Hemoglobin - a special chemical complex, which is part of the red blood cells - red blood cells.It consists of a protein called "hem" and iron ions.Using hemoglobin erythrocytes receive oxygen in the lungs and carry it through the blood vessels.
reduction of hemoglobin in the blood - a laboratory signs of anemia.Anemia can be a manifestation of a variety of diseases and conditions.We offer you an overview to introduce funds to increase hemoglobin in the blood.Do not forget that drugs can only appoint a doctor.
Experts identify the following main reasons for the decline of hemoglobin:
Depending on the causes of anemia treatment of this condition is different.Consider the main drugs used to raise hemoglobin levels in diffe
With only one diet to eliminate iron deficiency anemia in iron impossible.Iron, which a person can get from food, is able to fill only the daily loss of this trace element.In this disease must be administered iron supplements.
used products containing ferrous iron (Fe2), since it is much better absorbed in the digestive organs.
Medicinal products containing iron is most often appointed inside.Should be taken daily amount of medication, comprising from 100 mg to 300 mg of ferrous iron.The amount of iron must be indicated in the instructions for use of the medicament.More than this amount of iron to make no sense, since the volume of its intake is limited.
within a specified dosage amount received is determined by the individual iron tolerated by the patient and the severity of anemia.
Medicines containing ferrous appointed hour before meals or no sooner than two hours after a meal.At the same time it is recommended to take vitamin C or succinic acid.It is known that iron absorption is improved by the simultaneous use of fructose.
oral iron is held in the maximum tolerated dose to normalize the level of hemoglobin, which usually occurs within 6 - 8 weeks.Clinical improvement usually occurs within a few days after starting, and the hemoglobin level begins to increase gradually after 2 - 3 weeks.
of the drugs most commonly prescribed ferrous "Aktiferrin", "gemofer", "Sorbifer Durules", "Totem", "Fenyuls", "Ferropleks", "Tardiferon."
Side effects of iron supplementation for oral administration: a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, bloating, constipation or diarrhea.At lower doses, these effects usually disappear.
In some cases iron preparations are administered intramuscularly or intravenously, i.e. parenterally.
Indications for parenteral administration:
most commonly used drugs "Venofer", "Ektofer", "Ferrum-Lek".
In their application may be abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea.After the introduction of the drug into a vein may develop venous spasm or phlebitis (inflammation of a vein).From the general effects can be noted a burning sensation, redness of the face, lower blood pressure and dizziness and pain in the joints.At low
effect of the treatment administered additionally antioxidants such as vitamin E. When
hemoglobin level of 40 - 50 g / l shows red blood cell transfusions.
With this type of anemia, iron supplements are not assigned.
Treatment B12 deficiency anemia should be carried out only after confirmation of the diagnosis by a myelogram.
apply intramuscular injections of vitamin B12.There are two drugs that vitamin "Cyanocobalamin" and "oksikobalamin."They are appointed for a patient receiving daily or every other day for 4 - 6 weeks, and then held constant fixing therapy."Oksikobalamin" exists in the form of tablets.
folic acid is prescribed only when proven folievodefitsitnoy anemia.The use of folic acid at B12 deficiency effectively.
Medications used to treat anemia in this group, not directly increase hemoglobin.Nevertheless, they act on the mechanisms of disease, and thus lead to the recovery of the level of hemoglobin.
The following group of drugs:
Due to the large heterogeneity of anemia may be assigned different medications, including Desferal, folic acid, steroids, immunosuppressants, immunoglobulin.By influencing the mechanisms of these diseases listed drugs eventually cause an increase in the level of hemoglobin.
So pharmacological industry offers a variety of products to enhance the level of hemoglobin in the blood.Appointed by these drugs, taking into account the patient's condition, the type of anemia, portability of a substance the body and many other factors.In this regard, it recommends acceptance of certain drugs can only be a doctor.