August
12
19:53
Gastroenterology

Gallbladder disease: signs and symptoms

Gall bladder - a body that is almost always out of your attention (at least up until it starts to hurt).It will discuss the most common symptoms indicating "malfunctions" (diseases) in the gallbladder.

Content

  • 1 Gall bladder: what is its function?
  • 2 Gallbladder: What can go wrong?
  • 3 Symptoms of gallbladder disease
  • 4 Specific symptoms zhelchnopuzyrnogo attack
  • 5 symptoms of cholelithiasis
  • 6 "Silent" gallstones
  • 7 treatment of gallbladder disease
    • 7.1 Dietgall bladder
    • 7.2 Therapeutic treatment
    • 7.3 Surgery

The gallbladder - a small muscle "pouch", which collects and stores bile produced by the liver.The gallbladder is located just below the liver.The collected bile bladder through the bile duct highlights the duodenum, where it is included in the process of digestion.Specifically, bile needed to digest fat.

Here are the most common diseases of the gallbladder:

Character displays depends on which disease affects the gallbladder.This applies to the specific s

ymptoms, also common manifestations are the same for all these diseases.

The most common first symptom is severe pain in the upper abdomen, usually on the right or the middle of his department.

Here are the most common symptoms of gallbladder disease:

Some of the problems associated with the gallbladder (eg, small gallstones that do not affect the bile duct) may not manifest itself in any way.In most cases, they are found in the X-ray examination about any other problems, or at all when surgical intervention on the organs of the abdominal cavity.

gallbladder does not seem to be something very important, as long as it starts to cause severe pain to the patient.If you notice at any symptoms of gall bladder, you should as soon as possible inform the doctor that you are prescribed examination and appropriate treatment.This will allow your digestive tract to work again, "like clockwork."

attacks of biliary colic can be very painful, even frightening.There is nothing surprising in the fact that many people prefer to surgery, experienced a similar attack at least once.However, there are food supplements and special diet, which avoid surgery, thus eliminating all symptoms.

Please remember that if you are experiencing severe pain in the abdomen, which is accompanied by fever, - IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION!It could save your life.

Here are symptoms of the attack zhelchnopuzyrnogo:

All zhelchnopuzyrnye symptoms "template", regardless of the presence or absence of stones.Nevertheless, all of the symptoms listed above, and may be accompanied by cholelithiasis.

Approximately 70-89% of people with gallstones do not suspect the presence of gallstones.This so-called "silent stones".However, the remaining 20-30% are converted to 500-700 thousand cholecystectomy (surgery to remove the gallbladder) in a year.

As the population there is a tendency to improvement of their diet, these figures only grow with time.The risk that a "silent" stones lead to zhelchnopuzyrnomu attack is about 1% per year.

As is the case with other diseases, surgical, there are several treatment options:

In any dysfunction, inflammation, presence of calculi patient is assigned to a diet with the exception of fatty, fried, salty, spicy.This is a classic version of the power supply for patients with abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract.

Disclaimer salty, spicy and fried foods helps reduce irritation entire digestive system and the exclusion from the diet of fatty foods offloads the gallbladder.

menu man with gallbladder disease should be easy nutritious, rich in protein quality dishes.It is necessary to give preference to food boiled, steamed, grilled or baked.Avoid those prescriptions (even of authorized products) where it is necessary to add a large amount of oil or spices.

If diet and a list of food the patient can make himself, the pill can not do that.You must see a doctor to get appropriate treatment scheme.In diseases of the gallbladder should seek the help of surgeons and gastroenterologists.In most cases, they are issued antispasmodics and analgesics.Be sure to discuss with your doctor the chance of side effects, the drug regimen, the maximum dose and what to do if the pills do not help.

Surgery is carried out if the patient has cholelithiasis (CL), and the indications for surgery.Removal of the bladder filled with stones, can be planned and emergency.

In the case of elective surgery patient usually have the choice to accept the classical laparotomy or less traumatic endoscopic intervention.If a person suddenly twisted gallstone attack (for example, if a large stone stood in the neck of the gallbladder, an inflammation accompanied by severe pain and a sharp deterioration), in most cases, will be held laparotomic operation.The incision is made in this case on the white line of the abdomen, and, unfortunately, often after surgery remains a visible scar.To avoid such unpleasant consequences, you need to carefully monitor their health, in time to see a doctor and to implement their recommendations.Then, if they need an operation, it would be routine, laparoscopic, and the patient will take it much easier.