Mycoplasmosis - an infectious disease transmitted mainly through sexual contact, which is the causative agent of the smallest of the currently known organisms - Mycoplasma genitalium.According to statistics, women the disease is detected in 2 times more often than men.The path of infection in most cases - sexual, but it is possible and household transmission of infection through bed linens, towels, gynecological instruments, which explains the detection of the disease in women who have never had sexual intercourse.Another way of infection vertical: in childbirth infection is transmitted from sick mother to child during its passage through the birth canal. Content
The incubation period of the disease lasts from 4 to 55 days (typically 2 weeks), but due to the fact that in most cases mycoplasmosis flows into the erased or covertly determine exactly when infection occurred, is virt
Symptoms of mycoplasma conditionally divided into 2 groups: emerging in the defeat of the external genitalia, and the penetration of mycoplasmas in the internal organs of the urogenital system in women.
With the defeat of the external genitalia parasites accumulate in the mucosa of the vagina and urethra.In this situation, patients usually do not make any complaints.Sometimes you may experience low-energy itching of external genitals and the appearance of scarce colorless discharge from the genital tract.These symptoms often go unnoticed, women do not go to the gynecologist, and if untreated, the disease becomes chronic.
Chronic mycoplasmosis for quite a long time may be asymptomatic.But during periods of exacerbations, which are often associated with reduced immunity, itching of the external genitalia and the discharge from the genital tract is significantly enhanced.This strengthening of these symptoms makes a woman see a gynecologist.
With the penetration of infection in the internal sex organs occur abdominal pain, burning and itching during urination, copious, sometimes purulent discharge from the genital tract.These symptoms may be accompanied by fever, chills, weakness.Patients disrupted menstrual cycle (usually occur intermenstrual bleeding).
insidious mycoplasma is the disease for many years can occur completely asymptomatic.During this period, the woman is a carrier of infection and can pass it on to their sexual partners.Very often, the disease is detected in the examination for infertility or miscarriage.
Treat mycoplasmosis a must, even if there is absolutely no evidence of disease.This infection is dangerous for pregnant women, since there is intrauterine fetal loss, which often leads to the vices of its development, miscarriage, premature birth and stillbirth.
Treatment of the disease should be comprehensive, and therapy is needed, not only the patient but also her sexual partners.Used products general and local action, acts directly on the mycoplasma, and immunomodulators.
main group of drugs for the treatment of mycoplasma - antibiotics, preference is given to drugs tetracycline, macrolides and fluoroquinolones.When choosing a particular drug the doctor is guided by the results of the analyzes and the individual characteristics of the patient.Antibiotics should be carried out strictly on the scheme, the treatment lasts for 7-10 days.
topically applied candles containing metronidazole as well as preparations for douching (miramistin, chlorhexidine).
For the prevention of fungal infection that often occurs during the treatment with antibiotics, appointed antifungal drugs (fluconazole).
with antibiotics is often a dysbacteriosis.To prevent it is prescribed to patients eubiotics - products containing bifidobacteria and lactobacilli (Linex, Normoflorin, bifidumbakterin).Recovery microflora after local antibiotic therapy is necessary and the vagina.For this purpose, used candles containing lactic acid bacteria (atsilakt, laktobakterin).
Since mycoplasmosis usually reduced immunity, patients need therapy aimed at strengthening the immune status.To do this, the patient is recommended to take multivitamin complexes (Biomax, Vitrum, alphabet, etc.) And preparations based on natural immunomodulators (Echinacea purpurea, lemongrass, ginseng, Siberian ginseng).
At the time of treatment is recommended to abstain from sexual intercourse or use barrier methods of contraception (condoms).While receiving antimicrobials banned alcohol.
after completion of therapy should undergo a check-up to assess its effectiveness.Within 10 days after receiving systemic antibiotics gynecologist takes a smear on the study.This procedure is repeated three times in the middle of each subsequent menstrual cycle.Only if the results of bacteriological tests negative in each stroke, it can be assumed that a woman cured of mycoplasma.
Transfer "Living Health" on the diagnosis and treatment of mycoplasma: