Menstrual cycle: the norm, failures, violations

Female body - a great mystery!And like the unexplained events in nature, changes in the phases of the moon changes and the woman's life.Many scientists noticed that the cyclical nature of the heavenly body is reflected in the menstrual cycle of women.But sometimes there are storms, and the health of the woman susceptible to change from the outside and there are disturbances in the body, which can bring a lot of inconvenience to the woman's life, and most importantly - to deprive her of the opportunity to experience the joy of motherhood!


  • 1 Let's see, what is the normal menstrual cycle
    • 1.1 normal parameters of the menstrual cycle:
  • 2 phase of the cycle
  • 3 reasons for which violatedmenstrual cycle
  • 4 Types of menstrual disorders:
  • 5 Treatment of menstrual disorders

This cyclic menstrual period in the life of every healthy women, except during pregnancy and lactation, beginning with the first day of appearancebleeding (menses) and on the first day of the following mo

nth.Normally, this period ranges from 21 to 35 days, plus or minus 3 days.If the cycle is shorter or longer, it is possible to speak of pathology and sound the alarm.The menstrual cycle plays an important role in the reproductive function of the woman and is essential for the ability to fertilization, pregnancy and birth of children.

girl becomes a woman with the beginning of the first menstruation (menarche), which usually start with 11-14 years.First, they may be irregular, but after a couple of years the cycle set.And throughout his life, he is stable until the period peremenopauzy somewhere 40-50 years.

From birth in the ovaries, the girl has 2 million follicles to top of menarche is up to 400 thousand.One menstrual cycle "uses" a ripening follicle to exit the egg.

Cyclical changes in the rate of women have a two-phase cycle and precisely controlled by the hormonal mechanism of the effect of the endocrine glands.

parallel ovaries, cyclic hormonal influences, and is subject to the endometrium in the uterus.

endometrium, as is known, consists of several layers, the surface layers were functional and intermediate layers.The basal layer during menstruation is not rejected, and provides recovery tore layers.In between, well, rejecting exits as menstruation.

There are cyclic changes in the endometrium as sledubschih phases:

The continuous cyclic process friendly reproductive organs - glands, ovaries and endometrium throughout the menstrual cycle matures, release of an egg from the ovary and its fertilization, the attachment to the already prepared endometrium (thanksbiphasic cycle) and the further development and preservation of pregnancy is more of ovarian hormones.If fertilization does not occur, the functional layer (necessary if pregnancy occurs for the attachment of the embryo into it and keep it running) is rejected in the form of menstruation.

process of regulation of the cyclic process carried out by the neuroendocrine system and the direct feedback of hormones, t. E. With a decrease of some other hormones rise and vice versa.There are a hierarchy of levels of regulation of the menstrual cycle:

But unfortunately, not all women have regular menstrual cycles and runs like clockwork.All violations are divided into such categories:

menorrhagia (gipermenstrualny syndrome) - cyclic heavy menstruation.He, in turn, subdivided into:

hypomenstrual syndrome - the outward manifestation reduce menstruation:


After a full examination of the woman, including a medical history, a detailed general and gynecological examinations, of ultrasound, pap smears, clinical andBiochemical analysis of blood coagulation, hormonal examination, hysteroscopy and sometimes MRI, it is possible to start treatment.

It is unacceptable self!It is dangerous for a woman's life.In case of menstrual disorders need to seek help from the medical establishment, t. To. The delay can in severe cases lead to inflammation, endocrine disorders, anemia, infertility, and in extreme cases - death.Take care of yourself and your health - it is priceless!

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