less traumatic and postoperative period much shorter than when performing an open manner.After myomectomy is still possible recurrence of the disease, and in the case of pregnancy the doctor should pay special attention to monitoring the scars on the wall of the uterus.

Hysteroscopic myomectomy is performed when the submucosal location of the tumor, which grows into the lumen of the uterus.The operation is performed with a special instrument - hysteroscope introduced into the body cavity through the vagina.

Hysterectomy - operation that is performed to remove the uterus.The indication for this operation can serve large size of fibroids, there are several major components, the rapid growth of the tumor.Doctors recommend hysterectomies only when other treatments are not possible or completely ineffective, and thus the disease progresses.After removal of the uterus increases the likelihood of pelvic prolapse, which may be accompanied by urinary incontinence, gas, constipation, and others.

Uterine artery embolization - one of the most modern methods of treatment of uterine fibroids, which has proven itself over the last decade.It is less traumatic manipulation, which does not require general anesthesia, and prolonged stay in hospital.As a result of the manipulation performed embolization (occlusion) of the arteries feeding the fibroid, causing it begins to shrink in size and dies.Perhaps the only drawback of surgery is pain of varying intensity, which may occur after surgery, but this problem is solved.Today, uterine artery embolization is one of the most popular operations for uterine cancer, especially in young women who wish to preserve fertility.

All women of reproductive age and postmenopausal should regularly (at least once a year) to visit a gynecologist for the purpose of routine inspection.The earlier revealed uterine fibroids, the greater the likelihood of success of conservative or surgical treatment with minimal consequences for women's health.

about the treatment of uterine fibroids in the "Live healthy!»:

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