April
29
23:00
Hematology

Signs of blood disorders

symptoms of diseases of the blood system are quite diverse and most of them are not specific (ie, they can be observed in diseases of other organs and systems).It is because of nonspecific symptoms, many patients do not seek medical help in the early stages of the disease, and only come when the chance of recovery is small.However, patients should be more attentive to her, and when in doubt, in their own health better not to "pull" and not wait for the "self-pass", and immediately seek medical attention.

So, let's look at the major clinical manifestations of diseases of the blood system.

Content

  • 1 Anemia
  • 2 Leukemia
  • 3 Lymphoma
  • 4 Multiple myeloma
  • 5 hemorrhagic diathesis

Anemia is a group of syndromes, the common feature of which is to reduce the level of hemoglobin in blood.Sometimes anemia is an independent disease (hypo or aplastichskaya anemia and so on), but more often it occurs as a syndrome with other diseases of the blood or other body systems.

There are several kind

s of anemia, a common clinical feature of which is the anemic syndrome associated with oxygen deprivation of tissue hypoxia.

main manifestations of anemia following:

Manifestations iron deficiency anemia caused not only by hypoxia of organs and tissues, but also a deficit in the body iron, signs of which were called sideropenic syndrome:

Signs of blood disorders B12 and folic acid deficiency anemia characterized by the followingmanifestations:

Hypo- and aplastic anemia usually start gradually, but sometimes debut acute and progressing rapidly.The manifestations of these diseases can be grouped into three syndromes:

Hemolytic anemia apparently showing signs of hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells):

This is a group of malignant tumors that develop from hematopoietic cells.The modified cells multiply in the bone marrow and lymphoid tissue, harassing and displacing healthy cells, and then go into the bloodstream and are carried through the bloodstream throughout the body.Despite the fact that the classification of leukemias include approximately 30 diseases, the clinical manifestations can be grouped into 3 major clinical and laboratory syndrome:

syndrome tumor growth occurs due to the spread of cancer cells to other organs and body systems and growth in their tumors.Manifestations of its following:

tumoral intoxication syndrome is associated with the release of malignant cells to the body of toxic biologically-active substances, cell debris circulation through the body, the metabolic change.Signs of his followers:

Syndrome depression hematopoiesis occurs due to a lack of circulating red blood cells (anemia syndrome), platelets (haemorrhagic syndrome), or white blood cells (immune deficiency syndrome).

Signs of blood disorders Malignant lymphoma - a group of tumors of the lymphatic system, resulting from the formation of diseased lymphoid cells capable of uncontrolled proliferation (growth).Lymphomas can be divided into 2 groups:

Lymphogranulomatosis - a tumor of the lymphatic system with a primary lesion of the lymphoid tissue;It is about 1% of adult cancers;most often affects persons between the ages of 20 to 30 and older than 50 years.

Clinical manifestations of Hodgkin's disease are:

NHL - a group of lymphoproliferative diseases with primary localized mainly in the lymph nodes.

Clinical manifestations:

Multiple myeloma or multiple myeloma or plasmacytoma - is a separate type of cancer of the blood;derived from precursor B lymphocytes, the ability to maintain a certain differentiation.

Signs of blood disorders main syndromes and clinical manifestations:

Haemorrhagic diathesis - a group of diseases, which is a common feature of increased bleeding.These diseases may be associated with abnormalities in blood coagulation system, reducing the amount and / or platelet function disorders vascular walls, are combined disorders.

Thrombocytopenia - reduction of platelets in the peripheral blood of at least 140 * 109 / L.The main feature of the disease - haemorrhagic syndrome of varying severity is directly dependent on the level of platelets.Usually the disease is chronic, but can also occur acutely.The patient pays attention to emerging spontaneously or after injury petechial rash, bruising of the skin.Through wounds, injections, surgical sutures seeping blood.Less frequent nosebleeds, bleeding from the digestive tract, hemoptysis, hematuria (blood in urine), for women - abundant and prolonged menstrual period.Sometimes increased spleen.

Hemophilia - an inherited disease characterized by bleeding disorders due to the lack of an internal clotting factor.Clinically evident in the first months of life: on the spot light injuries occur extensive hematomas and hemarthrosis (bleeding in the large joints), cuts and loss of milk teeth are accompanied by prolonged heavy bleeding.Seriously, requiring emergency symptoms are renal and gastrointestinal bleeding.

As we can see, blood disease can manifest itself in very different ways.However, to know their basic characteristics are very important, because a person with suspicion, is unlikely to launch arisen had the disease to severe stages, and is likely to seek professional help when the disease has not managed to "gain traction", which means that it is easieryield to treatment.

mystery of the blood of the human body: it offers video look.

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