April
25
23:01
Dermatology

Seborrheic keratoses: Causes and Treatment

Seborrheic keratoses (basal cell papilloma) is considered a disease of older people, so you can find another name for this disease - "senile warts."It is quite common benign skin tumor that develops from the epidermal cells.

In this article we consider the causes of this unpleasant cosmetic problem and describe the treatment of seborrheic keratosis.

Content

  • 1 Causes of seborrheic keratoses
  • 2 What is seborrheic keratoses?
  • 3 Diagnosis and treatment

causes of cancer to date has not been clarified.At various times we put forward the version that seborrheic keratoses caused by the human papilloma virus and exposure to ultraviolet rays, but none of them has been confirmed.The only thing that has been reliably established, it predisposing factors contributing to the development of the disease: age of patients above 40 years of age and genetic predisposition.

clinical picture of the disease depends on the timing of seborrheic keratosis and locating elements, which in most cases multiple,

often found on the skin of the chest, face, neck and hands.Outbreaks can appear on any part of the body except the palms and soles.Size keratitis can be from 2 mm to 3-5 cm.

reappears elements are small, flat spots with clear boundaries, not protruding above the surface of the skin.Their color can be yellow, pink, light brown, so the first spot not stand out against the skin intact.The development of seborrheic keratoses is happening for decades.Over time, patients begin to notice that the surface becomes rough spots, covered with greasy crusts, which at first can be easily removed.These peel eventually become denser, their thickness may be up to 2 cm, and the surface is covered with cracks.He darken, becoming dark brown or even black, it becomes a form of keratitis mushroom.They have a soft texture, fuzzy, sometimes jagged boundaries.

Seborrheic keratosis is never malignancy (degeneration into malignant tumor), although doctors do not exclude that in very rare cases, it is possible.

senile warts usually do not cause difficulties in diagnosis.Many are in no hurry to see a doctor if they occur.Since elements seborrheic keratosis usually multiple and often located parts of the body covered with clothes, they are not removed.

consult a dermatologist is recommended in the following cases:

If you for some reason want to remove these benign tumors, then you should not self-medicate, should see a doctor.Only a physician can accurately determine whether or not it seborrheic keratosis, and, if necessary, to direct a biopsy of the tumor cells.

There are several methods that can be used to remove the radical elements of seborrheic keratosis.

Cryodestruction: affordable and quick way to the treatment.Produced by liquid nitrogen freezing element with the seizure of land not affected skin around the width of not more than 1 mm.This method often is used when necessary to remove large amounts of keratitis.After complete resolution of processed elements keratosis in their place may be compromised skin pigmentation, but it disappears with time.The disadvantage of the procedure is the possibility of incomplete resolution of the hearth and scarring, although this is rare.

Removing keratitis laser.The procedure is painless, bloodless, this method is considered the most preferred by removing senile warts on the face and neck.

Electrocoagulation.This method is often used in combination with curettage - removal of tumors curette.

chemical removal using acids keratitis is almost never used, since there is a possibility of scarring after the removal of the tumor.

effectiveness of conservative treatment of seborrheic keratosis is not.To slow the growth of the already existing elements, and preventing the formation of new vitamin can help.Patients assigned to receive vitamin C in large doses to 3-4 g per day on several stages, a course of treatment lasts 2-3 months, and then needed a break (at least 1 month).For more accurate dosage should see a doctor.

In the popular television program talk about the disease:

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