sacciform liquid capsule formation - a cyst may be formed in various organs (liver, brain, kidneys, and others.).Is no exception and the pancreas.The resulting cyst or cysts, are both completely transparent for the patient, identified only during the examination, and causing pain, jaundice, itching and other unpleasant sensations and states.Depending on the severity, a patient needs only constant medical supervision, while others need to be active medical actions.
cysts in the pancreas have long ceased to be considered a rare disease.They can occur in patients of any age, hitting both women and men differ significantly in number and size.Most cysts are present only in the pancreas, but in some patients (especially congenital origin) they are combined with cystic lesions of the ovary, kidney, liver and brain.In this case, they are all manifestations of the disease - polycystic system.
According to doctorsthere pancreatic cysts types.In its origin, they are divided into:
true cysts often confused with pseudocysts.The latter are a direct result of suffering severe pancreatitis with high activity or injury to the pancreas.They can be filled with juice gland, blood, fragments of the destroyed pancreatic tissue and differ in microscopic structures from these cysts wall (they have no lining epithelial cells).
Clinical manifestations of pancreatic cysts and treatment strategy depends on its size, as well as their number and location.Small cysts usually do not cause any concern to patients.Large same formation squeeze the surrounding tissue, disrupting its function, ducts and close to the pancreas organs.
These patients are observed:
long-standing large cysts are not always harmless.In addition to the compression of the close of it, and may be accompanied by other complications:
When a large amount of cysts it is sometimes possible to probe in the abdomen in the area corresponding to the projection of the pancreas.Still, most cysts are identified by methods of the modern instrumental examinations such as:
These studies are visualized in the form of cyst fluid formations with precise contours and homogeneous structure, allow us to estimate the number, size, relationship with the pancreatic duct, located close relationship with the authorities.
sometimes fails to detect a cyst during a radiographic contrast studies of the stomach, duodenum, vessels, gall bladder.Such education is set to displacement or deformation of subjects and reveal some smooth rounded shadow.
If the patient has single small cysts, and their presence does not manifest clinically, this patient usually only watch.Regular inspection can monitor their growth, quantity, condition, effect on other organs.
need in the surgical treatment of patients with:
The most effective of these methods is enucleation, which leads to healing in nearly 90% of clinical cases.But it is not always feasible due to adhesions cysts, its localization and physical condition of the patient.
If the cyst is a parasitic origin, the operation must necessarily be accompanied by an additional course of anthelmintic drugs.
important condition for the prevention of exacerbations of the disease is proper nutrition.Food patient should be given in shabby or powdered form, so it is easier to digest, reducing the load on the pancreas.
should be excluded:
Compliance diet often helps to avoid surgical intervention.