Allergic rhinitis (runny nose) is fairly chastovstrechaemy illness, which refer to a specialist.This disease is not contagious, and completely caused by inflammation of the nasal mucosa as a result of allergic reactions.Consider how to treat allergic rhinitis, which is the cause of the disease and how it is diagnosed. Content
According to statistics, in Russia allergic rhinitis sick about 20% of the population.The source of the disease - an allergic reaction, more specifically, that of immediate hypersensitivity.
This name is set allergic disorders, the symptoms of which are formed from a few seconds up to 20 minutes after reaction with the allergen.
allergens that often trigger allergic rhinitis:
Hereditary predisposition increases the likelihood of developing the disease.
main symptoms of allergic rhinitis are:
is typical appearance of the patient at the time of exacerbation of allergic rhinitis.There is a small swellin
Allergic rhinitis, often for the first time makes itself felt in childhood or adolescence.Given the intensity of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis emit light, moderate and severe.When the signs of the disease does not disrupt sleep and reduce daytime activity, talking about mild;When slightly reduced performance and sleep, talk about moderate, while striking manifestations of the symptoms of severe allergic rhinitis.
If symptoms occur only during spring and summer, it is a seasonal rhinitis, also takes place year-round shape.Seasonal allergic rhinitis usually occurs as a result of an allergy to mold spores or pollen.
Sometimes patients may notice themselves provoke agents.For example, carrying out cleaning in the house, contact with cat walking on the street on a spring day, etc.
initial use of antihistamines always gives temporary relief.Sometimes a runny nose joins conjunctivitis.All these symptoms can be manifestations of asthma before.
similar manifestations, not counting the few differences are almost all rhinitis, and they are not few (professional, infectious, drug-induced, atrophic, psychogenic, hormonal rhinitis, etc.).Each of them need medical attention, and his personal approach.Therefore, the diagnosis is still necessary to provide a specialist.
Most often, people for a long time used for nasal decongestants and eventually the abuse of such drugs, the disease may worsen.In patients with allergic rhinitis often is there an increased sensitization to stimuli such as chemical agents, tobacco smoke and strong odors.
For the treatment of allergic rhinitis almost always need to take antihistamines inside.It is recommended to use a second medication (zodak, tsetrin, Claritin) and third (Zyrtec, erius, Telfast) generations.The duration of therapy is determined by a specialist, but rarely less than 2 weeks.These drugs can have adverse effects on the heart and brains, so consult your doctor.
Even if rhinitis prescribe topical agents such as kromoglin, kromogeksal, kromosol.These sprays are efficacious when used in children or mild disease.Such medicines can be used for preventing all year round.In recent years, successfully applied spray - Nazaval.It forms a film on the nasal mucosa, which protects from contact with an allergen.In severe illness severity used nasal corticosteroids (nasobek, Nasonex, bekonaze, Fliksonaze, nazarel, benorin, aldetsin).
Remember, do not abuse the vasoconstrictor drops (Naphthyzinum).If drug treatment does not work or there are contraindications possible appointment of an allergen-specific immunotherapy.The operation is conducted in allergic rhinitis rarely and only when there is a parallel ENT pathology.
Unfortunately, not in the traditional medicine of effective recipes to help with allergic rhinitis.Perhaps only nasal lavage brine.
specific prevention, unfortunately, not been developed.In the presence of a disease must be eliminated as much as possible contact with the allergen.